SECTION ‘A’ (MULTIPLE QUESTIONS ANSWER)
SECTION ‘B’ (SHORT QUESTIONS ANSWER)
2.i) How does the Miller deceive little Hans?
Hans and the Miller are the central characters in the story ‘The Devoted Friend’, written by Oscar Wilde. The Miller’s claim to be Hans’s best friend cannot stand examination. He said “Real friends should have everythin.g in common”, but he never shared anything wiShpoor Hans when he was starving in winter. He said “when people are in trouble, they should be left alone”, but when the Miller’s son fell off the ladder, he came to poor Hans for help. Whe9 the Miller promised that he would ‘give little Hans his old wheelbarrow, the Miller said “generosity is the essence of friendship”. However, he never carried out his promise. Rather, he expected a great of generosity from poor Hans In return of the worthless wheelbarrow, the Miller first took a big plank of wood, then flowers, then sent him on long errands, then got him to work at his mill, and finally sent him to bring the doctor for his son. Even at Hans’s funeral, the Miller demanded the best place on account of being his best friend.
ii) Describe any important incident of the novel ‘The Prisoner of Zenda’.
In the novel The Prisoner of Zenda by Anthony Hope I find the ending of the story most interesting because this is the part where the conflict in the novel is resolved. Rassendyll and Princess Flavia confess their love for each other, but at the same time they know that they have to sacrifice their love for the sake of honour and duty to the country and King. Although Rassendyll could have made the decision to take the King’s place, especially as it meant that he could marry Princess Flavia, Rassendyll is too honourable to 0.0 so. In the end, Rassendyll leaves Ruritania and lives a quiet life in the country.
iii) State the reasons given by Liaquat All Khan for the desire of the Muslims not to continue living in undivided India.
The main reason given by Liaquat Ali Khan in his speech ‘Pakistan and the Modern World’ was the disproportionate number of the Muslims and the Hindus. In pre-partition India, there lived a hundred million Muslims and three hundred others-mostly Hindus. Therefore, freedom from the British wol1ld be virtually meaningless to Muslims because the higher number of Hindus would make the Muslims a permanent political minority. Thus it would not be freedom but merely a change of masters.
iv) Give a description of the fourth stage in a man’s life as given in the poem, ‘The Seven Ages of Man’.
At this stage of his life, man’s strength and courage is at zenith. He enjoys energetic life with a fearfully quick-tempered nature. He is not contended at what he has and always looks what other have. Since he is quite emotional and warm blooded that ‘is why quarrels are parts of his normal daily life.
He is always be seeker of worldly name and fame ..which is short lived, and transient like a bubble which disappears within no time from its appearance. His thrust for getting honour and esteem never quenches and strives his best to gain status. Putting his life at stake for getting something notable is quite easy for him.
v) What does Ulysses mean by the following lines? Made weak by time and fate but strong in will To strive, to seek, to find, and not to yield.
In the final stanza, Ulysses addresses the mariners with whom he has worked, traveled, and weathered life’s storms over many years. He declares that although he and they are old, they still have the potential to do something noble and honorable before “the long day wanes.” He encourages them to make use of their old age because “’tis not too late to seek a newer world.” He declares that his goal is to sail onward “beyond the sunset” until his death. Perhaps, he suggests, they may even reach the “Happy Isles,” or the paradise of perpetual summer described in Greek mythology where great heroes like the warrior Achilles were believed to have been taken after their deaths. Although Ulysses and his mariners are not as strong as they were In youth, they are “strong in will” and are sustained by their resolve to push onward relentlessly: “To strive, to seek, to find, and not to yield.”
OR Give the theme of the poem ‘Music when Soft Voices die’.
The poem tells us that even after we stop listening to good music, this soft music lingers on in our memories for a long time to come. Another example that he gives is of. flowers like violets, telling us that even after flowers die away, their sweet scent lingers with us for a long time to come. Giving yet another example, the poet tells us-that even after a rose withers away its petals, are scattered on the bed of loved ones in order to make the room sweet scented. In the last, he empresses the central idea asserting that everything and every one that we love can never be forgotten by us even though they are not with us any longer. Therefore, the poet declares that even though his beloved is no longer with him, yet her loving though shall live in his memory and even though the poet will not be able to actively show the love for her, yet in a silent, quite manner, he shall continue to love her as long as he lives.
vi) Describe the incident that inspired Wordsworth to write ‘The Solitary Reaper’.
The poet was roaming in the Scottish hills when he saw a highland girl in the valley. She was reaping and singing by herself in a field. He .says that anyone passing by should either stop here, or “gently pass” so as not to disturb her. As she “cuts and binds the grain” she “sings a melancholy strain,” and the valley overflows with the beautiful, sad sound. The poet says that the sound is more welcome than any chant of the nightingale to weary travelers in the desert, and that the cuckoo-bird in spring never sang with a voice so thrilling. Impatient, the poet asks, “Will no one tell me what she sings?” He speculates that her song might be about “old, unhappy, far-off things, I And battles long ago,” or that it might be humbler, a simple song about “matter of today.” Whatever she sings about, he says, he listened “motionless and still,” and as he traveled up the hill, he carried her song with him in his heart long after he could no longer hear it. This is the incident that inspired Wordsworth to write ‘The Solitary Reaper’..
OR How did Thurber’s mother cope with the situation in The
Day the Dam Broke?
In his essay ‘The Day the Dam Broke’ James Thurber tells that unlike the other people, who ran out leaving fires burning and food cooking and doors wide open, his mother tumed out all the fires. She planned to take refuge somewhere in the top of Memorial Hall, so she took with her a dozen eggs and two loaves of bread as a precaution against hunger during the refuge. However, she could not reach Memorial Hall as the flood of people, who were shouting “God east”, drew her along and the rest of her family members with her.
vii) Give a comparison between Elphberg and Rassendy
viii) Who was the p ri son e r 0f Zen d a? W by was h imprisoned?
Rudolf Elphberg is the prisoner In the castle of Zenda. He is son of late king of Ruritania and heir to throne. He was Imprisoned because his half brother Black Michael wanted to be the king of Ruritania himself and he planned a wicked scheme to imprison the real king on the day of coronation.
ix) Did Madam de Mauban betray Michael rightly? Comment with reasons.
Mauban was a rich widow and ambitious. She was an educated woman and higl:1ly influential. She loved Michael with her heart and soul and wanted to marry him. Michael only wanted to be the king and marry Flavia. He deceived her and used her for his evil purposes. She was .oyal to him but when it dawned to her that he had no Interest in her she started to help the opponent part. She wrote letters to Rassendyll and Flavia and Informed them about the evil ntentions of Black Michael. As she knew that Michael was not the legal king so she did not help him in “IS evil plans.
x) Was the trial of Jones fair? State the reasons.
It is clear from the proceedings, behaviour of the court and the magistrate that he did not give .Jones a fair trail. He has done no more than Mr. Jones has done, he is not punished for his power and Jones is punished. The maqistrate said that he was not concerned about what was taken or not laken. He wanted to know why he resisted the police in the execution of their duty. It is evident that the judge is not willing to listen against the rich family which is not justified.
xi) Describe how Ulysses inspired his sailors to embark on a n w ad ·enture.
Ulysses declares that it IS bonng to stay in one place, and that to remain stationary is to rust rather than to shi e; to stay in one place is to pretend that all there IS to life is the Simple act of breathing whereas he knows that in fact life contains much novelty, and he longs to encounter this. His spirit yearns constantly for new experiences that will broaden his horizons; he wishes “to follow knowledge like a sinking star” and forever grow in wisdom and in learning. In the final stanza, Ulysses addresses the mariners with whom he has worked, traveled, and weathered life’s storms over many years. He declares that although he and they are old, they still have the potential to do something noble and honorable before “the long day wanes.” He encourages them to make use of their old age. because “tis not too late to seek a newer world.” He declares that his goal.is to sail onward “beyond the sunset” until his death.
xii) What, according to Bertrand Russell, should Asian countries accept from the West and what should they reject?
In the chapter ‘Reflections on the Re-awakening East’, Bertrand Russell advises the ASian countries to accept industrialism from the West because it is a necessary condition of survival in modern times. Industrialism is a source of power and Asian countries will it difficult to preserve their independence without it. Bertrand Russell also warns Asian countries of the devastating consequences of copying the m stake ofthe West. Ruthless despots have brought the West to disaster. Their deep desire to have control other nations crushed human happiness at large. Thus, Asian countries should accept all means of prosperity and reject all ways of destruction.
xiii) Explain these lines: In front the sun climbs slow, how slowly But westward, look, the land is bright!
In these lines the poet says that we should always remain hopeful and should never think that our efforts are useless and are not producing immediate results. He gives the example of a man who is looking at the rising SUfl through eastern windows. To him it appears that the sun is rising very slowly. But when he looks towards the west he finds tnat the sun has spread its light in all directions and has brightened the whole land. Thus. the poet tells us that our struggles do not go waste and bring good results in the long run.
xiv) Change the narration:
Why have you disturbed the class?’ said the teacher. ‘If ou do this again, you will be punished,’ he added.
The teacher asked why he had disturbed the class and he further warned him that if he does it again he will be punished.
xv) Use any Five of the following idioms in sentences of your own:
To carry out: I was Instructed to carry q”ut the teacher’s orders as per instructions.
A red letter day: My result is going to be announced on the 3rd 0 June, which is a red letter day for me.
A bone of can ention: The new cell phone is a bone of conte tion between the two twins.
In black and white: I was given the job description in black and white on my first day on job.
Pros and Cons: We should see the pros and cons of everything befor . taking any decision.
To look down upon: It is advised not to look down upon anyon because we don’t know the circumstances they are in.
To die in harness: My friend’s brother died in harness due to sudden heart attack.
To call a spade a spade: We should be brave enough to call a spade a spade and not be influenced by any authority
SECTION ‘C’ (DETAILED QUESTIONS ANSWER)
Write an essay on any One of the following:
(i) Impact of Facebook on Students
Advances in technology enhance our lives in healthy, positive ways. These days, shopping, education, communication and entertainment are only a few clicks away. Social networking in particular enriches our lives by helping us to connect and share with colleagues, clients, family and friends in ways that wouldn’t otherwise be possible. Spending too much time on these sites, however, can have negative impacts, especially in the lives of teens
Teens who have a strong Facebook presence may display psychological disorders, such as anti-social behaviors, and mania & aggressive tendencies. An anti-social child often does not consider the effects their actions have on others. This can be quite dangerous, especially during the already-volatile teen years. Perhaps this should be termed the anti social media effect
The Facebook effect is real, but teens who “overdose” on technology daily, and this includes video games tob, have higher
absenteeism from school a~d are more likely to get stomach aches,
have sleep issues, and feel more anxious and depressed.
On’ a happier note, there were a few benefits to FacebooK use, including development of a “virtual” empathy which actually affected friends’ moods positively, and caused teens to be more empathetic in their everyday lives, as well. It seems that encouraging comments online can put a smile on someone’s face and improve moods
Facebook and other social networking sites give shy children a way to socialize which might otherwise be lacking altogether. Hopefully, this virtual training ground can extertc into actual face-to-face interactions
Use of Facebook may impact self-esteem in a positive way and allows children to develop their self-identity. Choosing a profile photo, listing likes & dislikes, favorites of this-and-that, quotations, and the like, all “force” us to become more self-aware
(ii) Energy Crises
Energy is considered to be life line of any economy and most vital instrument of socioeconomic development of a country. Energy is pivotal in running machinery in factories and industrial units, for lighting our cities and powering our vehicles etc.
There has been an enormous increase in the demand of energy as a result of industrial development ana population growth, in comparison to enhancement in energy production. Supply of energy is, therefore, far less than the actual demand, resultantly crisis has emerged. An energy crisis can be defined as any great bottleneck (or price rise) in the supply of energy resources to an economy
Pakistan’s energy infrastructure is not well developed, rather it is considered to be underdeveloped and poo~y managed. Currently the country is facing severe energy crisis. Despite of strong economic growth and rising energy demand during past decade, no serious efforts have been made to install new capacity of generation. Moreover, rapid demand growth, transmission losses due to outdated infrastructure, power theft, and seasonal reductions in the availability of hydropower have worsened the situation. Consequently, the demand exceeds supply and hence load-shedding is a common phenomenon through power shutdown
Energy is pivotal for running all other resources and crisis of energy directly influences all other sectors of the economy. The economic progress is hampered by decline in agricultural productivity as well as by halting in operations of industries. One important factor of lower GDP and inflation of commodity prices in recent years is attributed to shortfalls in energy supply
Agricultural productivity of Pakistan is decreasing due to provision of energy for running tube wells, agricultural machinery and production
of fertilizers and pesticides. Thus higher energy means higher agricultural productivity
Nearly all Industrial units are run with the energy and breakage in energy supply is having dire consequences on industrial growth. As a result of decline in energy supply, industrial units are not only being opened, but also the existing industrial units are gradually closing.
By closure of industrial units and less agricultural productivity, new employment opportunities ceased to exist and already employed manpower is shredded by the employers to increase their profit ratios. Thus energy crisis contributes towards unemployment
Declination in economic growtn, lower agricultural productivity, unemployment and shackling industrial growth result in increasing poverty. Currently, around forty percent of our population is living beyond poverty line and this ratio is increasing day by day. Ample control of energy crisis will surely yieldin curbing the menace of poverty.
Energy Crisis has, more or less, plagued all sectors of Pakistan’s machinery ranging from economy to industry, agriculture to social life, inflation to poverty and it is hampering national progress in a drastic manner. Nonetheless, menace of energy crisis can be overwhelmed by government through making effective policies and ‘its proactive implementation. Simultaneously, it is the responsibility of us, the people of Pakistan, to utilize the available energy astutely and wisely to play our due role for progress of the country
(iii) T-20 World Cup-2014
The 2014 ICC World Twenty20 was the fifth ICC World Twenty20 competition, an international Twenty20 cricket tournament, which took place in Bangladesh from 16 March to 6 April 2014, which was won by Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka was beaten in the 2007 and 2011 World Cup finals and the 2009 and 2012 World T20 finals.
World Cup and Champions Trophy winners India were hoping to become the first team to hold all three limited-overs trophies. But their quest was undermined by a disappointing batting performance that stalled badly after Rohit Sharma drove to short extra cover in the 11th over for 29 to break a second-wicket partnership of 60 with Kohli
Yuvraj Singh, so often a destructive batsman in the shorter forms of the game, looked horribly out of touch as he scratched around for 11 off 21 balls. Jayawardene swiped Suresh Raina to midwicket to depart for 24 and, when Lahiru Thirimanne nicked Amit Mishra to wicketkeeper Dhoni, Sri Lanka were wobbling on 78-4. But Perera announced his intent by hitting Mishra over long-on for a huge six and followed up with another maximum in the leg-spinner’s next over. Sangakkara thrashed consecutive fours off Ashwin to reach his half-century and take Sri Lanka to within four runs of the title
Perera danced down the track to apply the perfect finish and spark jubilant scenes among the Sri Lanka players and fans
(iv) I love My Parents
My parents are very fond of me; they care for me. But there end all their love. They never doted me, the way many parents do! Perhaps
that is one of the reasons how they keep shaping me up to excel • continually, both at school and at home.
At the same time, they never scolded me even once. Whenever I did anything wrong, they pointed out my mistakes and corrected m
As my father’s job is a transferable one, once in two years we will be shifting to different cities in Pakistan! This again enabled me to explore different places, meet different people-and learn their customs and gain knowledge. My parents had bought all that I needed However, before buyjng a thing nicely analyzed in what way would that be useful to me
Once I asked for a toy machine gun. “No my dear son,” said my father politely refusing, “Even as a play thing you should not get used to gun culture, because as days pass by, you will show more interest in guns and fire arms, So, ask anything else
What he said was true. Two days later he showed me a news item. It read that a school boy in America brouqht a genuine fire arm to the school and shot six of his fellow students just for the heck of it! It was blamed later that he had seen his father hunt the birds with the gun and that influenced him to use his gun
Instead, my parents had bought me lot of books. Fables, activities, biographies, and many more, apart from subscribing to Dawn’s Young World, an unparalleled child’s magazines. ~II these books helped me in acquiring immense knowledge about everything, be it road safety or good habits, arts and cultur
And twice a month my father took me to the swimming pool and taught me to swim too. And he also made ‘arrangement with the local gym which I visited every day
My parents insisted that I watch educational channels like Discovery, History, Animal Planet and National Geography. I was provided with a latest computer at home with intemet connection. But I seldom browse through the net.
Finally, let me quote these great sayings about parents. “God cannot be every Where, so he made mothers. A father is a library to his child.” My parents are just the same. Hence, I love my parents dearly and vice versa
‘Colonel Sapt is the real protector of the House of Elphberg?’ Justify the statement.
Colonel Sapt is one of the most significant and momentous characters of the novel entitled Prisoner of Zenda, written by Anthony Hope. Being the most loyal servant of the kind, Colonal Sapt was the man behind the impersonating. of King Elphberg by Rudolf Russendyll. It was due to his guidance that Rassendyll could successfully play the role of king Elphberg
Colonal Sapt has played the character of an honest person who has sincere wishes to save the throne for the real king of Ruritania. A single glance over the mentioned qualities will bring to light the noble character of Colonal Sapt
Courage and Bravery:
Courage and Bravery: Colonal Sapt is a brave man whose “d1ia ry keeps him motivatedJoLtaking personal risks. H” . ows great valour on all events. He is also very loyal to ~- . mg and serves the throne with dedication and faith. Bei”- a sovereiqn authority, he has enough experience in the art of r overning people. His only objective in life is to reinstate King Elpl”>'(,rg. For this achievement, he uses all the persons including Countess Flavia as pieces of chess board.
Sapt’s courage and determination is enlighted when he said to Rassendyll: “If we’re detected, I’ll send Black Micheal down below before I go myself
Wisdom and Sensibility
Colonal Sapt is a wise man. His superb prudence made him sensible enough not take reckless steps. He uses his mind and intelligence on the battlefield of life. It was merely due to his witticism that Rassendyll’s identification was not revealed. Although
the Colonal does not accept advises from others, his gorgeous mentality enables him to crush all the obstacles that come in the path of his aim. Due to these qualities, he exalted himself in the eyes of the king and Rassendyll
His wisdom is enlighted when he said: If you do not go I swear to you Black Micheal will sit tonight on thethrone, and the king lie in prison or his grave
Colonal Sapt is not only a good advisor, but also a sincere friend of Rassendyll. He became RassendylYsfriend as soon as they both met. Colonal Sapt served his friend on every difficult stage. A good example of sincere friendship is seen at the Summer House, when Russendyll was in a dangerous situation among the enemies.
Colonal Sapt appears to be a confirmed bachelor having low opinion about women. He never trusts in ladies, but believes that women spoil everything. Even the princess does not come in exception to his ·hatred for the opposite gender.
When Mme de Mauban invites Rassendyll to the Summer House, he said:
do not believe any woman and you shall not go.” Discipline: Colonal Sapt is a well-disciplined man. He has some firm rules, which are strictly followed by him. This discipline and devotion leads the colonal to serve the king and his country. When Rassendyll went to Marshall for some help without consulting him, Sapt angrily said:
“Sapt likes to be consulted before hand, not informed afterwards.” Loyalty: Colonal Sapt is a colona: in the Ruritanian ·Army. He is the oldest of all the hot-blooded armymen The colonal is a devoted servant of the king. His loyalty is for the cause of monarchy and not for any particular person. He has a highly productive mind, which enables him to act daringly to restore the throne. He succeeded in liberating was the actual in eritor to the throne says:
“‘ have eaten . ‘s bread a, a i am the King’s servant.”
Conclusion: The charac rformed by Colona I Sapt is worth-readlnq. Readers get fascinated is isdom, loyalty, courage arid good principles.
OR Compare and contrast the characters of Princess Flavia and Madam de Mauban.
Princess Flavia is a character from the novel entitled The Prisoner of Zenda, written by Anthony Hope. She is the only female character who is not directly involved in the conspiracies, which pervade the entire atmosphere of the novel. She is the cousin and fiancee of King Rudolf Elphberg and is the immediate inheritor to the throne. She bears a beWitching personality and fascinates the readers by the elegant attitude
Her appearance can be perceived by Rudolf Rassendyll’s saying:
“A girl pale and lovely, surmounted by a crown of glorious Elphberg hair.”
Bgautiful Aspects of her Role: Princess Flavia Is a young, captieatinq ana decent lady. She possesses a character full of virtues and commands great respect and admiration among the people of Ruritania. They wish to see her as the future queen of the country. She is a nob e arid kind-hearted woman
Trust men, and they will be true to you; treat them greatly, and
they will show themselves great
Duty and Patriotism: Princess Flavia is a responsible lady. She very
loyal to her country and knows the difference between love and duty. She sets an example of the greatest sacrifice by giving up her love at the altar of duty. This aspect of her character shows that she is not the slave of her passions.
Here sense of duty is enlightened when she says to Rassendyll:
“Your ring will always be on my finger, your heart in my heart. But you must go and I must stay.”
The Great Sacrifice: In order to maintain peace in Ruritania and not 0 disgrace the royal family, Princess Flavia took a sensible and daring step. She sacrificed her love for the sake of her homeland and p rted with Rassendyll forever. It was a noble and graceful decision in the interest of Ruritania and the Royal family.
“There is no moral authority like that-of sacrifice.”
Conclusion: Princess Flavia proves to be not only the leading female character of the novel but also the most lively and integral personality. She holds the attentions of the readers because of her charm, duty and incredible virtues. She respected the wishes of the people and the country and gave up her love for the sake of her country. She is a complete symbol 0, love, beauty and sacrifice, which makes her an admirable character ..
“To love one person with a private love is poor and miserable, to love all is glorious.”
Antoinette De Mauban
Introduction: Among the leading characters of the novel, Prisoner of
Zenda,” there are only.two belonging to the fair sex, which are of paramount significance. Princess Flavia gains more prominence being the heroine of the novel but lady Mauban is of no less importance for the development of the plot.
Antoinette.De Mauban is described as:
“A widow, riGl;-amfllandsome and according to repute, ambitious.” •
t is pointed out that:
“She Is perhaps a year or two over thirty, tall, dark, and of rather full figure.”
Rudolf Rassendyll speaks of her handsome face and proud smile. She is ro,ling in wealth and is known to be very ambitious.
Political Adventuress: Antoinette De Mauban is a wealthy widow and a very popular figure in the aristocratic circJ,es of the society. She is not a Ruritanian by birth. She comes to Ruritania to attend the coronation ceremony of Rudolf Elphberg. She is a political adventuress, that iswhy she takes stocks of the political situation of Ruritania and wants to exploit it.
Interested in Outward Glamour: She is interested in outward glamour and superficial things of life. This is the reason that she is impressed by the outward appearance of life and people. On her way to Zenda, she refuses to be introduced to Rudolf Rassendyll, because he is shabbily dressed Regarding this, George says to Rassendyll
Well, I offered to bring you to her; but she said, another time
She loves to be in the lime light all the time
She flew like a beautiful butteifly in the high circles of society.”
An Over Ambitious Lady:
Antoinette De Mauban is an over ambitious lady. She loves Black Michael in the hope of becoming the queen of Ruritania by marring him. Black Michael is a hypocrite and not sincere to her. He has no genuine love for her. He makes her tool for carrying out his evil designs. But there comes time when she becomes aware at’ the fact that black Michael does not love her and is exploiting her for political motive, and actually he wants to marry Princess Flavia in order to become the King of Ruritania. In retaliation she, then, helps Rassendyll in rescuing the real king of Ruritania.
An over ambitious person is bound to meet a tragic end.”
A symbol of Jealousy It is said that
love makes one jealous.”
This saying holds true for Antoinette De Mauban. When she comes to know that Black Michael has diverted his attention towards Princess Flavia in order to fulfil his evil plans, she warns Rassendyll and Flavia about the evil intentions of Black Michael. She is not ready to allow Black Michael to marry Princess Flavia.
She said to Rassendyll about Black Michael:
My God! Shall I see him marry her?”
Kind·Hearted, Sympathetic and helpful
She is kind-hearted,
sympathetic and helpful. She cannot see others engulfed in troubles
and storms of life. She is very helpful in the attempts made by Rassendyll to rescue the real king of Ruritania. She not only acquaints him with the evil nature and evlt designs of Black Michael but also saves his life at the Summer House. She says to Rassendyll
Go past the Summer House, on for a hundred yards, and you will find a ladder against the wall. Get over it and fly for you life.”
Sincere in love:
“Fate of love is unpredictable. A lover gets a few moments to smile; often the lover sighs, sobs, weeps, writhe in agony and pines away in love.”
Antoinette De Mauban loves Black Michael with the core of he.r heart. Her love is based on sincerity. She tnists him and for quite sometime believes that he is go!ng to marry her. Then her innocent and tender heart has to sustain a severe shock as she realizes that Black Michael is net faithful to her. He is over ambitious and wants to get the throne as well as, Princess Flavia. However, she does not give up her claim over Michael and keep striving to possess him for ever. She is a woman of strong nerves and unshaken will power
“Frustration in love results in emotional action.”
Beyond only shadow of doubt and without ‘any exaggeration Mauban is a paragon of beauty. Mauban’s presence in the castle adversely affects the cause of Black Michael. Rupert, one of his strongest supporter, is attracted by Mauban’s ravishing beauty but she repulses him. This is something which is also not bearable for Michael. There develops a conflict between him and Rupert. Rupert fights with Black Michael in order to win her and stabs him to death. Rudolf Rassendyll says about her beauty
“She was in evening dress, arrayed very sumptuously, and her
dark striking beauty was marvellously displayed.”
An Important Character: A deep study of her character reveals that despite loving a villain like Black Michael, she herself is not a villainous character, Her character is very interesting, and absorbing and holds our attention throughout the novel. Her only weak point is her love and irresistible desire for glamour, fame and high status. In short, she occupies a significant position in the female g~lIery of characters created by mighty pen of Anthony Hope
OR Rassendyll is the real King. Comment
In his role as a king, Rudolf Rassendyll is far more impressive than the real king. He carries out his duties as a king would majestically and tactfully without revealing his true identity. People love him and accept him as the real king not doubting for an instance about him being a disguise. Colonel Sapt liked him and wanted him to continue serving the kingdom but Rassendyll was a loyal person. He gave the throne to the real king when he came back and himself left Ruritania
Read the following passage and answer the questions gi n below:
A SOCIalproblem is a social situation that violates a social value and its norms. It starts with the awakening of people in a given locality and can be eliminated by collective efforts of the people. Illiteracy and popula on expansion are social problems because they can be eliminated by collective efforts. On the other hand, earthquake and storm are not social problems, as they can not be controlled by group efforts of the people.
i) What is a social problem?
Ans: A social problem is a social situation that violates a social value and its norms.
ii) How does a social proble begi and how can it be resolved?
starts with the awakening of people in a given locality and can be eliminated by collective efforts of the people.
iii) How can a social problem be differentiated from non-social problem?
A social problem can be differentiated from a non-social problem as a social problem can be controlled by group efforts of the people and non-social problems can not be controlled.
Suggest a suitable title.
Social and Non-Social Problems