SECTION “A” (MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS)
1. Choose the correct answer for each from the given options:
(i) In the lesson, ‘Act III of the Silver Box’ Mr. Roper was Jack’s:
* police officer
(ii) Black Michael was the Duke of:
(iii) Liaquat Ali Khan became the first Prime Minister of Pakistan in the year A.D.:
(iv) The name of Thurber’s aunt was:
* Edith Taylor
* Julie Taylor
* James Taylor
* Jimmy Taylor.
(v) According to Bertrand Russell, one of the important things for survival in the modern world is:
(vi) The word ‘Dupe’ means:
(vii) The smile of the Korean girl gave the man a purpose in life which was:
(viii) ‘Tomorrow is a holiday’, the teacher said, ‘can be narrated into direct speech as (pick the right option)
* The teacher declared that tomorrow will be a holiday
* The teacher declared that the next day will be a holiday
* The teacher declared that the next day was a holiday.
* The teacher declared that the next day would be a holiday.
(ix) “The Seven Ages of Man” is taken from:
* King Lear
* As You Like It
(x) The name of the Sister-in-Law of Rassendyll is:
(xi) Samson had been taken captive by the treachery of his:
(xii) In the tea table incident, Rassendyll used the table to:
* eat dinner
* write a letter
* protect himself
* play table tennis.
(xiii) “An Essay on Man” is a poem which is deeply:
(xiv) “A man can do as he will, but not will as he will” has been an inspiration to:
(xv) The political ideal of Albert Einstein was:
(xvi) The poem, “Lines from Endymion” is composed in:
* blank verse
(xvii) Achilles, the Greek hero, was shot with an arrow in the:
(xviii) In the novel ‘The Prisoner of Zenda’, Jacob’s ladder was actually a:
* draw bridge
(xix) The Coronation Ceremony took place on:
SECTION ‘B’ (SHORT-ANSWER QUESTIONS)
NOTE:Answer any 10 questions.
2.(i) What should Asian Countries accept from the West and what should they reject?
ANSWER: In the author’s opinion the Asian countries must learn a degree of mutual respect, between nations, after their sufferings at the hands of the Europeans. They should reject the wish to imitate the West, by using science and technology for making weapons of war (atomic weapons). As this would only cause destruction.
(ii) How did the panic start in the cinema on High Street and how was order restored?
ANSWER: The writer’s aunt, Edith Taylor was in the cinema. She could hear continuous shouts and the tramp of running feet.
An elderly man sitting near Aunt Taylor, got up, to find out what the noise was. As he did so, a woman shouted, ‘fire’ as she always expected to be burned up in a theatre. This started a panic inside the cinema, while, the shouts outside became louder and clear. The words were, ‘the darn has broken, go east’. So the writer’s Aunt and the rest started running towards the east.
(iii) On what grounds does Einstein put the individual before the State?
ANSWER: In Einstein’s opinion the most valuable thing in human life, is not the state but the creative, and sensitive individual, who alone creates the noble and the sublime (inspiring). They are the one’s who bring glory to a country, while the herd (common man), remain dull in thought and dull in feeling.
(iv) Why & how did Madame Mauban betray Black Michael?
ANSWER: Lady Mauban betrays Michael, for her own personal interest. She was in love with him and wanted to marry him. But when she learns that Michael was not sincere to her and wanted to marry Princess Flavia, she betrays him, only to keep him for herself.
She is extremely ambitious and jealous by nature. She was dreaming that by marrying Michael she would become Queen of Ruritania. But when she comes to know that-Michael was simply using her as a tool, to carry out his own evil designs, she betrays him. Michael was using lady Mauban, as he hoped to bring Rassendyll under his control, with her help.
So lady Mauban simply change her attitude towards Michael. She does this to frustrate Michael’s designs. She knew that if Michael succeeded in becoming King of Ruritania that would have been the end of her dream. She is clever and therefore helps Rassendyll so that she may topple Michael’s applecart, which she does. So, she betrays him only to keep Michael to herself.
(v) What events led Rudolf Rassendyll to act as the king of Ruritania?
ANSWER: Please see Q.2 (ix) of 2014 Regular
(vi) What message has been conveyed in the poem, “Say not the Struggle Naught Availeth”?
ANSWER: Please see Q. 2(iii) of 2013 Regular
(vii) What moral does the poem “Ulysses” teach?
ANSWER: Please see Q.2 (viii) of 2014 Regular
(viii) What is the significance of the fifth stage of man’s life in the poem The Seven Ages of Man?
ANSWER: Please see Q.2 (x) of 2014 Regular
(ix) What motive does the man have for murdering Mrs. Judy Oakentubb?
ANSWER: Please see Q.2 (xiii) of 2014 Private
(x) Was justice done to the family of Mr. James Jones? Explain
ANSWER: No, Mr. Jones does not receive a fair trail. As is clear from the play, Mr. Jones does not steal the silver box, yet he is punished by the Magistrate. One reason is, his own admission that he took the silver box, secondly, the Magistrate after receiving a bribe from Mr. Jhon Barthwick decides the case against Mr. Jones.
(xi) Which act of selfishness of the Miller caused Hans to lose his life?
ANSWER: Please see Q. 2(vi) of 2013 Private
(xii) Comment briefly on the Tea-Table incident in the novel, ‘The Prisoner of Zenda’.
ANSWER: Michael’s three Rupert arrive. Detchard offers Rassendyll a safe conduct and fifty thousand pounds, if Rassendyll accepts the offer or face death. Rassendyll fools them by saving his skin by using the tea table, as a shield. Thus Rassendyll manages to escape unhurt. Soon after this, the Intelligence Bureau sends a report to Rassendyll that, there is a lot of talk going on amongst the people because of the delay in the royal wedding. It was well known that wedding would be solemnized, soon after the coronation.
(xiii) What is Albert Einstein’s attitude towards war?
ANSWER: Einstein believes that wars would have ended long ago, had the sound sense of nations, not been corrupted by the war mongers (dealers) by commercial or political interests. The author blames the different schools of thought & the press, for the spread of war.
(xiv) Use any 5 idioms in your own sentences:
to look after; to turn down; to talk tall; to run after; to take after; to take to heels; to fall flat; to get over
(i) Look after ( take care of):
She looks after her baby very well.
(ii) To turn down ( to reject):
I applied for one month’s leave but my boss turned down.my application for no reason.
(iii) To talk. tall (very attractive speech):
Our politician usually talks tall before the election.
(iv) To run after ( to follow some body):
The policeman ran after the thief and caught him.
(v) To take after (having similarity):
He was taken after with my style of writing.
(vi) To take to heels (to skip suddenly):
The thief took to heels, as soon us he saw the police man.
(vii) To fall flat (not deliver):
All my advices fell flat on him and he ruined himself with his own hands.
(viii) To get over (to get control):
He struggled to get over his problems.
(xv) Change the narration of the following sentences:
* The skipper said, “Alas! We have lost the match!”
* He said, “Where did you stay in Sweden last year?”
(i) The Skipper exclaimed with sorrow that they had lost the match.
(ii) He asked where you had stayed in Sweden previous year.
SECTION C (DETAILED- ANSWER QUESTION)
NOTE: Answer all questions.
3. Write an essay on any One of the following:
(i) Merits & Demerits of Electronic media:
Electronic media becomes more affordable. and more widespread; the debate that has been going on among librarians, educators and businessmen becomes one we must each ask ourselves: what are the advantages of print media, what are the advantages of electronic media? What are the disadvantages of each? What does the use of each mean to households, readers, students, business people and others? Each media brings its own unique elements to the process of communication.
Advantages of Radio and Television
Radio began the trend toward electronic news reporting and entertainment. For the first time, live reporting could come straight from the reporter into the home. The burning of the Von Hindenburg is an early example of immediate coverage of a tragic event. Radio transmissions could also be used to communicate between locations in areas where telegraph or telephone wires were impractical. Television added moving pictures to the voice, allowing people in rural areas to view live entertainment. Live news broadcasts brings news much more quickly than is possible with any print medium.
Disadvantages of Radio and Television
Immediacy brought questions of ethics along with it. The broadcast of Orson Wells “War of the Worlds”, a radio drama based on H.G. Wells science fiction novel, caused an incredible panic. Television ‘brought the Vietnam War directly into living rooms. Psychologists became concerned with the effect seeing the raw footage might have on children. Unless recorded, broadcasts are essentially impermanent. The news coverage broadcast live tends to be shallow compared to print media such as newspapers, magazines or books.
Advantages of Computers and the Internet:
Personal computers and the internet have opened whole new vistas of communication. Users can download electronic books, read magazines, watch movie, have access to news reports and get mail without ever leaving home. They can even chat with friends in living video if they own the right equipment. Users can also upload all kinds of material to the internet. It is a vast cornucopia that combines all the forms of communication that have come before it. It is a feast of music, books, drama, news and personal opinion. Users can save selected material to their computer hard drive, burn it to disks or save it to external storage devices for later use. Net books, electronic book readers and pocket sized players make it possible to carry music collection and a small library in your pocket.
Disadvantages of Computers and the Internet:
It is also nearly impossible to regulate the content, because the internet is so vast. Although more affordable than it used to be, the equipment needed to take advantage of this ocean of material is expensive. Discrimination is needed when searching for information because anyone with the equipment can post anything to the internet. Many content areas are not checked for accuracy. Electronically stored information is impermanent. One server crash, one lightning strike, one disgruntled but skilled viewer, one executive decision can remove information or change it without notice.
(ii) Saving Face-s-Oscar Award to Pakistan:
On 26th February 2012, the world will discover three different faces of Pakistan during the 84th Academy Awards, with the nomination of a Pakistani documentary ‘Saving Face’ for the best documentary (short subject).
The first face is the Pakistani filmmaker who is contending for the Oscar, the second is the internationally acclaimed British-Pakistani plastic surgeon who traveled to his motherland to heal victims of acid attacks, and last but not the least is of the heroic survivors of acid attacks who are struggling to .deal with the consequences of their disfigurement.
‘Saving Face’ tells the story of a British-Pakistani plastic surgeon, Dr. Muhammad Jawad, who traveled to Pakistan to treat acid attack victims. Jawad has made several trips to Pakistan with surgical teams to work with the victims. He also organized a major medical relief effort to help earthquake survivors in Pakistan in 2005. In 2008, he received widespread public and international media attention when he performed his pioneering treatment on British model and television presenter Katie Piper, whose ex-boyfriend threw acid on her face.
Central characters of this documentary are two women, Zakia and Rukhsana, from southern Punjab who survived acid attacks and have been fighting for justice ever since. Instead of only portraying the misery of the victims, the film focuses on the vigor with which they endure the process of emotional and physical healing.
Sharmeen Obaid-Chinoy is the first Pakistani filmmaker to win an Oscar nomination for co-directing this film with Daniel Junge.
Obaid-Chinoy previously won an Emmy award for her film Pakistan’s Taliban Generation. This film was also the recipient of the Alfred Dupont Award and the Association for International Broadcasting Award. Obaid-Chinoy is the first non-American to receive the Livingston Award for best international reporting. In 2007, she received the broadcast journalist of the year award in the UK from One World’Media for her work in a series of documentary films. For her work on other films, she also received the Overseas Press Club Award, the American Women in Radio and Television Award, the Cine Golden Eagle Award and the Banff Rockie Award.
Above all, this documentary, along with its accolades, is truly a testimony of the devotion and fervor with which Sharmeen, Dr. Jawad, Zakia and Rukhsana are pursuing their individual goals. Saving Face. brings together the hard work and creativity of ambitious documentaries, the dedication of a passionate doctor, and determination of valiant victims of acid attacks.
The film also emerges as a face-saver for Pakistan, amid growing negative perceptions about the country worldwide. The Oscar nod for Saving Face recognizes of a Pakistani filmmaker and sends message to all the ambitious Pakistanis and the world that hard work pays off, no matter where you live and your passion to prevail over the crisis can take you places whether you are a filmmaker, a doctor or a survivor.
(iii) Life in Pakistan village:
The Islamic Republic of Pakistan, a Muslim state, won its freedom from India in 1947. Sixty percent of its population lives in villages. Farmers or herders have jobs in nearby cities or towns. Traditional customs have a strong influence on the life in rural areas of Pakistan, e.g. men have more social freedom than women do. Women avoid contact with men outside their family, and they cover their faces with a veil in the presence of strangers.
In the villages, family houses cluster tightly together along narrow alleys, sharing a tank or shallow pond for washing clothes and for watering vegetables and livestock. House walls are mostly built of mud, and they rise to meet thatched roofs. A typical home may have a few pieces of simple furniture with straw mats covering the bare earth floor. A few stone or brick houses shelter the wealthy landlords and merchants. Most of the villagers live in same-styled, mud houses and cooperate with each other in daily life.
Pakistani villagers dress themselves very simply as compared to city people. The most common dress for both men and women is a ‘Shalwar Kameez,’ which consists of loose trousers worn under a long over blouse. Women wear a ‘dupatta’ and strictly observe ‘purdah’ by hiding their faces & private parts of their bodies Families within the houses are seldom composed of mother, father, and young children. The extended family is more customary in Pakistan. Sons bring their wives to their family home and rear their children there. The eldest father uses the joint earnings of the family members for their support. Farm families work in the fields, raise crops, and tend them. When the crops are ready, they harvest and sell them. Ouring this entire period, women also help in the fields by seeding, watering, and tending the crops alongside the male members of the family. In the extended family, the eldest father supervises the outdoor work while the mother looks after the
indoor work. The children help their parents run the house.
Villagers normally eat very simple meals consisting of a vegetable curry, gruel of parched grams or lentils eaten with bread called ‘Chapati’ or ‘Roti.’ The women cook the food which they serve on trays set on the floor. Women eat separately after the male members of the family have taken their meal.
Women respect their male family members even during meal time. Villagers lead very simple lives in Pakistan. Although they are doing a great job for the economy of Pakistan and are the backbone for Pakistan’s exports, they are still waiting for the amenities that city people enjoy. They eat very simple food but produce many edible things for the city people. In fact, it is proof of their simplicity and innocence that they are happy in mud houses. They don’t want to lead the snug life. Nevertheless, it is their right to have some civic amenities of a comfortable life.
(iv) Inflation: its causes and solutions:
Inflation is a situation where there is a sustained and abnormal increase in the general price level.
The main causes of inflation are:
(1) Demand pull inflation, caused by an increase in aggregate demand in this case, demand for all products rise, causing the demand curve to shift upwards, hence increasing the general price level.
(2) The second cause is cost-push inflation, that is, a rise in cost of production, such as, raw materials, causes prices to rise. Since cost of production has risen, producers pass this burden on consumers, by charging higher prices.
(3) Another cause is imported inflation. This is when a country is importing materials from another country, in which inflation is high in that country.
(4) Finally, according to monetarists, inflation is caused when the money supply in an economy increases. It is a situation of too much money chasing too few goods,_hence increasing the price of goods.
The possible solutions are:
(1) High monetary expansion:
The supply of money is expanding quickly every year but the supply of goods & services is not increasing according to that rates. Due to this, prices are rising.
(2) Increase in wages:
The rise in wages, pensions and salaries have increased the purchasing power of the people. Wages and prices chase each other.
(3) Increase in population:
The rate of population growth in Pakistan is more than 3%. Due to this, aggregate demand is increasing day by day.
(4) Deficit financing:
Means printing of currency notes by the Government in order to cover the defect in the budged. It will create inflationary pressure.
Businessmen hoard necessities of life for earning profits. So increase in hording, profiteering, increases the prices of the commodities.
(6) Foreign Remittances:
The increased remittances by the people working outside the country, purchasing power of their families are increased day by day. So the demand is increased.
(7) Natural Calamities:
Due to floods, excessive rains and earthquakes the level of production is decreased increase in demand and hence, the prices of goods is increase.
(8) Consumption habits:
The people in Pakistan are extravagant. The people want to achieve high standard living. So there is a demonstration effect in Pakistan. As a result, the rise in prices of goods and services continues.
Devaluation brings inflation due to rise are the prices of imports. The people know that after devaluation prices will rise and they begin to hold stocks. Price level goes up due to increase in the general demand.
4. Write a character sketch of Rudolf Elphberg OR Duke Michael.
As we proceed with the study of ‘The prisoner of Zenda,’ we can not help feeling sorry for King Rudolf. He undergoes all kinds of suffering and torture, at the hands of the evil Black Michael. In the end, fortune smiles on him and with the all of his loyal and devoted aides, Col. Sept and Fritz, he wins back his throne and is restored as the King of Ruritania.
As a young prince, he is presented as a happy go- Iucky person. He indulges in all sorts of ‘fun and frolic’. Before his coronation, king Rudolf takes his kingship, very lightly. For this he is not very popular among the masses. As a prince, he enjoys going on hunts and parties. He really took life easy and enjoyed himself.
He was away from Ruritania, for educational purposes, hence he is not very well known, to the common man. He is careless and carefree and much given to drinking and hunting two of his favorite pastimes. It is this weakness which Black Michael exploits and which almost; cost him his life as well as his throne.
King Rudolf Elphberg is simple and kind by nature. It is indeed very stupid of him to have accepted Black Michael’s invitation to Zenda, for a hunting expedition, just before the coronation, while Michael drugs his wine and gets him unconscious. But for the wise and timely handling of the situation by Colonel Sept, King Rudolf Elphberg would have been eliminated from the scene-c- perhaps, for good.
The people feel’ and very rightly that King Rudolf Elphberg is not serious’ and dignified, as a king. His merrymaking and laughing and having fun are unbecoming of a King. He lacks in tact and planning.
He relies heavily on his loyal advisers, like Colonel Sapt. King Rudolf Elphberg also lacks in courage and is very passive throughout. He does not take a single step, to get him, free:from prison. Even princess Flavia e s that after the coronation, The King has become more dignified and responsible.
However, with all his weakness, King Rudolf Elphberg still evokes sympathy, from his readers, for his sincerity and simplicity and also perhaps, for the suffering that he under goes, at the hands of his step-brother, Black Michael.
Please see Q.4 (ii) of 2014 Regular
5. Read the given passage and answer the questions that follow:
Modern life provides all the facilities for the upkeep of the physique, trimmed personality and the sharpened mind. Besides, the books and the educations, there are the cinema, the T.V and the radio. These instruments keep you abreast of times, your mind sharp and intellect bright. Then, there are modern scientific beauty aids which enable you to keep a healthy and bright appearance. If you are not charming by God’s gift, you can avail of cosmetics and other make-ups and look smart.
(i) Give a suitable title to the passage.
(ii) What are the benefits of modern life?
(iii) How can intelligence be enhanced?
(iv) How can normal appearance be improved?
(i) The suitable title for the passage is “Life and Technology”
(ii) The benefits .of modern life are Books, Radio, cinema, T.V’-computer, Internet etc.
(iii) We can get connected with current affairs through Radio, T.V, Computer and internet. Now we can get any knowledge through internet within a minute.
(iv) Through make-up, exercise, and advance operation for looking good we can improve our normal appearance.