SECTION “A” (MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS)
1. Choose the correct answer for each from the given options:
(i) John Keats presented the idea of:
(ii) Take after means:
* to resemble
* to put off
* to bring up
* to call for
(iii) The moral of ‘Say not the Struggle Naught Availeth is:
(iv) ‘Your conduct here has been most improper’, she said to him: (Indirect version will be).
* She told him his conduct has been most improper.
* She told him that your conduct was most improper.
* She told to him that his conduct has been here most improper.
* She told him that his conduct there had been most improper.
(v) Bertrand Russell believes that the traditions of civilization in Asia are ancient and:
(vi) According to Alexander Pope, the Ignorance of the future and hope are two great:
(vii) The word monotheist means believer in:
* one God
* many Gods
(viii) Edith Taylor was the name of James Thurber’s:
(ix) The King and the Duke both wish to marry:
* Lady Burlesdon
* Princess Flavia
* Countess Helga
* Madam,ede Mauban
(x) In William Shakespeare’s view, the world is like a:
(xi) The earth his sober inn, and quiet pilgrimage’ is the last line of the poem:
* Samson Agonistes
* The Solitary Reaper
* The Man of Life Upright
* Music When Soft Voices Die
(xii) Mrs. James Jones works at the house of Mr. Barthwick as:
* Personal Secretary
(xiii) The amount of the bet that Mrs. Oakentubb made with her friends was:
* £ 5
(xiv) we cannot hold the clock back’ so we must go forward at a double pacel This speech has been delivered by:
* the Quaid-e-Azam
* Liaquat Ali Khan
* Lord Mountbatten
* Maulana Shaukat Ali
(xv) The hero in the novel ‘The Prisoner of Zenda’ is:
* Rudolf Elphberg
* Rupert of Hentzau
* Rudolf Rassendyll
* Black Michael
(xvi) The most dangerous of the six followers of Black Michael was:
* De Gautet
* Rupert of Hentzau.
(xvii) Jack was the son of:
* Thomas Marlowe
* James Jones
* Mr. Barthwick
* The Magistrate
(xviii) The poem ‘Lines from Ulysses’ is composed by:
* Lord Tennyson
* John Milton
(xix) One sided friendship is the theme of:
* The Day the Dam Broke.
* The Devoted Friend
* The World As I See it.
* Act III of the Silver Box
(xx) The throne of Ruritania was saved by the wisdom and loyalty of:
SECTION ‘B’ (SHORT-ANSWER QUESTIONS)
NOTE: Answer 10 questions from this section.
2.(i) According to Liaquat Ali Khan, what is the true meaning of freedom?
ANSWER: Please see Q2 (xii) of 2014 Regular
(ii) Give a description of the man in the lesson ‘Twenty Minutes with Mrs. Oakentubb’
ANSWER: The man in the play is in his thirties. He is clean -shaven and wearing a trilby hat From his dress and speech, he appears to be a clerk, But he is definitely lower in the social scale as compared to Mrs. Oakentubb.
(iii) Why does Dr. Mallory refuse to talk about the incident in the lesson ‘The Day the Dam Broke’.
ANSWER: Please see Q.2 (xiii) of 2014 Regular
(iv) What are Einstein’s views about leadership?
ANSWER: Please see Q. 2(ii) of 2013 Regular
(v) What is the true source of power for a country according to Bertrand Russell?
ANSWER: Please see Q.2 (xii) of 2014 Private
(vi) Why do we say that Hugh the Miller is a selfish friend to little Hans?
ANSWER: Hans, the devoted friend, lost his life in a stormy night when he went out in search of doctor for Hugh’s son who had fallen down from the stairs. Selfish Hugh had refused to give his lantern to Hans for fear that it might be lost. Hans being unable to find the way died in the dark.
(vii) Give a description of the fourth stage in a man’s life as given in the poem, ‘The Seven Ages of Man’.
The fourth age is called “The Soldier’s Age.” As a soldier, he keeps a beard, just like a leopard and is extremely jealous to matters of honour and pride. For the sake of his self-respect and reputation, he would give his life, before a canon.
(viii)What are the different shapes or forms of beauty that give joy according to John Keats?
ANSWER: Please see Q.2 (iii) of 2014 Regular
(ix) How does Rudolf Rassendyll behave. as the King when he takes part in the procession before the coronation?
ANSWER: Rassandyll insists on riding alone for fifty yards . to show people that their King is “no coward”. At first, there is neither cheering nor welcome. Nearly all the windows have pictures of Duke Michael instead of King Rudolf and it is the Duke’s flag that is flying high over many buildings. Rassandyll can see the hatred in many faces. Yet, he rides on bravely. He knows he looks handsome and splendid in his white uniform riding on the beautiful white horse. Soon, he wins over the people and they start cheering.
(x) Compare and contrast the two women characters in the novel ‘The Prisoner of Zenda’.
ANSWER: Princes Flavia is presented as a paragon of beauty and virtue. She is extremely charming and impresses everyone with her charm and grace. She carries herself with a lot of dignity and elegance, Lady Mauban is also an extremely beautiful and a charming French widow. She is so lovely and charming that she is desired by all the aristocratic men in Paris. But she is no match for Princess Flavia as far as dignity, grace and sincerity are concerned.
Lady Mauban is an opportunist. She takes advantage of her beauty and gets emotionally involved with Duke Michael. Princess Flavia who is every inch a Princess because of her chaste and character. She sacrifices her love, for the sack of her country and love for her people. This is why; I like the character of Princes of Flavia,
(xi) What does Ulysses mean by the following lines?
Made weak by time and fate but strong in will
To strive, to seek, to find and not to yield.
ANSWER: In his address to the mariners, Ulysses reminds them how they bravely fought against their enemies in the past and never faltered. Their hearts are of the same quality and they share the spirit of bravery and heroism. Though time and fate has taken its toll but it has not succeeded in affecting their spirit. Their spirits are still young and they can still do “some work of noble note” Old age does not mean an end to struggle: only death can put a stop to ones efforts. So as long as they are alive they must strive and fight against the odds and not give in to the enemy.
(xii) ‘You are nine and twenty and you have done nothing’.
To whom does ‘Lady Rose’ state and what does she mean by the above remark?
ANSWER: She said this sentence to Rudolf. “I wonder when in the world you’re going to do anything, Rudolf?” Said the Lady Rose.
Rudolf said “My dear Rose,” I laying down my egg-spoon, “why in the world should I do anything? My position is a comfortable one. I have an income nearly sufficient for my wants. I enjoy an enviable social position: I am brother to Lord Burlesdon, and brother-in-law to that charming lady, his countess. Behold, it is enough!”
“You are nine-and-twenty,” she observed, “and you’ve done nothing but — ”
“Knock about? It is true. Our family doesn’t need to do things.”
This remark of mine rather annoyed Rose.
(xiii) Discuss the end of the play ‘Twenty Minutes with Mrs. Oakentubb’.
ANSWER: In my view, the play would have definitely had a more satisfying end, if the man had not killed Mrs. Oakentubb. If she had shown genuine sorrow at killing his wife and daughter in the car accident and begged the man’s forgiveness, I feel the man would have forgiven her. He would have then, accepted this tragedy as an act of God. This would have been a far better end.
(xiv) Make sentences of any Five of the following idioms:
to be in hot water; to take after; to run short of; to make up; crocodile tears; a burning question; to be on cloud nine; to live from hand to mouth.
(1) To be in hot water: (people are angry with them and they are likely to be punished)
He found himself in hot water over his speech about immigration.
(2) To take after: (to responsible) The hostel in charge does not take after the students ‘living in the hostel.
(3) To run short: (to begin to run out of something) We are running short of eggs. I always keep enough so I will never run short.
(4) To make up: (to catch up; to go fast to balance a period of going slow or not moving)
We drove as fast as we could, trying to make up for lost time.
(5) Crocodile tears: (to shed false tears; to pretend that one is weeping)
He thought he could get his way if he cried crocodile tears.
(6) A burning question: (a question whose answer is of great interest to everyone; a question that needs very much to be answered, as a fire needs to be extinguished).
There’s a burning question that needs to be answered: Why did you leave your wife of only one month?
(7) To be on cloud nine: (very happy)
When I got my promotion, I was on cloud nine.
(8) To live from hand to mouth: (to have just enough money to live on and nothing extra)
My father earned very little and there were four of us kids so we lived from hand to mouth.
(xv) Change the Narration:
‘This letter is full of mistakes’ shouted the manager. ‘I did it in a hurry’, admitted the typist.
ANSWER: When Manager shouted over typist and saying that the letter is full of mistake, then typist admitted that he has done in hurry.
SECTION C (DETAILED-ANSWER QUESTION)
NOTE:Attempt any Three questions.
3. Write an essay on anyone of the following topics:
(a) Hazards of Self Medication:
A large number of people, when they fall sick, go not consult the physician. They either consult a chemist and obtain a medicine from his shelf, or may consult a neighbor who may be having some tablets left over from his previous illness, and readily spares them. Have you ever noticed that right from popular magazine editors to your domestic servant thinks that he or. she is a medical authority? If you have a fever, cold, cough, constipation or indigestion, your friends or even total strangers volunteer advice on medicines to take like expert physicians. Almost everyone you meet has an excellent remedy for whatever ails you. In short, this is what is meant be self-medication. May be most of the times nothing untoward happens on following such advice, but it can be danger we today are a crazy pill-popping generation. It is rightly said that the desire to take medicines, is one feature that distinguishes man from animals. Recent advances in drug research have provided many synthetic medicines for the treatment of disease, leading to a drug explosion. Today over 7000 drugs and drug combinations are available. Many of them have been released for general use, and are sold directly to the public as over-the-counter (OTC) remedies. A large number of potent drugs are thus available to the individual for self-medication. There is an obvious difference between drugs and other commodities of life. The consumer has no way to judge the efficacy of a drug or its hazards, and therefore these judgments have to be made for him by physicians.
Self-medication usually involves common drugs which are freely available. A study carried out in the United States showed that nearly 2 billion dollars per year were spent on such remedies. It is questionable whether the benefits outweigh the potential hazards. They account for poisonings, allergy, habituation, addiction, and other adverse reactions. Above all their use often delays, proper treatment of the disease.
Another hazard is the availability of many irrational drug combinations in the market, which expose the individual to several drugs needlessly, each of which can cause adverse effects. Very few combinations have a legitimate place in modern medicine. Yet irrational combination abounds and is being used by some professionals.
Thus, to avoid or minimize the dangers of self medication, firstly, the lay person should be educated about the dangers of indiscriminate use of drugs. Secondly, the
physicians should be more judicious in prescribing, and must insist on drugs being supplied by the chemist only on a valid prescription. Thirdly, a proper statutory “Drug Control.” must be implemented, rationally restricting the availability of drugs to the public. These three measures would definitely reduce the incidence of drug-related mishaps, and help in maintaining good health of the individual and society.
(b) Peace: the Road to Progress:
Human beings have both the instincts of violence and peace. Destruction and violence always go together which is the outcome of negative feelings like anger, frustration, stress and emotion. While peace is beauty and gives serene pleasure that makes men happy. Happiness causes an optimistic and encouraging effect on an individual and produces better results. If there is peace, happiness prevails on more than one individual.
Thus peace leads to a happy society which then always at the constructive approach to life. Humanity cannot survive without love and peace. So peace and progress go hand to hand. All the mighty inventions of science and creations of Arts are the fruit of peace.
As we turn over-the pages of history, we come across the development made by man to achieve prosperity. They were made during peaceful environment. Modern science has evolved over a long period of peaceful environment and has now reached the peak of progress. Science has worked wonders in our life. Moreover we also come to realize that there is hardly any sphere of life that has not been enhanced by the creative abilities of man. In the field of medical science, knowledge and research has gone to such an extent that almost all the ailments have found a cure. Epidemics have been wiped out, nutritional standards have been improved, drug therapy has been recognized and hygienic conditions are being created so that the new generation may enjoy a longer and better life.
In the realm of communication, modern scientific inventions have helped a lot. That far flung corners of the world have been linked together with a wide spread air network. Distances have lost their meaning and thousands of miles can be covered within hours. Traveling today is not only swift, but also full of pleasure and luxury.
Moreover, in a peaceful atmosphere scientists are also engaged in generating power and extending it to the parts of the country.
Machinery has increased production of factories manifold, has added growth and speed to Industrialization of the developing countries. Now factories are coming up, giving employment, and meeting the needs of the people.
Magnificent changes have also struck the hope of farmer. New methods of farming, use of improved seeds. New ploughs, manures and chemical fertilizers increasing the food Grains by 10 times. New fertilizer factories have been set up with the aim of making our country self-sufficient in fertilizers and grow sufficient food.
The age of science and technology demands all possible strength in some nation. Such strength one can have only when there is peace. All social and political progress of the world is only due to peace loving countries.
Our religion Islam emphasizes very much on tolerance and patience that always leads towards peaceful society. The Muslims today are losing tolerance and patience. They have been divided into various groups and are fighting with each other and leading towards downfall of the Muslim society.
(C) Importance of Social Networking:
Please see Q.3 (i) of 2014 Regular
(d) Importance of Commerce Education:
Please see Q.3 (i) of 2014 Private
4. Write the character sketch of anyone of the following:
(i) Rudolf Rassendyll
(ii) Princess Flavia
(i) Rudolf Rassendyll:
Novelists have always given much attention to build up the character of the hero. Prisoner of Zenda is also an example of this technique. Rassendyll stands as the hero of this novel. We judge his character from the following few points.
He belongs to a noble family of England. Throughout his role, he maintains family honor. Dignity speaks itself in his character.
He is well educated Youngman of 29. He has got his higher education in a German University. He knows German, English and French and can also speak Spanish and Latin. As such, we can regard him a well learned man.
It is his personality which makes him real hero. we see almost all the qualities of head and heart in him. Physically he is handsome, tall and strong. We find him a good rider and gallant soldier. His fair complexion i.e. red hair, straight nose and blue eyes attract all. Equally he is a deep thinker and a good planner.
He has a simple but romantic nature. It is his selfless nature which induces him to save Ruritania. Flavia falls in love with him and he pays in the same coins. We find him sincere and true in lover. His sacrifice in love puts him in high esteem.
He is a man of strong will power, Black Michael offers him bribe but his honesty does not allow him to accept it. In short, Rassendyll is the character which rules over the novel and attracts the readers to read the novel till its last page.
Please see q. 4(or) of 2013 Regular
5. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow:
Men, who. are always grumbling about their poverty, complaining of their difficulties and thinking of their lot in this world as mean and poor, will never get any happiness or achieve any success. How so ever miserable our life may be, if we face it bravely and courageously and try to make the best of it, we shall find that after all- it is not so had as we had thought and we may have our moments of happiness and joy of success. There is nothing mean or unclean until we make it by the wrong attitude we adopt towards it. Thus, our attitude should be positive, realistic and pragmatic.
(i) What kind of men will never get happiness? ,
(ii) How should we face life?
(iii) What should be our attitude?
(iv) Give a title to the passage.
(i) Those who complain their difficulties to the world will never get happiness
(ii) We should face the life bravely and courageously and try to make the best of it.
(iii) Our attitude should be positive, realistic, and pragmatic.
(iv) Key of Happiness.