SECTION -A- MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS (M.C.Qs)
Q.1 Choose the correct answer for each from the given options
(i) The present Governor of Sindh is:
(a) Dr. Muhammad Ali Shah
(b) Pir Mazhar-ul-Haq
(c) Dr. Ishrat-ul-Ebad Khan
(d) Syed Qaim Ali Shah
(ii) The parliament of Pakistan comprises of:
(a) Two house.
(b) Three houses
(c) Four houses
(d) Five houses
(iii) He is considered to be the founder of the Two Nation Theory:
(a) Liaquat Ali Khan
(b) Sir Syed Ahmed Klaan
(d) Allama Iqbal
(iv) The N.O had formed the Human Rights Commission in February 1946 consisting of:
(a) 16 members
(b) 18 members
(c) .20 members
(d) 22 members
(v) Quaid-e.A~am joined the All India Muslim League in A.D:
(vi) Aristotle has declared family as the:
(a) Welfare Unit
(b) Basic Unit
(c) Latin Component
(d) Distinguished Component
(vii) The highest court of our country is:
(a) High Court
(b) Supreme Court
(c) City Court .
(d) Session Court
(viii) The concept of Islamic nationhood is associated with:
(ix) The central role played in the creation of Pakistan comes
from this city:
(x) The present Education Minister of Sindh is:
(a) Shazia Murree
(b) Pir Mazhnr-ul-Haq
(c) Shehla Raza
(d) Faisal Raza Abidi
(xi) Pakistan Resolution was presented on;
(a) 23rd March 1940
(b) 23rd March 1941
(c) 23rd March 1943
(d) 24rd March 1945
(xii) The present President of Pakistan is:
(a) Yousuf Ran GHani
(b) Pervaiz Musharraf
(c) Asif Ali Zardari
(d) Shoukat Aziz
(xiii) The most important organ of Government is:
(d) Supreme Court
(xiv) The methods of acquiring citizenship in Pakistan are:
(xv) The rust constitution of Pakistan was enforced in A.D:
(xvi) The head of the province is called:
(a) Chief Minister
(xvii) This state is considered exemplary by the Muslim scholars:
(d) Saudi Arabia
(xviii) The partition of Bengal took place in A.D:
(xix) The flr~mic explosion took place in Pakistan on:
(a) 28′” May 1998
(b) 30th October 1999
(c) 22nd November 2000
(d) 10th January 2001
(xx) The fourth important pillar of State is:
Section “B” Short Question Answer
Q.2 Rights and Duties are interrelated. Discuss
Five sentences on the statement of Rights and Duties are Interrelated” are following.
(i) Rights and duties are interrelated, they cannot be separated from each other.
(ii) If the people only care about their rights and they do not obey their duties then the life can not be peaceful in the society.
(iii) Rights and duties both are necessary for individual and collective life in the society.
(iv) The rights are given so that the citizens utilize their abilities and fulfil their duties.
(v) The rights are given so that the development is made in public welfare but the citizens should also perform their duties because it also helps in the progress in public welfare.
Q.3 Define Civics in the words of F.G. Gold.
The definition of civics in the words of F.G. Gold is following.
Civics is the study of institutiorls, habits, activities by whICh a man or woman may fulfill the duties arid enjoys the membership of any political party.”
Q.4 Point out any five problems of Karachi City.
For Answer See Q.No. 13 in Solved Paper Civics 2011
Q.5 Write the duties of the Prime Minister of Pakistan.
For Answer See Q,No. 9 in Solved Paper Civics 2011
Q.6 Write five sentences on Pak China relation.
For Answer See Q.No. 3 in Solved Paper Civics 2011
Q.7 Write five merits of Dictatorship.
For Answer See Q.No. 11 in Solved Paper Civics 2011
Q.8 What i. Kashmir Issue? . .
For Answer See Q.No. 16 in Solved Paper Civics 2011
Q.9 Describe any five points out of the Fourteen points of Quaid-e-Azam.
Five points from the Fourteen points of Quaid-e-Azam are following.
(i) The form of future constitution should be Federal with residuary powers vested in the provinces.
(ii) A uniform measure of anatomy should be granted to all provinces.
(iii) All legislature in India should be constituted on the definite principle of adequate and effective representation of minorities in every province to a minority or equality.
(iv) In the central legislature. the Muslim representation shouldd not be less than one third.
(v) Representation of communal groups shall continue to be means of separate electorate as at present provided if shall be open to any community at any time to abandon its separate electorate in favour of .joint electorate.
Five important characteristics of the concept of Millat in Islam are following:
(i) All the members of Islamic concept beleive in the oneness of Allah and declare Hazrat Mohammad (S.A.W.) as the last prophet of Allah.
(ii) There is no place c.f prejudice on the basis of birth. community. colour and race in the conceoe of Islamic Millat.
(iii) All the members of islamic Millat are brothers.
(iv) The concept of Islamic Millat is based on equality.
(v) The concept of universal brotherhood is associated with the concept of Islamic Millat
Q.11 Describe the “Allahabad Address” A.D. 1930 of Allama Iqbal
Allahabad Address” A.D. 1930 of Allama Iqbal:
The failure of the Khilafat Movement and of the Simon Commission and the designs of the Hindu leaders, as revealed by the Nehru Report, convinced some Muslim leaders that the Muslims of India would not be safe without a separate homeland for theme selves in the South Asiar. sub-continent. Dr. Sir Muhammad Iqbal was the first Muslim leader of express this idea in very clear terms in his Presidential Address at the annual session of the All-India Muslim League, held at Allahabad in V.P. on 29t” December, 1930. First of all, he criticized the Hindu domination over the minority principle of rule by the majority was accepted in the conditions prevailing in India, the Hindu majority would always dominate over the Muslim minority, for their religions could not be changed without destroying the separate nature of the Muslim religion, culture, traditions, etc. The distinct religion, culture, and traditions could be safeguarded only if the
Muslims of the regions where they were in majority could be separated from the Hindu majority regions. He said in his Address:
“I would like to see the Punjab. North-West Frontier Province Sind and Baiochistan amalgamated into It single stat,. S,lf-!overnment within the Britis Empire, or without tit.: British Empire, the [ormation
oJf a consdidated Nor~h-W,st Indift MusliM state appears to mt to be the final tkstiny of the Mus!:ms, at least of North-West India
This was Allama Iqbal’s idea of the separate- homeland for the Indian Muslims, which soon made Q.uaid-e-Azam to put forth his theory of two nations, on the basis of which he led ti.e movement for the establishment of Pakistan, as first demanded in the historic Lahore Resolutjon, Allama Iqbal had mentally prepared the Muslims for a brighter future through his Intellectual frame-work. Altb augh he did not use the word “Pakistan” in his address but it was for the first time that the sole representacive party of the India Muslims the Muslim League became instrument for the presentation of the concept of a .•eparate homeland. Although there w~re people before him who advocated partition but Iqbal felt the need for a separation MnHm homeland in a larger perspective. The address is an it-.:.portant historical document propounding concept of a state which should be an embodiment of the Islamic values extinction of social distinctions. Thus would be social justice in that state. Iqbal not only gave the Indian Muslims a target but also pointed out to them the- best leadership for them. He presented Islam as a dynamic force which can liberate the human mind from the limitations of race or territorial nationalism
Q.12 Write the definition of state as given by Professor Laski.
For Answer See Q.No. 12 in Solved Paper Civics 2011 .
Q.13 What are the merits of Democracy? t:
For Answer See Q..No. IS in Solved Paper Civics 2011
Q.14 Describe the relations of Pakistan and india.
For Answer See Q.No. 16 in Solved Paper Civics 2010
Q.15 Write five Islamic provisions of the constitution 1973 A.D.
Five Islamic provisions of the constitution of 1973 A.D. ace following.
(i) Sovereignty over the entire universe belongs to Almighty Allah and the right of supreme authority also belongs to Him.
(ii) The name of the state is Islamic Republic of Pakistan.
(iii) Steps shall be taken to enable the Muslims of Pakistan to order their lives in accordance to the teachings of Islam.
(iv) The teachings of the Holy Quran and Islamiat shall be compulsory. Steps shall be taken for the publishing of the Holy Quran without any mistake.
(v) Proper organization shall be made for the system of Zakat, Auqaf and Mosques in Pakistan.
Q.16 Write five duties of a Non-Muslim citizen.
For Answer See Q.No. 5 in Solved Paper Civics 2011
SECTION “C” DETAILED ANSWER QUESTION
Q.17 Define State and describe the elements of an Islamic state.
A group of people which ace gathered in a particular region and is free from external actions, with its own government which has all related powers is called state.
(i) According to Gilchrist, the state is moral reality which is established when people arc -inclined to constitute a population in a certain region with its government having all powers.
(ii) According to Garner, state is a group of people which have a population and live constantly in a specific region and it has an organized government free from the effects of all external factors.
Essential Elements of the state:
The essential elements of the state are Following.
Population is an essential element of the state and the concept of the state is not possible without population. According to Plato, the state is not produced from a tree or from a rock but is formed by individuals. China and India are the states with large population. Plato gave an opinion that a state is constituted by the population five thousand and forty people. According to Aristotle the population of ten thousands to one million is necessary for the fonnation of a state. In modern period Rousseau also·suppo”it the concept of less population in a state, according to him, the population of ten thousand people is enough for a state. In modern states. the population is in millions.
Territory is the second physical element of the state. It is necessary for the constitution of state that the population should stay constantly on a specific region, the wandering people can not constitute a state. In states. when the demarcation of is made then military defence, international relations and other legal affairs are produced.
The third essential element of the state is government. All the affairs of the state are run through the government. The governmcnt enforces laws and establish a balance between the rights and duties. Legislative Executive and Judiciary are the three sections of the government. A state is not established when the unity is not gained. Legislature makes Jaws for the country, the executive enforces the laws and the judiciary makes decisions according to these laws
Sovereignty is the fourth essential clement of the state. Sovereignty makes the states distinctive from all other institutions. Due to this the state becomes authoritive internally and externally. Internal Sovereignty means the Jaw of the state which is applicable within the geographical limits of the state though the powers of the government have been distributed among central government and its institutions but each institution uses its powers in the name of the state. External Sovereignty shows the liberty of the state from external factors. The American states are not called as True States because these states are bounded with the rules of the central government in many ways. The Sub-Continent before partition in 1947 was not an actual state though it has other three characteristics, when the Sovereignty was given to two states then two Sovereignty states Pakistan and India were established. Territory is the body of a state. government is its brain. population is its organs and Sovereignty is its soul. As the body becomes dead without soul. the state comes to an end with the separation of Sovereignty
Q.18 Describe the role played by the “Two Nation Theory” in the creation of Pakistan.
Role Of Two-Nation Theory In The creation Of Pakistan.
A collection of principles, concepts and ideas for life on which a nation develops its civilization and traditions is called Ideology. It is that plan.of aenon of civilization and politics and sociaI life which becomes the common Ideal of a nation on the basis of the facts and events.
TWO NATION THEORY:
The theory’ which was developed in the Sub continent on the basis of circumstances and the events in which the arguments were made for the presence of two great nations in the Sub-Continent is called Two Nation Theory. According to this theory, the Hindus and the Muslims are the two big nations in the Sub-Continent which have a lot of differences in their religion, civilization, political views, social behaviour, culture and traditions. These two nations could not form a uniry in culture or political backgrounds.
The explanation of the Two Nation Theory can be cleared on taking the comparative review of the following:
(1) Islamic Ideology
(2) Ideology of the Holy Quran
(3) Ideology of Sir Syed Ahmed Khm
(4) Ideology of AIlama Iqbal
(5) Ideology of the Hindus
(6) Ideology of Quaid-e-Azam
Islam has its own philosophy of life which is based on moral values,
social laws and metaphysical conditions. In Islam, there is a comprehensive system of prayers and the philosophy of prayer which unites the followers in form of a nation. Due to this the Muslims of the Sub-Continent were also the follower of Islamic Ideology and they had a separate identity which could not combine with any other nation. This Ideology had provided them the principles of life.
Idoology Of The Holu Quran:
In the religious book of the Muslims the Holy Quran gave them a separate position on the basis of the philosophy of life, social setup, political and social outlooks. In the Holy Quran, there is a lesson of a certain procedure of prayer, the laws of economical system and inheritance of the property. Thus the life of the Muslims in the Sub-Continent was based on the Islamic creeds, therefore they appeared as a leading nation in South Asia.
Idoology of Sir syed Ahmad Khan:
Sir Syed Ahmed Khan was the fiut Muslims leader in the Sub-Continent who used the word ‘Nation” for the Muslims in the Sub-Continent. After the war of independence in 1857, the Muslims faced the cruelty and insolence of the white imperialism in South Asia, then Hindus also included with the British. Thus the Muslims were left behind in- education, politics, trade and in every field of life. In these circumstances Sir Syed Ahmed Khan advised the Muslims to establish their separate idauity so that they could carry on the struggle for the preservence of their cultnre aDd concepts in form of a nation: Thus the Muslims of the Sub-Continent started to develop their political concept and in the formation of theic own social laws as a nation in the Sub-Continent.
Idoology of Allama Iqbal:
Allama Iqbal produced a conapt of unity ~ the Muslims through his national poetry. He made realized the Muslims about the strer:gth of the (PJipjAlL HI! also made the Muslims realized their separate identity on the basis of the Ideology of life and social setup. Due to the efforts of AIlama Iqbal, a concept of nationality was developed among the Muslims
Idoology of Hindus:
The Hindus established a theory on the basis of Hindu nationality and it was founded according to the state of India. According to this theory, the every individual who is the citizen of India will be taken as Hindu, and there is only one nation is present in India not two and this one nation is “The Hindu Nation’. Pandat Javahir Lal Nehru and Mahatma Gandhi .;vere great leaders of the Hindus. Pandat Nehru made a claim, that there were only two powers in India one was the Congress and other was the dominated party of the British. Mahatma Gandhi favouted the nationalism of the Hindus and said that India is a cow mother which could not be divided into two parts
Idoology Of Quaid-e-Azam:
Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali jinnah presented a separate identity of the Muslims in accordance with the Islamic Ideology of life. He replied openly the challenge of the Hindu leader Pandat Nehru and said there is a -third power was also present in India except the two powers and the third power was the Muslims. He proved with arguments that the Muslin!s in the Sub-Continent was a separate nation from the Hindus on the basis their culture. civilization. dress and history.
THE DEVELOPMENT Of TWO NATION THEORY:
Sir Syed Ahmed Khan was the first Muslims leader in the Sub-Continent who used the word “Nation” for the Muslin1Sof South Asia. Mter Sir Syed Ahmed Khan a number of Muslim leaders of the Sub-Continent like Abdul Halirn Sharar. Maulana Muhammad Ali Jauhar. Chaudhry Rahmat AIi. Allama Iqbal, Liaquat Ali Khan and Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah also declared that the Muslims were a separate nation. The British were very much uncomfortable with the Hindu Muslim controversy and wanted a political settlement of the problem. In order to provide a platform to the people to express their feelings, a political party named “Indian National Congress” was established by an English man Allan Octavian Hume (A.O. Hume) in 1885. In the beginning the Muslims also joined this party but the Hindus joined this party in large numbers and soon it become a party of the Hindus. In the result of this circumstance, the Muslims also formed a separate political party for them named “All India Muslim League
IMPORTANCE Of TWO NATION THEORY:
There is a great importance of Two Nation Theory in the establishment of Pakistan but it is also said that this theory provided the foundation for the establishment of Pakistan. The Muslims were appeared as a nation in the Sub-Continent on the basis of this Two Nation Theory and they started struggle for their separate homeland. The importance of Two Nation Theory can be explained for the establishment of Pakistan as following
Q.19 Define swiety and discuss its importance.
For Answer See Q.No. 17 in Solved Paper Civics 2011
Q.20 When and why did the “All India Muslin. League” came
into being? Explain.
Foundation of the Muslim League:
The events of the Partition of Bengal convinced the Muslims that their rights and interests could not be safe guarde without a political party. The British government declared tha they would introduce new political and constitutional reforms in India. In such conditions, a political party of the Indian Muslims was all the more necessary. The Indian National Congress could not -be expected to defend Muslim interests. Conseqnent ly, several Muslim leaders, like Nawab Saleemullah of Dacca, the Agha Khan, Nawab Viqar-ul-Mulk and others, assembled at Dacca on 3th of December, 1906, under the chairmanship of Nawab Viqar-ul-Mulk to attend the All-India Muhammadan Educational Conference. They decided to form a separate political party to represent Muslim interests. It was named All-India Muslim League. Its aims ~h:.l were.
(i) to create a sense of loyalty among Muslims for British Government.
(ii) to safeguard the political rights and welfare of the Indian Muslims.
(iii) to present their demands before the British Government, and
(iv) to check the growth of harmful ideas among the Muslims
The formation of the Muslim League evoked mixed feelings. “The Englishman: Through it would provide an effective answer to the Congress, as well as afford an avenue for the pu1:’k’.\tion of Muhammadan aspirations. On the century, The BensaJes-, criticized the league and its organizers and predicted that “it,-will, if it seeks to fulfill its mission, fraternize with the Congress, and eventually coalesce with it. If not, it will go the way of the patriotic Association of the late Sir Syed Ahmad.” The League held its first annual session at Karachi on December 29-30, December, 1907. Though the Indian Muslims had now a political party of their own, it did -not, however, become a dynamic force in their national life for the next twenty i~ars. This was mainly due to the weak leadership of the League, It was only when Moharr.mad Ali Jinnah in 1936 assumed the leadership of the Mu~lim League that it became a dynamic: national organization of the Muslims.
Q.21 Write notes on any TWO of the following?
Five sentences on Information Technology are following.
(i) Information technology helps in quick exchange of the news and the events of current affairs in the whole world.
(ii) Trade can be made more extensive with the help of information technology.
(iii) It is a source of providing quick awareness about the changing world.
(iv) It is proved highly beneficial both in war and peace.
(v) direct. link is produced of the government with different nostrums due to information technology thus an effective system of control can be established.
Importance and Objectives of a Family:
Family is an important institution. It has special importance among all socities of the world due to its duties and objectives. Family helps in the growth of human race. The safety of human race is due to the presense of family. The families which do not take part in the growth of race and considered fail with -respect to social organization. Family helps in nursing and care of children. The food provisions and education with training is the responsibility of family. thus family plays an important role in the development of children.
Family also plays an important role in the transfer of culture from generation to generation. The social traditions. ceremonies and values are developed through family. thus culture is inherited from one generation to another generation through family. Family is responsible for the education and training for children. It is an institution of non-formal education. Children get the opportunites of initial education which produce effects on their further life. Family also fulms the responsibility of the economic needs of the members. The members of the family co-operate each other in obtaining the needs of daily life and produce ne resouces of using fore-existing resources. Noble qualities among children are produced due to the presence of the family. Chil~re~ ~arn love. devotion. sacrifice and sympathy with each other. they .are ~50 Inclined to show co-operation. Family helps in the completion and ~atlsfactJon of the ~ants .of children. Food. shelter and dothes are provided to children through fanuly.
This produces tl:te sense of responsibility and services to their parents. Family hel~s children in achieving social adjustment. Children get confidence due to their family and they make their own social contacts they get oppurtunities for making progress
Problems Of Pakistan After Creation:
Pakistan came into being on August 14. 1947 for the practical implementation of Islamic Civilizatibn in the Sub-Continent. The government of India Act-1935 was applied after making some ameridments to run the administrative affairs. The Quaid-e-Azarn Muhammad Ali Jinnah became the first governor general while Liaquat Ali Khan was elected as the first Prime Minister. After the establishment of PakiVan, this newly born state faced many. administrative, political and international problems. The problems needing immediate attention at the time of the creation of Pakistan are following.
(I) Demarcation of Boundaries:
According to the 3rd June plan, two commission were appointed for the demarcation of boundaries for the division of the Punjab and Bengal. Radcliff was a chairman of both commissions. Radcliff showed dishonesty and misused his power and handed over Muslim majority areas like Murshidabad, Gudaspur, Batala and Shakargadh to India.
(II) Accession Of The State:
According to Cabinet Mission Plan 1946, the heads of the princely states were advised that they had the option to accede either to India or to Pakistan or to remain independent after the consideration of communal composition and the geographical location of their states. Accordingly Bahawalpur, Lasbella, Makran, Kalat and the states of N.W.F.P joined P;UUstan. In addition, the states Junagadh, Manawadar and Mangral announced their accession to Pakistan but India attacked on these states and forcibly occupied them. The state of Jammu and Kashmir was the most important Princely State of the Sub-Continent. Its one-thousand kilometers long boundary runs along Pakistani border. The community of Kashmir wanted accession to Pakistan. Radcliff showed maximum dishonesty and handed over the district Gurdaspur to India.
(III) Uprooting of the muslims:
With the announcement of the establishment of Pakistan, the uprooting of the Muslims, started in the Hindu majority areas. The sikhs flew into passion with the accession of 62 percent part of the Punjab to Pakistan. They started massacre of the Muslims. Thousands of cravans going towards Pakistan had to take refugees in the camps. In this blood shed millions of the Muslims were martyred in the East Punjab.
(iv) Settlement Of Refuges:
There are short resources in Pakistan that time, many difficulties ,were faced in making the administration. The government of Pakistan was norjwell established that the Hindus and the Sikhs under the well planned policy started anit-social Muslim riots in the whole India. Particularly in ‘the East Punjab and West Bengal. Millions of innocent Muslim men, women, children young and old were mercilessly killed. Several hundred thousands of wounded destitute and hungry people arrived daily into Pakistan. Food, shelter, medicines, permanent settlement and employment of these refugees had to be required bringing further constraint on resources.
(v) Administrative problems:
There was 110 central government at the time of the establishment of Pakistan, the resources were very short even many difficulties were present to manage a common government office. Many offices of the central government were established in barracks due to the shortage of accommodation.
(vi) Economic Problems
Pakistan had to face many economic problems because it was the policy of the British that the Muslim Majority regions would not develop properly. After the partition those areas which were included to pakistan which were also backward with respect to agriculture and industry wise. The condition of means of transportation and communication was very critical. Telephone exchanges and radio stations were very short as compared to the needs of country. The banks were also short .