Civics (general group) Solved Past Paper 10th Class 2014 Karachi Board

SECTION “A” MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTION. (M.C.Q.)

Q.1 Choose the correct answer for each from the given options

(i) The annual meeting of Muslim league was held in:
(a) August 1940 A.D.
(b) December 1930A.D.
(c) December 1960 A.D.
(d) November 1877 A.D.

(ii) Quaid-e-Azam presented the following points in response to die Nehru report:
(a) 12
(b) 16
(c) 13
(d) 14

(iii) This constitution is cancelled by the president’Sorder of 17th October 1958:
(a) Constitution 1973
(b). Constitution 1956
(c) Constitution 1962
(d) Constitution 1935

(iv) India tested its 2nd nuclear blast in:
(a) May 1974
(b) May 1998
(c) June 1985
(d) October 1996

(v) According to population, it is the largest country of the world:
(a) Pakistan
(b) India
(c) Bangladesh
(d) China

(vi) In this constitution a condition has been impose for president and prime minister to be Muslim:
(a) Constitution, 1973
(b) Constitution, 1956
(c) Constitution, 1962
(d) Constitution, 1935

(vii) The first governor general of Pakistan was:
(a) Liaquat all khan
(b) Allama Iqbal
(c) Quaid-e~.Azam
(d) Sir Syed Ahmed khan

(viii) The founder of two nation theory:
(a) Sir Syed Ahmed Khan
(b) Liaquat All khan
(c) Allama Iqbal
(d) Quaid -e-Azam

(ix) It decides the matters as per the law made by legislature:
(a) Parliament
(b) judicituy
(c) Executive
(d) Government

(x) Islam has divided the rights in the following kinds:
(a) 3
(b) 4
(c) 2
(d) 5

(xi) The First World War was started from:
(a) 1938 A.D.
(b) 1917 A.D
(c) 1943 A.D
(d) 1939 A.D

(xii) The wordCivic has been derived from the Latin word:
(a) Civis
(b) des
(c) civitas
(d) civit

(xiii) Concept of state is impossible without:
(a) Population
(b) Territory
(c) Government
(d) Sovereignty

(xiv) It has the basic position in social life:
(a) An individual
(b) Family
(c) Parents
(d) Forefather

(xv) The most comprehensive definition of the state is given by:
(a) Garner
(b) Laski
(c) Gettell
(d) Gilchrist

(xvi) Telecommunication has turned the world into a:
(a) Village
(b) City
(c) Global Village
(d) Global city

(xvii) Complete and evident definition of the civics is given by:
(a) F.J. Gold
(b) Meble Hill
(c) Aristotle
(d) E.M. White

(xviii) Making laws for the state is the basic responsibility of:
(a) Legislature;
(b) “Executive
(c) Judiciary
(d) Government

(xix) Democracy is a form of government in which everybody shares. It is defined by:
(a) Abraham Lincoln
(b) Prof. Seley
(c) Hayes
(d) Lord Bryce

(xx) UNO established a commission for human rights  comprising the following members:
(a)  12
(b) 18
(c) 16
(d) 13

SECTION “B” SHORT QUESTION ANSWER

Q..2 Defines Civics in the words of F.J. Gold.
Definition of Civics

The definition of civics in the words of F.J. Gold is following:

“Civics is the study of local institutions, habits, activities and emotions by which every citizen male or female may perform duties and select the membership of any political organization”.
(F.J Gold)

Q.3 write jive sententies on Pak-c:hina relationship.
Pak-China Relatonship

Five sentences on Pak-China relationship are following:

(i)The Republic of China IS neighbouring country of Pakistan. Chine always supports to Pakistan’s issue at every occassion especially on the issue of Kashmir.
(ii) “Heavy Mechanical Complex” at Taxila Was established on January, 1963 with the cooperation of China.
(iii) China has established many trade agreement with Pakistan. The relations between the two countries are considered very good

Q..4 Write Five demerits of democracy.
Demerits of Democracy:

Five demerits of democracy are following:

(i) In democracy, every person is considered able and mentally fit thus people win elections by making false propaganda.
(ii) In democracy, a lot of money is spent on the occassion of elections.
(iii) Democracy is a weak and lazy government because the government is formed with mutual cooperation.
(iv) In democracy, the majority winning party has common responsibility, thus the members show laziness to fulfill their individual responsibilities.
(v) In democracy every party has its own political plan but the winning party makes plan according .to its own planning, these continuous planning cannot be possible. .,

Q..5 Write five main characteristics of the constitution of 1962. .
Main characteristics of the constitution of 1962
Five main characteristics of the constitution of 1962 are following:

(i) It was a written constitution consisted 250 articles and four schedules with thirty-one codes of Martial-Law.
(ii) It was a rigid constitute only two third majority of the National Assembly could make an amendment in it.
(iii) The Objective Resolution-1949 was included in the permeable of the constitution.’
(iv) The presidential form of government was introduced iIt it.
(v) The system of basic democracies was made part of the constitution.

Q.6 Give the definition  of society ass given by Green.
Definition of society .
The definition of society as given by Green is following:
“Society and individuals both are like a sport. As t~ playground is important for. the players just like that individuals and society both. are interrelated. ” (Green)

Q.7 Write five objectives of an Islamic state.
The Objectives of an islamic state

Five objectives of an Islamic State are following:

(i) The first and the foremost objective of.an Islamic State is to establish the sovereignty of Allah.
(ii) Islamic State imposes the laws according to the Holy and the Sunnah of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.).
(iii) Islamic state establishes peace, justice and supremacy of law. ”
(iv) Islamic state establishes the system of Zakat and Salat,
(v) Islamic state tries to create growth of brotherhood among
millat-e-Islamia.

Q.8 write down any five function of Judiciary.
The function of Judiciary
Five sentences of the functions of judiciary are following;

(i) The section of government in state by which people receive justice in their affairs is called Judiciary. A direct relation of people is established with law through judiciary.
(ii) The judiciary explains and implements the different laws of the state ..
(iii) The judiciary protects the liberty and rights of citizens in a state.
(iv) The judiciary protects the constitution in democratic countries.
(v) The judiciary has a power that it can issue an order to step the wrong steps.

Q.9 write down the definition of a Muslim according to the constitution of 1973.
The Definition of Muslim

The definition of a Muslim according to the constitution of 1973 is following:

“A person who has an implicit faith in the o~ss of Allah and in the prophethood of Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upon him) as the last
prophet of Allah wiU be considered a Muslim. ~ Q..10 .Write down any five qwditie. of good ~laip. Ans: TIleQu”””,, .1 GoocIelfl…. ” Five qualities of good citizenship. are following:

(i) Intelligence is the quality of good citizenship. A power of thinking and understanding is to be present- in Iigood ~.zen 50 ~ true representatives could be selected.
(ii) Control of desires is also a” quality of good citizenship_ A ” good citizen has a merit to control the desire by wbi broad seue is adopted in political field
(ill) Honesty is a quality of good citizenship. A good citizen not only earns the rights and duties in personal matters but performs the duties honestly on country wide and international basis.
(iv) Patriotism is a unique quality of good citizenship. A good citizen always remains loyal to the country and nation.
(v) Obedience of law is a quality of good citizenship. A good citizen always obey and respect the laws imposed by the state

Q.14 Write five sentences on Kashmir Issue.
The Kashmir Issue

Five sentences about the Kashmir Issue are following:

(i) Kashmir is the word “K”in Pakistan, this valley is located in the Northern region of the sub-continent. The Hindu Raja of Kashmir announced the accession of Kashmir to India on October 27, 1947.
(ii) India presented the Kashmir Issue iri the Security Council of the U.N.O. in 1947 A.D. for the first time.
(ill) The Muslims were in majority in Kashmir and they wanted the accession of Kashmir to Pakistan.
(iv) Kashmir Issue is the great obstacle in establishing better relations between India and Pakistan.
(v) Pakistan and India both are doing efforts that Kashmir Issue is to be solved through negotiation and mutual agreements.

Q.15 Write five sentences of Pak-Iran relationship.
Pak-Iran Relationship

Five sentences on Pak-Iran relationship are following:

(i) Iran is Muslim country has a common border with Pakistan. Iran was the first which accorded its recognition to Pakistan after independence.
(ii) The first Prime Minister of Pakistan visited Iran in 1950.
(ill) .Pakistan and Iran sought the membership of Baghdad Pact in 1955 which is known as CENTO. Pakistan left CENTO in 1979 and because the member of Non-Aligned Movement.
(iv) Pakistan and Iran are the members of R.C.D. which has concluded between Turkey, Pakistan and Iran. on July 21, 1964. The R.C.D. has now converted into Economic Cooperation Organization (E.C.O.).

(v) Iran always supported Pakistan on Kashmir and other political issues. An agreement was signed between Iran and Pakistan about the road transportation on July 28, 1987.

Q.16 Write down the definition of Two-Nation theory
definition of Two-Nation theory

A theory which made two nations in the Sub-continent with their role and identity is called Two-Nation Theory. These two nations were the Hindus and the Muslims who passed their lives together for hundred of years but they could not mix in each . other due to their different religious ideologies and social system. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan was the first Muslim leader who used tl,le. term “Nation” for the Muslims of the sub-continent because of their separate religious entity and culture.

SECTION “C” DETAILED ANSWER QUESTION 

Q.17 Define civics and describe its scope.
Civics
The social science that deals with all aspects of life of citizens and the people get knowledge about their rights and duties is called “Civics”.
(i) According to Mabil Hill, Civics is the study of institutions, municipal corporations, cities, towns, provinces, provincial governments, central government, political institutions and religious instititutions.
(ii) According to E.M. White, Civics is the useful branch of human knowledge which deals with everything related to a citizen past, present and future.

The Scope of Civics
The subject matter of the study of civics is related to all the aspects of human life. The study of civics gives complete information from the rights and duties of citizens of the state, social distributions, political institutions and religious institutions. The. knowledge of civics manages the lives of citizens and produces noble qualities among them by which they can pass their lives within discipline. The knowledge of civics helps in becoming a good citizen thus the scope of civics can be describe  as following:

(i) Rights and Duties
The knowledge of civics gives information about different rights and the procedure of obtaining rights in a state and also explains the responsibilities of citizens for the state. The opportunities for the determination of rights and duties are produced by the study of civics. When the individuals of a state become aware of the state is their own welfare then they begin to construct their personality

(ii) Noble Qualities
The knowledge of civics explain that the noble qualities like intelligence, controlling of desires, honesty and patriotism should be necessary for good citizens. After the complete awareness of the rights and duties, the citizens of a state try to prove them as good citizens.

(iii) Discipline
The knowledge of civics provides information about the usefulness of keeping discipline. The; atmosphere of peace and safety cannot be achieved without discipline and the society does not make progress without peace and comfort, thus people become habitual to follow discipline after the study of civics.

(iv) Knowledge about Different Institutions
The study of civics gives knowledge about different institutions relating with the information of rights and duties. Social institutions, religious institutions, cultural institutions, political institutions, family and welfare organizations etc.

(v) Ethics
The study of civics is useful knowledge about the determination of rights and duties. It gives the sense of respect of law among the citizens and make clear the difference between good and evil, thus the study of civics builds the character of citizens and help in establishing good standard of moral values.

(vi) .System of Government
The study of civics gives a complete description about the central government and other types of sub-governments in which provincial governments, city governments, district governments, town system etc. are included. Thus the citizens get knowledge about the government and the sections of government in their state.

Q.18 Explain the meanings of democracy. Also describe its merits and demerits.
Democracy
A form of government in which the representatives are chosen by the common public through their votes is called Democracy.
(i) According to Abraham Lincoln Democracy is a government of the people, by the people and for the people.
(ii) According to Professor Diley, democracy is a form of government in which legislature consists on entire nation.
(iii) According to Lord Byce, Democracy is a form of government in which majority of the people’s representatives enjoys the power and really rules the country .

Merits Of Democracy
The merits of democracy can be described as following:

(i) In Democracy individuals enjoy political, economical and social freedom. Every individual of the society avails equal opportunity of utilizing his or her skills and abilities.
(ii) Democracy forms a responsible government which is accountable before the nation, so the government elected as a result of democracy keeps the interests of public in first place.
(iii) In Democracy people take interests and interfere the affairs of the state and keep an eye on the acti ities of the parliamentarians and other government officials.Democracy thus trains people and creates awareness of the politics among them.
(iv) A sense of tolerance develops and grows among people in democracy. In democracy people have to listen to the differences of the opinions with patience and try to convince each other with solid arguments.
(v) In Democracy change of the government takes place peacefully at the end of its tenure. However, a government may come to end if it loses its confidence among people.
(vi) Democracy develops patriotism, sacrifice and tolerance among people so as to make them able to live prosperous and happy life. Moreover, in Democracy being of some political opinion people cooperate each other arid develop a sense of patriotism. .

Demerits Democracy

The demerits of democracy can be described as following:
(i) Although it is understood that in democracy wise and intelligent people rule the state, but it also exist there that some wealthy and powerful incompetent people capture the seats in assemblies and parliament and cause a great loss to the country, so Democracy is considered as the government of Incompetent people.
(ii) Apparently in democracy the party that acquires majority in elections forms the government. But the majority is seldom like real majority. Mostly the party that acquires majority forms governments with the cooperation of the smaller parties.
(iii) In Democracy the candidates spend millions of rupees in election compaigns and after winning the elections they recover all their expenses by means of corruption. The ruling party fulfill the right and wrong demands of its allies . and appoints even corrupt people as ministers. This situation not only causes financial loss to the country but also bring misery and difficulties in the life of common people .
(iv) In Democracy the government is said to be a weaker government. It is also considered lazy. It cannot take many positive steps in time just because of the fear. of opposition by its own allies. Many important descisions are not taken and laws are not passed in time or delayed just in the benefits of the selfish allies of the government.
(v) In Democracy most of the task comes under common responsibilities of many persons or departments, therefore
individuals do not take imitative and leave the responsibilities on other shoulders. This attitude creates ‘ problems in different jobs and delay in many works.
(vi) The most noted demerit of Democracy is that every new government abandons the programmes’ of the previous government. Every new government applies its new plans
and starts new projects of its own interest.

Q.19 Right and duties are reciprocal. Discuss in detail.
Relationship between Rights and Duties

Rights and duties are reciprocal, it means there is a close connection between rights and duties. It is true that rights and
duties are reciprocal to each other because one’s right is automatically responsibility or duty to any other person and in the  same way one’s duty is a right for the others. Therefore there must be a balance between rights and duties of the citizens. If any imbalance occurs it can create restlessness in the society. This is why rights and duties are called two sides of a coin. If we enjoy freedom of expressing our opinion then we must not stop others from expressing their opinions. The rights of citizens allow them to play their part in promoting mental, physical and ethical activities. Citizens must use their rights with wisdom and honesty so as to allow others to perform their duties and avail rights. They must’ elect the right and honest candidates in election to run the affairs of the state so as to bring about peace and prosperity in the society. If the right leadership is elected in the election to run the affairs of the state, it can put the train of the country on the right track of progress and prosperity. In the same way all our leaders are bound to discharge their duties honestly. They must eliminate the corruption from the leadership and save the country and the people from every
kind of injustice. In brief, if the rights are utilized in true means, it must be done to perform the duties with honesty and loyalty.

Q.20 Write down the important principles of the foreign policy of Pakistan.
important Principles of the Foreign Policy of Pakistan
For answer see Q.17 Section “C”in Solved Paper Civics – 2013

Q.21 Write notes on any two of the following:
Lahore Resolution 1940 A.D

The Muslims in the Sub-Continent demanded for a separate state in that annual meeting of the Muslim League held on March 23, 1940 at Lahore. This Resolution is known as Lahore Resolution – 1940. At this occassion the resolution was passed which was presented by Maulvi A.K. Fazal-ul-Haq, It was decided in this resolution that all those regions in which the Muslims are in majority would be united independently. In these units not only the rights of the Muslims would be protected but the rights of minorities would also be protected.

After the approval of Pakistan Resolution, the Muslim made their struggle fast, thus an opportunity was provided to the Muslims for their union on a platform. After the acceptance of this resolution, a clear goal was achieved for the struggle and the Muslims accelerated their struggle. Due to this Muslim League became stable as the representative party of the Muslims. Thus, this resolution proved to be a foundation in getting a separate homeland for the Muslims.

(ii) Difference between Right and Duties
Rights are the deman({s of citizens that a state accepts and gives them for their welfare and well being. The rights are compulsory for social life without which human personality cannot built perfectly. A state is the protector of rights of the citizens but it also binds the citizens to discharge some duties. Duties are the responsibilities. State binds the citizens so as to make the society and atmosphere peaceful. Rights and duties are reciprocal, duty of one is the right of other and vice versa. To live peacefully is the right of every citizen. In the same way, to let other live peacefully is the duty of every citizen.

(iii) Information Techonology
Information Technology is an innovation in the field of telecommunication. Due to Information Technology, data can be transferred to thousand kilometres away through internet. The importance of Information Technology has been recognized inPakistan. Investment has started on priority. Computer Hardware and Software are being prepared. Seven universities of Information Technology are being established out of which five in
public sector and two in the private sector. Two universities namely “COSMATS” and “FAST” have started functioning. Information Technology has been extended to over four thousand educational institution. The future of Information Technology is very bright in Pakistan

Posted on December 19, 2015 in 10th Class 2014 Karachi Board Past Papers

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