SECTION -A- MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS (M.C.Qs)
SECTION -B- SHORT QUESTIONS ANSWER
Q.2 Define Civics in the words of E.M. White.
Definition of Civics In the Words of E.M. White
The definition of Civics as given by E.M. White is following.
“The useful branch of human knowledge which
deals everything relating to a citizen’s past,
present and future: (E.M.White)
Q:3 Write down a few sentencs on violation of human rights
The Violation Of Human Rights:
The Violation of human rights can be described as following.
(i) The violation of basic human rights is seen common everywhere because there is .no force of enforcing the charter of human rights.
(ii) “The Universal Declaration of Human Rights” is only related to ethics. It has no power by law, therefore strong nations and the powerful states openly violate human rights.
(iii) Extreme violation of human rights is being continue in more than hundred countries of the world.
(iv) The government of many countries do not reveal the details of their political cases.
(v) As there is political stability in dictatorship, therefore dictorial laws are enforced, the powers of judiciary are made limited. Restrictions are enforced on the freedom of media and the respectable citizens are arrested without any reason
Q.4 Give the definition of Nation as given by Lord Bryce
definition of Nation by Lord Bryce:
The definition of “Nation” as given by Lord Bryce is following.
“Nation is such nationality which has organized itself in political sense and whether it e~ists with its own freedom or has a desire of acquiring freedom. (Lord Bryce)
Q.5 Write five elements of Nationality.
The Elements Of Nationality:
Five elements of Nationality are following.
(i) Common Race
(ii) Common Residence
(iii) Common Language
(iv) Common Culture
(v) Common Religion
Q.6 Write five duties of Non-Muslims citizen.
Write Duties Of Non-Muslim Citizen:
Five duties of Non-Muslim citizen are following.
(i) It is the duty of a non-Muslim citizen to remain loyal to the state.
(ii) It is the duty of a non-Muslim citizen to pay ‘:Jizya” and other kinds of taxes.
(iii) It is the duty of a non-Muslim citizen to avoid the use of all those things openly which are unlawful according to the teachings of Islam.
(iv) It is, the duty of a non-Muslim citizen to playa role in the progress and stability and takes the enemies of the state as his own enemies.
(v) It is the duty of a non-Muslim citizen to stop himself from being involved in destructive activities.
Q.7 Describe briefly different kinds of rights.
The Kinds of Right:
Different kinds of Rights are following .
(i) Social Rights
The rights that belong to everyday life are called Social Rights. These include right of life, right of marriage, right of religion, right of ownership, right of freedom of speech, right of freedom of vote, right of union organization, right of equality, right of security in foreign countries and right of language and culture.
(ii) Political Rights
The rights due to which a citizen can show the political and administrative affairs of the state are called Political Rights. Political rights include the right to casting vote, right of criticism and the right of the formation of a political party
(iii) Economic Rights
Such rights which protect the economic interests and economic freedom of individuals in a state are called Economic Rights. Economic rights include the right of earning livelihood, right of property and right of working hours.
Q.8 Describe the relations of Pakistan and Afgluinistan.
The Relations of Palelstan and Afghanistan
The relation of Pakistan and Afghanistan can be described as following.
(i) Pakistan established relations with Afghanistan in 1948 and provided the economy the facilities of import and export through Karachi Seaport.
(ii) During 1954-55, when Pakistan signed defensive agreements “SEATO” and SENTO”, the Afghanistan criticized on it. When one-unit was established in Pakistan then Afghanistan also made a hostile reaction.
(iii) An agreement for providing a trade passage to Afghanistan through Pakistan was settled between the two countries in 1958.
(iv) Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto paid a visit to Afghanistan in 1976.
(v) General Zia-ul-Haq helped the Afghan refugees during the Russian attack on Afghanistan.
Q.9 Write five sentences on Information Technology.
Five sentences on Information Technology are following.
(i)Information Technology helps in quick exchange of the news and the events of the current affairs in the whole world.
(ii) Trade can be made more extensive with the help of Information Technology.
(ill) It is a source of providing quick awareness about the changing world.
(iv) It has been proved highly beneficial both in war and peace.
(v) A direct link is produced of the government with different institutions due to Information Technology, thus an effective system of control can be achieved.
Q.10 Write five merits of dictatorship.
The Merits of Dictatorship
Five merits of Dictatorship are following.
(i)All the powers in dictatorship are concentrated with one man only, so it is a stable form of government.
(ii) In the state of emergency or in the time of crisis, dictatorship is proved to be a very effective government.
(iii) In dictatorship, able and honest individuals are appointed for working in administration of the state .
(iv) Special attention is paid to increase military force and on country defence in dictatorship.
(v) As there is political stability in dictatorship, .so better planning for economic progress is done.
Q.11 Point out five main problems of Karachi city.
The Main Problems Of Karachi City
Five main problems of Karachi City are following.
(i) .The problems of un warned load sheding of electricity, natural gas and CNG.
(ii) The problem related to the violation of the rules of traffic openly
(iii) The problems of the shortage of the supply of drinking water. ,
(iv) Unsanitary condition of sanitation on roads and streets.
(v) Street crimes, terrorism and targeted killings with political disintegration.
Q.12 Write down the rights and duties of citizenship in Pakistan.
The Rights and Dulles 01 Citizenship in Pakistan
The Rights of Citizens in Pakistan are classified’ as following.
(i) Social Rights
(ii) Political Rights
(iii) Economic Rights
All these rights are considered as fundamental rights and the constitution of Pakistan of 1973 A.D. assures the protection of these rights for the citizens of Pakistan. The Constitution of Pakistan of 1973 A.D. also gives a description of the duties of the citizens of Pakistan which can be described as following.
(i) Loyalty with the State
(ii) To Obey the Constitution and the Laws of the State
(iii) Payment of Taxes Honestly
(iv) The Use of Vote Correctly
(v) Cooperation with the Government in Welfare and Progress
Q.13 Write five functions of state.
The FunctIons of the Sfate
Five functions of the state are following.
(i) It is the main function of a state to make all arrangements for the defence of the state.
(ii) To maintain law and order with in the state is also a function of a state. It forms such laws which prevent crimes.
(iii) A state strengthens the international relations with other states .
(iv) A state takes steps for supremacy of law and makes judiciary free from any kind of pressure.
(v)A state takes every possible step for the progress of agriculture and industry
Q.14 Write five merits of democracy.
The Merits of Democracy
Five merits of Democracy are following.
In democracy, every individual of the state enjoys every kind of economic, political and social liberty .
(i) The government in democracy is elected by the public, so it takes care of public interest.
(ii) In democracy, public shares directly in the government affairs and watch the efficiency of chosen representatives.
(iii) Democracy is a system of government which expresses the educational, mental and moral characteristics of individuals.
The spirit of mutual cooperation and tolerance grow up in individuals because of democracy. Even the head of the state of government has to tolerate the criticism by an ordinary man.
Q.15 Write any five duties of judiciary.
The Duties Of Judiciary
(i)Five duties of Judiciary can be described as following. It is the section of the government which provides justice to all the members of the society without any distinction.
(ii) The Judiciary enforces and explains the laws made by the legislature.
(iii) The Judiciary protects the rights and liberty of all citizens in a state.
(iv) The Judiciary protects the constitution in democratic countries.
The Judiciary has a power that it can issue an order to stop the wrong steps.
Q.16 Briefly describe the Kashmir issue.
The Kashmir Issue
The Kashmir Issue can be described briefly as following.
(i) Kashmir is the word ‘K’ in Pakistan, this valley is located in the Northern region of the sub-continent. The Hindu Raja of Kashmir announced the accession of Kashmir to India on October 27, 1947.
(ii)India presented the Kashmir Issue in the Security Council of the U.N.O. in 1947 A.D. for the first time.
(iii) The Muslims were in majority in Kashmir and they wanted the accession of Kashmir to Pakistan.
(iv) Kashmir Issue is the great obstacle in establishing better relations between India and Pakistan
(v) Pakistan and India both are doing efforts that Kashmir Issue to be solved through negotiation and naturai agreement
SECTION “C” DETAILED ANSWER QUESTION
Q.17 Define National Integrity. How can it be developed in Pakistan?
The process of unity of different classes and groups in order to achieve common purposes is called National Unity. National Integrity provides the opportunity of getting progress of .the state. Due to national integrity, the individuals of a nation cooperate each other, thus a nation becomes strong. The Development 0′ National Integrity In Pakistan The following steps may be taken to popularize national unity in Pakistan:
(I) The right consciousness of ideology of Pakistan be created in people in Pakistan so that people may organise them selves as a nation.
(ii) It is essential for national solidarity and mutual unity that Pakistanism rather than provincialism be popularized.
(iii) Steps for popularizing democracy in Pakistan must be taken so that people get interested in national affairs.
(iv) It is essential for popularizing national unity that a stable economic system be established in Pakistan in which class contention be ended.
(v) To make education common is essential necessary for popularizing national unity because education creates consciousness due to which people are inclined towards
(vi) It is the duty of social institutions in Pakitan that they popularize total colour culture. Regional music, saintly traditions, poetry and fine arts be developed! promoted because national unity can defmitely be established by it.
(vii) For popularizing national unity means of communication, newspapers, magazines, film, radio, television etc. can play an effective role.
(viii) Efforts should be made to put an end to sectarianism in Pakistan.
(ix) It is essential for popularizing national unity that all minorities existing! living in Pakistan be provided complete security.
(x) Local and provincial games be encouraged. Thus it will help in creating national unity across Pakistan-
(xi) The government should encourage tourism becaues when people will travel/ tour different parts of the country, the spirit of national unity will be created in them.
It is necessary to work on a large scale on government and national level for national unity. It was decided in 1973 A.D.Constitution that the government will bring an end to regional, tribal and provincial bigotry and all elements bearing inclinations of creating disturbances will be discouraged. Quaid-e-Azam Said. “Religion in Pakistan will be made non-social but the society will not be made non-religious.”
(Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad All Jinnah)
Q.18 Define Civics and describe its importance in the modern age.
Civices and Importance
The social science that deals with all aspects of life of citizens and the people get knowledge about their rights and duties is called Civics.
(i) According to Mabil Hill, Civics is the study of institutions;’ municipal corporation, cities, towns, provincial governments, central government, political institutions and religious institutions.
(ii) The useful branch of human knowledge which deals with everything relating to a citizen, past, present and future.
Knowledge of Civics for Becoming a Good Citizen
The subject matter of the study of civics is related to all the aspects of human life. The study of civics gives complete information from the rights and duties of citizen of the states, social distribution, system of government, section of government. It also gives knowledge about municipal corporations, political institutions and religious institutions. The knowledge of civics manages the lives of citizens and produces noble qualities among them by which they can pass their lives within discipline and principles. The knowledge of civics helps in becoming a good citizen, this can be explained as following.
(i) Rights and Duties
The knowledge of civics gives information about different
rights and the procedure of obtaining the rights in a state and also
explains the responsibilities of citizens for the state. The
opportunities for the determination of rights and duties are
produced by the study of civics. When the individuals of a state
become aware that the welfare of the state is their own welfare
then they begin to construct their personality.
(ii) Noble Qualities
The knowledge of civics explains that the noble qualities
like intelligence, controlling of desires, honesty and patriotism
should be necessary for a good citizen. After the complete awareness of the rights and duties, the citizens of state try to prove them as good citizens.
The knowledge of civics provides information about the usefulness of keeping discipline. The atmosphere of peace and safety cannot be achieved without discipline and the society does not make progress without peace and comfort, thus people become habitual to follow discipline after the study of civics.
(iv) Knowledge About Different Institutions
The study of civics gives knowledge about different institutions relating with the formation of rights and duties. Social institutions, religious institutions, cultural institutions, political institutions, family and welfare organizations are included among these institutions.
(v)System of Government
The study of civics gives a complete description about the central government and other type of sub-government in which provincial governments, local governments, city government, district government, town systems are included. Thus the citizens get knowledge about the government and sections of government in their state.
The study of civics is useful knowledge about the determination of rights and duties. It gives the sense of respect of law among the citizens and make clear the difference between good and evil, thus the study of civics builds the character of citizens and gives help in establishing good standard of moral values.
Q..19 Describe the brief history of the local government in Pakistan.
The Brief History Of Local Government In Pakistan
For answer see Section “C” Q,.18 Solved Paper Civics – 2013
Q.20 Define society. Write down its importance.
Society and Its Importance
A sector of human knowledge which states the techniques and balanced method to fulfill human wants and desires according to the necessities is called Economics. The definitions of Economics which have been given till now state.
(i) Economics is a science of Wealth.
(ii) Economics is a science of Welfare.
(iii) Economics is a science of scarcity and choice.
Ecnomics and Experts
The definition of Economics has been given in different
ways by the experts to express their views about Economics. The Definition of Economics as given by two economists are following
(1) Definition of Alferred Marshall
“Economics is a study of mankind in the ordinary business of life, it requires how he gets his income and how he uses it. Thus it is on one side a study of wealth. and on the other side, a part of the study of man.”
(2) Definition of Professor Robbins
According to Professor Robbins, “Economics studies human behaviour ·as a relationship between ends and scarce means which
lias alternative uses.” Advantages of the Study of Economics
(i) The study of Economics produces a balance between necessities and resources by which the society can be made prosperous. Economics gives a collective revive of all natural and productive resources and also describes about their uses. .
(ii) The partial sale and purchase ofthe production obtained is called Trade. In Economics the information about all the principles and laws which are helpful for a successful trade.
(iii) The will of acquiring wealth in man is due to his necessities of life, he can only achieve the commodities of daily life by using wealth. The study of economics not only gives knowledge about earning wealth but also gives knowledge about the expenditure of wealth.
(iv) The study of Economics describes the individual and collective effort of man which are related to acquire material necessities of wealth.
(v) All those principles and rules are studied in life which are used by the peopleto acquire their food requirements and . for receiving other commodities. .
(vi) All the human efforts are included in the study of economics which are done to fulfill the requirements of peaceful life.
(vii) In Economics the knowledge is gained about all the production factors Land, Labour, Capital and Organization.
(viii) The study of economics is a powerful means of the development and prosperity of a nation. With the study of Economics, a nation becomes able to observe its national income and resources then it makes plans for the national development
Q.21 Write notes on any two of the following :
(i) islamic Provisions of the constitution Of 1973
For answer see Section “C”,Q.21 Note (iii) in Solved Paper Civics – 2013.
(ii) Elements of islamic State
For answer see Section “C”, Q.17 in Solved Paper Civics -2012.
(III) Relationship between Rights and Duties
For answer see Section “C”, Q.19 in Solved Paper Civics – 2014