SECTION “A” (MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS)
1. Choose the correct answer for each from the given options:
(i) The first 2 stages of man’s life according to Shakespeare are:
* Infant and Judge
* Schoolboy and Soldier
* Soldier and Old man
* Infant and Schoolboy
(ii) In ‘An Essay on Man’ Alexander Pope is talking about:
* good character
(iii) ‘Music When Soft Voices Die’ is a:
* romantic poem
(iv) ‘A thing of beauty is a joy forever’ is the opening line of:
* The Solitary Reaper
* Samson Agonistes
(v) In ‘Say Not the Struggle Naught Availeth’ the poet gives the example of:
* violets and roses
* the sea & the battlefield
* sunrise and smoke
* floods and smoke
(vi) The enemies of Samson were:
* the Jews
* the Christians
* the Muslims
* the Philistines
(vii) Bertrand Russell is favouring:
* the East
* the West
* the Jews
* the Christians
(viii) ‘The Day the Dam Broke’ gives us a picture of:
* human nature
(ix) The speech ‘Pakistan and the Modern World’ was delivered by Liaquat Ali Khan in:
(x) The theme of the ‘Silver Box’ is:
(xi) According to Einstein the best form of government is:
(xii) The main villain of the ‘Prisoner of Zenda’ is:
* Rupert of Henzau
* Duke Michael
* Col. Sapt
(xiii) Rudolf Rassendyll belonged to:
(xiv) Rudolf Rassendyll was aged:
(xv) The next heir to the throne of Ruritania was:
* Rudolf Elphberg
* Princess Flavia
* Duke Michael
* Rudolf Rassendyll
(xvi) Madame de Mauban wanted to marry:
* Rupert of Hentzau
* Duke Michael
* Rudolf Rassendyll
(xvii) The Jacob’s Ladder was a:
(xviii) Firtz von Tarlenheim was the:
* King’s cousin
* Flavia’s cousin
* Rassendyll’s cousin
* King’s attendant
(xix) This line ‘Heaven doesn’t always make the right men king’s is said by:
(xx) “It was raining yesterday,”can be reported as:
* It was raining the day before.
* It was raining the previous day.
* It had been raining the previous day.
* Was it raining yesterday.
SECTION ‘B’ (SHORT-ANSWER QUESTIONS)
NOTE:Answer any 10 questions
2.(i) What does Samson plan to do while performing for the Philistine leader?
ANSWER: Please see Q. 2(v) of 2014 Regular
(ii) What does Pope say about death in ‘An Essay on Man’?
ANSWER: In this poem, the author advises man to be very humble in his hope to rise and be fearful of death because death teaches us that we hold no more importance than any other creation of God. He also advises man to praise God for the two blessings (that-are ignorance of future and hope) that He has bestowed upon man. It is for these blessings that man is able to enjoy life.
(iii) Who was the Solitary Reaper and what was she doing in the cultivation field?
ANSWER: The Solitary Reaper was a Highland girl who was cutting the crop in the field in the Highlands of Scotland, and whom the poet, William Wordsworth saw in one of his long solitary walks. The girl was working by herself in a field at the bottom of the valley and was singing a beautiful song in a mysterious language. Her melodious singing, which excelled the singing of the two song-birds, was breaking the silence of the calm hills. The poet was captivated by her singing and listened to the song till she went away. It was the melody in her voice that inspired the poet to write this poem.
(iv) Give the list of things that Keats finds beautiful in ‘Endymion’.
ANSWER: Please see Q. 2(viii) of 2013 Private
(v) Give the message and examples given in ‘Say Not the Struggle Naught Availeth;.
ANSWER: The poet expresses the idea that we should never think that our efforts are useless and that they have no effect on the enemy. By giving some examples he proves that every effort has its effect, although sometimes it so happens that the result of our labor does not come out immediately; however, it does not mean that our efforts go in vain. Therefore, we should continue our efforts and continue to hope and never feel disappointed.
(vi) Why was Mrs. Oakentubb sentenced to 18 months imprisonment?
ANSWER: Once she was badly drunk and one of her cronies bet her for five pounds that she would not drive from
Stain Thorpe cross to the coast in less than fifteen minutes. It was very dangerous to do so because there were many blind bends and corners on that road, besides the rush of traffic. So Mrs. Oakentubb was driving criminally fast to win the bet, under the influence of wine. On a blind bend, to avoid a head on collision with a lorry, she turned her car on to the pavement, and just to save her own life. There she crushed two innocent pedestrians, a woman and her daughter. For that crime, she was arrested, tried in court and sentenced to serve eighteen month imprisonment.
(vii) What advice does Russell give to the Eastern countries about modern technology?
ANSWER: In the author’s opinion the Asian countries must learn a degree of mutual respect, between nations, after their sufferings at the hands of the Europeans. They should reject the wish to imitate the West, by using science and technology for making weapons of war (atomic weapons). As this would only cause destruction.
(viii) According to Liaquat AI Khan, what were the difference between the Hindus and the Muslims of India?
The main differences do the author point out between Muslims and Hindu beliefs and attitudes are as follows:
(i) The main difference is the Hindu belief in a caste system. According to this belief those at the top of the hierarchy consider it a sin to eat with the so called lower human beings or in some cases even to touch them, while the Muslims believe inthe equality of all men.
(ii) The Muslims believe in the right of private ownership for everyone, whether man or woman.
(iii) Muslims have laws of inheritance and economic institutions while the Hindu law is designed to promote the accumulation of wealth and encourage large unearned accumulation of wealth
(iv) The Muslims feared that under the Hindu domination, the culture of the Muslims may be completely wiped out.
(v) Lastly, a country which was on the whole backward, the Muslims would become economically and industrially even more backward.
(ix) What crime had Jones committed in the ‘Silver Box’?
ANSWER: The constable arrested Jones on stealing the silver box. As it was found from his coat pocket. Also, he is the husband of Mrs. Jones, who was employed in the hose from where the silver box was stolen.
(x) Where & how did rumour spread about the broken dam?
ANSWER: The author is not certain, as to how the panic started. Perhaps, it began in this manner. A man, on High Street, the main trade center, suddenly started to walk quickly towards the east. The author feels, perhaps, he was late for an appointment with his wife, at the Maramor Restaurant. So he walked at a trot. He was followed by a newsboy, in high spirits. He was followed by yet another, a portly gentleman of affairs, for some reason. This started a panic and within ten minutes, everyone on the street was shouting and screaming and running towards the east.
(xi) Which are Einstein’S ideals & which are not?
ANSWER: Einstein feels a strong sense of duty towards his fellow men because he strongly believes that our inner and outer life largely depends on the hard world of other men, dead and living. We should be grateful to those who have contributed to our welfare and we should try to repay them in the same measure as we have received, and are still receiving, so that the circle of life may continue to go on.
Einstein hates property, outward success and luxury as the objectives of life. In his opinion, people who look upon
ease and happiness as ends in themselves, debase humanity. The ideals which inspired the author are Truth, Goodness & beauty (Nature).
(xii) Give a sketch of Hans, the gardener?
Little Hans was an innocent, simple hearted and honest fellow. He was an ordinary and poor person but he had funny round face and honest and virtuous heart. He lived all by fruit in his garden. His best friend was big Hugh the Miller, Who was, though a rich man, but by nature he was very selfish and greedy. Little Hans had a very strong belief in simple life, and true, sacrificing friendship. He had very strict point of view in regard of devoted friendship and never thought about cheating or forging in this course. He was not an educated person and had little knowledge about the classical or philosophical definition of friendship but naturally he was hones and simple, so he trusted to keep friendship even at the cost of life, without calculation of profit and loss or saying a word of grievance or complaint. He loved the noble ideas of the Miller who always exploited him and never helped him in need. Poor Hans was so generous that he always tried to give everything in the name of friendship. He never troubled his head about the wealth of the Miller, but he felt a great pride of having a friend who had such noble ideas and sublime thinking about friendship. On account of his simplicity and geniality, he could not recognize the reality of the Miller and lost his own life for that sinful and abominable friend.
(xiii) How does Col. Sapt convince Rudolf Rassendyll to play the role of the king for the coronation ceremony?
Rudolf Elphberg was a carefree play-boy. He was alcohol .and ease loving person. Black Michael, the half brother of Rudolf Elphberg who wanted to ascend to the throne of Ruritania, was well aware of his weakness. He sent a bottle of rare old wine as the treat of the occasion (an informal dinner, one day before the coronation day), Rudolf Elphberg emptied the bottle quickly and soon got insensible. The.next day, Elphberg was found unconscious. Col. Sept understood the conspiracy of Black Michael that he wanted to seize the throne of Ruritania. Using his wisdom he persuaded Rassendyll to impersonate the king and attend the coronation in place of him.
(xiv) Why does Madame de Mauban help Rudolf Rassendyll?
ANSWER: Please see Q.2 (xi) of 2014 Regular
(xv) Make sentences with 5 of the following idioms:
pros and cons; in black and white; bosom friend ; at large ; ups and downs ; a dog’s life ; win laurels ; look after
(i) Pros and cons: (the positive & negative aspects)
We should consider carefully the pros and cons of the agreement.
(ii) In black and white: (in written)
The police officer ordered them to submit their complaint black and white.
(iii) Bosom friend: (very close friend)
Last year Rahim and Tayyab were at daggers drawn but now they are bosom friend.
(iv) At large; (to get freedom)
Don’t give lift to any stranger because an armed murderer is at large in this area.
(v) Ups and downs: (Periods of good and bad)
You can not settle this dispute because you don’t know ups and downs of the matter.
(vi) A dog’s life: (hard and unpleasant life)
After failing in exam, lkram is facing a dog’s life.
(vii) Win laurels: (over all champion)
After winning World Cup in ,1992 Pakistan win laurels.
(viii) Look after: (take care of)
She looks after her baby very well.
SECTION C (DETAILED-ANSWER QUESTION)
NOTE: Answer all questions.
3. Write an essay on anyone of the following topics:
Heroism is essential to sport and cricket is no exception. Boys need players to worship and so their fathers. Film stars are wonderful but all know that their world is fantasy-with players it is different. Their art is real. Today, the line dividing the rigged and the real becoming blurred and this blur-redness promise nothing for the game but an uncertain future.
Cricket, a great a gentleman’s game is shrouded in shame. It is a game stained beyond caliper measure. Every sport is allowed its inadequacies as long as intrinsically its heart is viewed as clean. However Hansie Cronje’s admission that be took money from a bookie has rocked cricket’s foundations and changed the way this game is viewed. Like a virus betting and match-fixing have seeped into crickets’ bloodstream to the point where the essence of cricket has been shattered. The foundation of cricket is its credibility and it is shaking like a leaf in a sudden storm. We ask again and again-where did talent end and the fix began? How can a gifted . team lose and lesser team win. Batsmen charge out and are bowled, bowlers, send down wides in a final over and viewers are charged up. This is cricket at its best when it stimulates the senses, but now every failure will require explanation and the authenticity of heroism will be questioned.
Match-fixing is not a new phenomenon. First time in 1979-80 it was -alleged that in the third test of the India- Pakistan series in Mumbai, the Pakistan team lost the test internationally. In 1992-93 Aussie Dean Jones claims that an Indian offered him dollar 50,000 to reveal information. Similarly in 1993, 1994, 1996, many players claimed that they were offered money either to give information to play badly and lose the game. In 1998 the Australian Cricket Board admitted that Mark Waugh and Shane Warne had given information on the pitch and weather to bookies and now in 2000 Hansie Cronje’s admission that for dollar 10,000 be passed on information to a bookie shook the world.
In fact, betting and match fixing is the illegitimate child of one-day cricket. The basic arithmetical nature of game, balls and runs and few nuances, makes one-day cricket. The basic arithmetical nature of the game balls and runs and few nuances, makes one-day cricket a gambler’s delight. The betting turnover per match in Mumbai is estimated at Rs. 400 crore and nationally it is at Rs. 1000 core. In 1984 there were only 51 one-days played worldwide, in 1999 that figure was 154. Thus the grueling schedules of these one-day series not just tire the players, it also bores them and more dangerously it makes them vulnerable to the bookies phone call. Some questions have no absolute answers. Why cricketers would sell their reputations, their careers, their team, their country is one of them? Perhaps we think that men who perform great deeds must automatically be men of fine moral fiber. We blindly place halos around men’s heads. But this is not so. In less than virtuous times why should we expect men of virtue? It is reason for cricket to take guard. Moreover, the game is awash in money and clearly not all of it clean. Cricketers are also like you and me and greed is a basic human nature. There is no full step to greed and this greed applies to every race, creed and color.
Unfortunately, the cricket administration is also at fault. It has been caught napping more than once. Much like .the International Olympic ability to turn deaf and blind to drug-taking, cricketing officialdom has slept in the hope that like a bad dream match fixing will come to an end with the batting of eyelid. In Pakistan Justice Malik Muhammad Qayyum’s much discussed report on match fixing, ready last October, threatens to become a dusty relic, perhaps because it is viewed as explosive. In India also Justice Y.V. Chandrachudas 94-page document of betting and match fixing in the game in India is kept under wraps. The secrecy with which the Australian Cricket Board handled a potentially explosive incident came in for widespread public criticism. In February 1995, Mark Waugh and Shane Warne started the Aussie cricket establishment by admitting that they had accepted payments of US dollar 4,000 and US dollar 8,000 for providing information. The Australian Cricket Board fined Waugh a dollar 10,000 and Warne A dollar 8,080 but chose to keep the matter secret also, the fine imposed on the cricketers was too mild a penalty for an information of that magnitude.
The international Cricket Council (ICC) resembles a toothless tiger that is uncapping able to hunt. Individual boards, keen to manage their own affairs, are loath to hand power over to them, thus making the term ‘world body’ a mockery. However, to begin with the players must police themselves. One of the recommendations suggested by the ICC code of Conduct Commission is that must be “an obligation on the part of the players to report to the team manager or captain any approach made to them by bookmakers or knowledge of such approach to any other player” with the corollary that “failure to make such a report be made a punishable offence”. It is for the players to help keep their sport unblemished, for a tainted game means even the honest will be under scrutiny.
The Chandra HUD report says, “It will be a sad day, if the common men and women on whose support the game has occupied its pride of place believe that bookies and not the chosen eleven play the game”. Unfortunately that day has already come. Officialdom’s severest test is now to revive the public’s faith and restore the credibility. The only hope is that cricket, tempered by time, is a resilient sport and it will survive this crisis also. We also wish a bright future to this gentlemen’s game.
The city of Karachi:
Karachi is the largest city, main seaport and financial centre of Pakistan, as well as the capital of the province of Sindh. The city has an estimated population of 21 million people as of April 2012. Results in that month of Pakistan’s latest census initial tabulations show that the district is home to over 21 million people, at a density of nearly 6,000 people per square kilometer (15,500 per square mile). Karachi is the
. most populous city in the country, one of the world’s largest cities in terms of population and also the 10th largest urban agglomeration in the world. It is Pakistan’s premier centre of banking, industry, economic activity and trade and is home to Pakistan’s largest corporations, including those involved in textiles, shipping, automotive industry, entertainment, the arts, fashion, advertising, publishing, software development and medical research. The city is a major hub of higher education in South Asia and the Muslim world.
The city is located in the south of the country, along the coastline meeting the Arabian Sea. It is spread over 3,527 km² (1,362 sq mi) in area, almost four times larger than Hong Kong. It is locally known as the “City of Lights” and “The bride of the cities” for its liveliness, and the “City of the Quaid” , having been the birth and burial place of Quaid-e-Azam, the Great Leader, (Muhammad Ali Jinnah), the founder of Pakistan, who made the city his home after Pakistan’s independence from the British Raj on 14 August 1947.
Karachi is the financial and commercial capital of Pakistan. In line with its status as a major port and the country’s largest metropolis, it accounts for a lion’s share of Pakistan’s revenue. According to the Federal Board of Revenue’s 2006-2007 year book, tax and customs units in Karachi were responsible for 46.75% of direct taxes, 33.65%of federal excise tax, and 23.38% of domestic sales tax. Karachi accounts for 75.14% of customs duty and 79% of sales tax on imports. Therefore, Karachi collects a significant 53.38% of the total collections of the Federal Board of Revenue, out of which 53.33% are customs duty and sales tax on imports. (Note: Revenue collected from Karachi includes revenue from some other areas since the Large Tax Unit (LTU) Karachi and Regional Tax Offices (RTOs) Karachi, Hyderabad; Sukkur & Quetta cover the entire province of Sindh and Baluchistan). Karachi’s indigenous contribution to national revenue is around 25%.
Composition of Karachi’s Economy:
Karachi’s contribution to Pakistan’s manufacturing sector amounts to approximately 30 percent. A substantial part of Sindh’s gross domestic product (GDP) is attributed to Karachi (the GDP of Sindh as a percentage of Pakistan’s total GDP has traditionally hovered around 28%-30%; for more information, see economy of Sindh). Karachi’s GDP is around 20% of the total GDP of Pakistan. A Price water house Coopers study released in 2009, which surveyed the 2008 GDP of the top cities in the world, calculated Karachi’s GDP (PPP) to be . $78 billion(projected to be $193 billion in 2025 at a growth rate of 5.5%).It confirmed Karachi’s status as Pakistan’s largest economy, well ahead of the next two biggest cities Lahore and Faisalabad. The World Bank identified Karachi as the most business-friendly city in Pakistan;
Necessity of Computer:
The “Man of the Year” in 1982 according to a survey carried out by an international magazine was the ‘Computer’. Computer in Latin means “to reckon” or ‘to compute’. Some experts have coined a word for it ‘INFORMATION’, the science of information processing i.e. methods of recording, manipulation and retrieving information.
Already computers have become such an important part our lives-in airports, banks, railway stations and every well-equipped modern office. As computer continues to proliferate in ever increasing numbers across large segments Government, business and industry, the common man is beginning to believe hesitantly that computers can actually deliver a good part of the promise that they had offered. Society is gradually accepting the fact that computers will indeed change the manner, in which the things are done.
Computers can substantially save valuable man-hours by helping people through communication to make reservation of tickets, operate their bank accounts, to pay for electricity water and telephone bills, insurance premium and also do routine shopping. Trains can be operated automatically by computers and traffic signals be computer co-ordinate to produce best traffic patterns, increase reliability and safety and generally provide for more efficient services.
Computer in health is bringing new hope for the sick. In areas of health and medicine, expert systems and data bases on blood groups availability, eye banks medical history of patients etc, can bring about a marked improvement in our health services. Expert system can help in more accurate diagnosis of ailments ‘Hospital Information Systems’ can help improve the efficiency of our hospitals reduce mortality and death-rates and in general provide better and speedier health care to our people.
While this realization is gaining firmer ground in areas like the utility services, railways, airlines, agriculture, health etc., as well as organization control, there is area where the role of computers as the prime agents of change has still not been recognized. That is the area of education. In our country there are over 500,000 primary schools of which 1/3RD single-teacher schools. 64% of total population of our country is illiterate. The number of illiterates at present is higher than that at independence. To tackle a problem of such gigantic proportions, it is essential that a modern aids offered by Information Technology are made use of to spread education to the rural areas where most of the illiteracy is concentrated. Computer based lessons developed in various subjects by experts in that area could be used to educate the masses. The computer is a rapidly evolving tool that can now deal quite effectively with all fine forms of information that man deals with for better education are -data, text, image, graphics and voice.
One thought can take place in our minds for a moment that ‘the computer will replace the teacher-that would be a suicidal thought. But we should fully accept the reality that the computer will radically change the manner in which teaching learning
processes take place. The role of the teacher will undergo a radical change. From being a .mere “information dumping machine”, the teacher will once again rise to the
height of being a mentor, philosopher and guide developing, instilling values, ideas, creating challenges and nurturing feelings, sentiments and empathy in young minds. In the wider prospective, these are what are required for building a strong nation-intellectually spiritually and economically.
In the most important area of government administration, to enable administration take the right decision at the right time, accurate, relevant and up-to-date information should be made available to them. Modern computerized – communication network can significantly help bureaucracy cut its red tape.
Therefore, computers are synonymous with development. With appropriate computer usage and quality of life applications, India will be able to effectively tackle its unique problems. The entire society will undergo a transformation and what would emerge is a society that is more intellectually aware and which values its time, intellect and dignity. A society armed with computer expertise can meet with confidence the exciting new India of tomorrow.
4. Write the character sketch of anyone of the following:
(a) Colonel Sapt
(b) The Duke of Strelsau
Please see Q.4 (iii) of 2014 Private
5. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follows:
It has been known for many years that restriction of diet without reducing the intake of vitamins and minerals results in the slowing down of the ageing process and lengthens life spans. This was ·shown to be true for monkeys, rats, fish and even of microorganism such as fungi. The diet restriction can potentially result in reduction of age-related disease including Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s, leading to healthier, longer lives.
(i) What can slow down the ageing process?
(ii) Which animals were used for experimentation?
(iii) Name some age related diseases.
(iv) Give a suitable title for this passage.
(i) Restriction of diet without reducing the intake of vitamins and minerals results in the slowing down of the ageing process and lengthens life span.
(ii) Normally Monkeys; rats, fish & fungi are used for experiment
(iii) Some of the diseases are Alzheimer and Parkinson.
(iv) The suitable title for this passage is “Better Diet Plan”.