Section “A” Multiple Choice Question (M.C.Qs)
Choose the correct answer for each from the given option.
Section “B” Short Question Answer
Q.2 Define the civics in the Word of E.M white
The definition of Civics as given by E.M. White is following:
“The useful branch of human knowledge which deals everything’ relating to a citizen, past. present and future.”
Write five sentences of Pak-Iran relationship?
Pie sentences on Pakistan relations with Iran are followings:
(l) Pakistan and Iran both are cultural countries. The foreign policies of two countries are helpful to one another’ In international relations.
(ii) The boundary of Pakistan and Iran is nearly about 590miles talks began in 1950 to settle the boundaries of the two country and a boundary agreement was ultimately settle in 1959 and documents ware exchanged in 1960 pakistan returned an area of 360 square miles under this agreement.
(iii) Pakistan, lran and Turkey settled Baghdad agreement with Iraq in 1~55. Iraq detached from this agreement after July 1959 and thil agreement was named as CENTO.
(iv) Baghdad agreement was settled among Pakistan. Iran and Turkey with Iraq In 1955. Regional co-operation (or development wa. e.tabUlhed. In January, 1985 ita name was changed to organization of Economic Corporation on the requeat o( Iran.
(v) Iran has alwaya supported Pakistan on Kashmir II.ue. In the United NadoDl also the vote of Iran was In favour of Pakistan. Iran also brlmfully aided Pakistan In 1965 and’ 1971 Incio-Pak wars.
Q.4 Write five merits of dictatorship?
Five merits of dictatorship are following.
(1) All the power a in dictatorship are with one man only,10 It I. a table fonn of government.
(ii) In the state of emergency or in the time of crises dictatorship 11 a very effective government.
(ill) In dictatorship, able and hone.t Individuals are appointed In podcast and administrative positions.
(Iv) Special attention il paid to Inertia military force and country defense In dictatorship to major portion ef budget is lpent on salutatory organization and defense requirements.
(v) As there is poetical Illimitable In dictatorship 10 better planning for economic progress can be done.
Write down a few sentences on violation of Human Rights?
Four sentences on the violation of Human Rights are following,
(i) The violation of basic human rights is seen common every where because there is no force of enforcing the chaner of human rights. .
(ii) The Universal Declaration of Human Rights il only related to ethics. It haa no power by law therefore nations and powerful ltate. openly violate human rights.
(iii) Extreme violation of human rights is being continue In
more than hundred countries of the world.
(iv)The government. of many countries do not reveal the Detail of their political.
(v) Doctorial law are enforced, the powers of Judiciary are made Umlted. Restrictions are enforced on the freedom of media, re.pee.table citizens are arrested· without any reason
Q.6 Write five characteristic of the constitution of 1965?
Five characteristic of the constitution of 1965 are following.
(i) It was a written constitution. It preamble preamble comprised 234 sections and six volumes.
(ii). It was semi-flexible constitution and two-third majority of national assembly was authorized to amend It.
(iii) The country was declared as Islamic Democratic Prepuce of Pakistan.
(iv) Parliamentary form of government was suggested In Pakistan accordions to this constitution.
(v) Urdu and Bengali were declared official language. of Pakistan.
Q.7 Give the definition of nation as given by lord bryce?
The definition of Nation as given by Lord Bryce Is following:
“Nation is such nationality which has organized its self in political sence and whether it exists with its own freedom or has a desire of acquiring freedom.”
Q.11 Write down any five function of the Executive?
Five dude. of Executive are following.
(1) The most important duty of Executive h the implementation of law in the state. Beside It also has administrative powers.
(ii) The Executive fulfills defense duties. It command. the armed force powers are tremendously Increased during war circumstances.
(iii) The Executive discharges diplomatic duties. The Executive represents its country while establishing relation. with foreign countries It enters Into trade and diplomatic agreement with other countries and also appoints diplomatic .
(iv) The executive In some state.,·also perform. finance dude It prepare. budget obtain Its approval and maintain complete account of Income and expenditure on approved heads
(v) The Executive also discharged some court or Judiciary duties. department, the law and juice supervene the judiciary.
Q.12 Write down the Rights and duties of citizens according to the constitution 1973.
The Rights Of Citizens
According to the Constitution of 1973. the rights of denizens are following.
The rights that belongs to everyday Life are called Social Right•• These right In dude. right of life. right of marriage. right effusion. right of ownership. right of freedom of speech. right of freedom of vote.·riot of freedom of movement,. right of union . organization, Ishtar of equality, Ishtar of security in foreleg countries and shutoff sensual and culture. All these right are provided to the denizen of Pantaloon accordions to the Constitution· of 1973
Such rights which protect the economic interests and economic freedom of individuals in a State are called Economic Right.. Economic right. Include the right of earning Livelihood, right of property and “righto working hours. All these economic, right are given to the denizen. of Pakistan
The Duties Of Citizen
According to the Constitution -of 1973, the dudes of denizen are following.
(1) Loyalty with the state is the legal duty of every citizen. Every denizen mu.t be ready to make any sacrifice for the defense of the state.
(ii) To obey the law and constitution of the state Is the duty of every denizen.
(iii) Payment of taxes i. the legal duty of every denizen because welfare workfare Carlyle out by tax payment
(iv) The right UM of the right to vote Is the legal duty of every denizen, therefore every denizen, mu.t be well aware of the
worth of hit or her vote.
(v) Cooperation with the ruler. 1. the legal duty of every cauterization without the cooperation of the citizens.
(ii) Trade can be made more extensive with the help of Information Technology.
(iii) It is a source of providing quick awareness about the changing world
(iv) It has been proved highly beneficial both in war and peace.
(v) A directly link Is produced of the government with different Institution. due to Information Technology an effective system of control can be established.
Section “C” Detailed Question Answer
Q.17 Write down the important principle of the foreign policy Pakistan?
The Important Principle Of The Foreign Policy Pakistan:
The Important principles of the foreign Policy of Pakistan are following.
Independent Foreign Policy
From very beginning Pakistan has acted upon Independent foreign policy. It has strictly followed the principle inspire of international tide In the beginning Pakistan entered into agreements like SEATO and Downtown the we.tern countries But the freedom and autonomy of Pakistan was Hun because the.e agreement., 10 Pakistan detached from these agreements after the 1971 indo-PakWar
Protection of Freedom and Sovereignty
The fundamental principle of Pakistan’s foreign policy is that the freed and Sovereignty of the country be kept Pakistan II made 10 strong that It could take ever kind of Internal and external dangers. Pakistan is in the forefront in launching campaign against the u.e of power by recognizing the United Nation’s Charter. Pakistan has equipped all of its three armed force. with the mo.t modem ana. and has executed a successful atomic explosion on May28, 1998
Close Relation with Muslim Countries
Pakistan has always made efforts to establish peaceful relations with it. neighboring countries. So Pakistan is strongly connected to SAARC. Pakistan has taken utmost part in the formation building and development of their institution. Pakistan provide. 25 percent for the SAARC Secretariat.
Avoiding From the Politics of Super-Power
Pakistan has always avoided the politics of Super.Power. Pakistan doe. not believe in the principle that in order to phue one big power, relation. from the other luper power be made exploit. So, Paklltan ha. kept iu relation. e.tabUlbed with .11 . super powers. America is a big friend of Pakistan. there are also friendly relations with China ‘and other counties .
Q.18 Describe the brief history of the local government in Pakistan?
Such an organization in any state which II established with legal powers to control the administration on recessional level remaining connected to the central and provincial government administratively divides the cities, towns, village. and rural areas lo to many part. due to which better opportunists of social discipline and development are created.
History of Local Government In Pakistan:
Q.21 Write note on any two of the following.
Merits Of Democracy: