Section “A” (Multiple Choice Questions)
Q.1 Choose the correct answer for each from the given options:
(i) The phrase ‘by leaps and bounds’ means:
(ii) “If hopes were dupes, fears may be liars”, These lines have been taken from the poem:
* Say not the Struggle Naught Availeth.
* An Essay on Man
* Samson Agonistes
(iii) The Man of Life Upright for defence needs neither towers nor:
* secret vaults
(iv) In the poem An Essay on Man, the poet considers a great teacher to be:
* Book of fate
* Blindness of future
(v) A Chauvinist is:
* highly patriotic.
* narrow-minded patriot
* religious person
(vi) “Twenty Minutes with Mrs. manipulation of:
(vii) Dr. Mallory was a man with white bread and looked like:
* George Washington
* Robert Browning,
* Julius Caesar
(viii) The only female character who showed the pure romantic aspect in the novel is:
* Countess Helga
* Princess Flavia,
* Lady Rose Burlesdon
(ix) A poem to mourning the death of someone is a/an:
(x) Albert Einstein believed “Force always attracts men of:
* low morality
* high morality
* average morality
* the highest morality
(xi) Ulysses represents human:
(xii) Columbus and Vasco da Gorno were the pioneers of the new:
(xiii) The group called “The Six” refers to:
* Rassendyll’s men
* King’s servants
* Sapt’s party
* Lawless murderers,
(xiv) ‘Say not the Struggle Naught Availeth’ teachers us the lesson of:
(xv) On the Zenda Estate, Johann was Duke Black Michael’s:
(xvi) The renowned philosopher, Schopenhauer belonged to:
* the U.S.A
(xvii) At the fifth stage of life, a man becomes:
(xviii) Count Fritz was interested in:
(xix) After the rumour of ‘broken dam’, order was restored and fear dispelled finally by:
(xx) “The music in my heart I bore”, “Long after it was heard no more” These lines have been taken from the poem:
* The Seven Ages of Man
* Music When Soft Voices Die.
* The Solitary Reaper
SECTION” B” (Short-Answer Questions)
Q.2 (i) According to Liaquat Ali Khan, what demands does out freedom make on us?
Ans. Liaquat Ali Khan tells that the freedom is much more important for Pakistan. The time demands attention to realities of society. It is no use of talking too much about the past. We need modern concepts to keep pace with other developing nations. We should adopt a good speed of progress. Whatever resources are available to them should be utilized to achieve the real goal of freedom.
(ii) What is Bertrand Russell’s advice to the countries of Asia?
Ans. Bertrand Russel advised the countries of Asia that Asian countries should not repeat the same kind of oppressive policies as the Western Colonialists had perpetrated on their colonial subject. He suggested that they should learn from what had happened to the colonialists for their erroneous way of ruling over the East.
(iii) In what way in Death a great teacher in the eyes of Alexadner Pope?
Ans. According to Alexander Pope the death is a great teacher because we remain patient in the hope of good results of our life. So long man is alive, his soul is restless an anxious. The moment he dies, his should is set free. So in order to end the worldly troubles one should wait for the moment of death.
(iv) What is the theme of the poem “Say not the Struggle Naught Availeth”?
Ans. It is the poem by Arthur Hugh Clough. The poet is of the view that struggle in life is not useless. Things certainly undergo a change through human efforts other might be persuing a cause to which we are unaware and if we also help them in their effort, we might enable them to succeed in their mission. The sea waves might appear to be uselessly colliding against the shore, but the sea waves working steadily create new inlets into the land. The sun rises slowly but it lights us from the distant.
(v) Colonel Sapt’s wisdom and loyalty saved the King and throne of Ruritania. Comment.
Ans. Colonel Sapt was a well experienced court man and Loyal to the throne. King Rudolf was taken prisoner by his half brother Black Michael. Colonel Sapt was very useful in all affairs and watchful in guarding the king. He made a. plan with the help of Rassendyll and Fritz to rescue King Rudolf and attacked the castle of Zenda where the king was imprisoned. He made Rassendyll a .disguised king to save the throne and succeeded in his plan.
(vi) Row did Samson take revenge upon his· enemies?
Ans. Samson possessed super natural strength and had killed many philistines who were deadly enemies of his race. He was captivated by philistines through treachery of his wife and was immediately blinded. Once when the philistine’s leaders and the noble-persons of the city were celebrating a festival and he was brought to the palace to show feast of skill and strength to the great gathering.
He showed some feast of skill. Then he wanted some rest. As he passed through the pillars he made a request to his guide to let him lean on the pillars, because he was overtired. As he felt the pillars in his arms he behaved as if he offered hi« prayers. Soon he announced to show a great feast. Saying this he pulled the two pillars. The whole roof of the palace fell on the lords. All the people including Samson were killed but in this way he sacrificed his life for the sake of his nation.
(vii) Give reasons for the magistrate’s decision fo discharge Mrs. Jones.
Ans. The magistrate is not happy with the attitude of Mr. Jones as he argues with the magistrate while Mrs. Jones’s attitude is so praying. Though Mrs. Jones is found the culprit but as Mr. Jones accepts the crime, the magistrate discharges Mrs. Jones.
(viii) Describe the last meeting between Rudolf Rassendyll and Princess Flavia.
Ans. The last meeting of Rassendyll and Princess Flavia is very important. Rassendyll tells the real story and offers her to go with him as they would spend happy life as they there in love with each other, true but Princess Flavia prefers her duty to the throne rather than her love and refuses Rassendyll to go with him. He also accepts it and leaves her forever.
(ix) What has inspired William Wordsworth to compose the poem, “The Solitary Reaper”?
Ans. A young highland girl who was singing a melancholy song. Her song was so melodious though the poet could not get the language of the Solitary Reaper neither could he understand the theme of her song but the melodious rhymes and the way of her singing inspired the poet to compose the poem “Solitary Reaper”.
(x) Write five sentences on Mrs. Oakentubb.
Ans. Mrs. Oakentubb was a wicked and clever woman. She was drunk and selfish lady. She killed two pedestrians, a lady and her daughter. She had a bet for five pounds only to cover a distance to the coast in fifteen minutes and killed two pedestrians for saving her own life. She spent 18 months in prison but did not repent on her crime. In last she met her tragic end.
(OR) Which period was called “Dark Ages” by Bertrand Russell? Give reasons.
Ans. After the fall of Roman Empire they termed the period as “The Dark Ages”,because the Christian Europe was sunk in barbarism during the centuries, But in case of Spain, where’ Muslim civilization existed, it had a brilliant culture.
(xi) How did the Miller justify his not asking Hans to share some of his good things during winter?
Ans. The Miller justified his not asking Hans to share some of his good things during winter as when his son and wife said so, he replied that I don’t want to loose my friend because if I land him these things, he would be ashamed. If he visited my house, he would be jealous and ask for something. I don’t want to dishonour his respect.
(xii) Explain these lines in your own words:
* Hope springs eternal in the human breast;
* Man never is, but always to be blest;
Ans. Reference to Context:
These lines occur in “An Essay on Man” by Alexander Pope. In this poem, he has given a message of hope arid better life to the struggling man.
Here the poet observes the nature of a man to get success in the world. He says that God tests the patience of man by placing him in difficulties. In these difficulties God kindles a splint of hope in human heart. To a bold man these troubles and difficulties are only passing showers which leave no sign behind. Nature thus teaches us to nurse hope instead of feeling help lessness, Hope is the guiding force for us. Our work is just to work hard and hope for the best.
(xiii) How did Madam de Mauban become the Cause for the murder of Black Michael?
Ans. At the end of story, Michael is killed by one of his friends, Rupert inside the castle as a result of rivalry between then as both of them are equally desirous to win her favour, so Mauban becomes an apple of discard between Michael and Rupert, in view of this it is true to a great extent that Madam de Mauban was responsible the said rivalry and [or Michael’s tragic death.
(OR) What things of beauty did Keats find most inspiring in .the poem “Endymion”?
Ans. According to Keats, the things of beauty are the objects of nature, e.g., the sun, the moon, shady trees, flowing streams, beautiful flowers, wild roses, forests and clouds. Keats found these things as most inspiring. He also considered tombs of great men and the lovely tales about the dignity and morality ‘of the great men as most inspiring in’the poem “Endymion”,
(xiv) Change the following into indirect speech:
(a) Kiran asked, “What is the correct answer”?
Ans. Kiran asked what the correct answer was.
(b) The doctor said, “I am leaving now”.
Ans. The doctor told that he was leaving then.
(xv) Use any five idioms in your own sentences:
At arm’s length; to wash dirty linen in public; with open arms; to make both ends meet; to come round; to stand by; to sail in the same boat; under a dark could; at a stretch to pick holes in.
SECTION “C” (Detailed-Answer Questions)
Note: Answer all questions from this section. All questions carry equal marks.
Q.3 Write an essay on any One of the following:
World Cup 2015
The world cup was the 11th Cricket world cup jointly hosted by Australia and New Zealand from 14th February to 29th March 2015. Fourteen teams played 49 matches i.e. 26 in Australia and 23 in New Zealand. This was the second time the tournament was held in Australia and New Zealand.
All fourteen teams made their utmost efforts and tried to qualify to the quarter final by playing five rounds. Pakistani team lost all first three rounds and it seemed that Pakistani team would not reach the quarter final. With the grace of Allah Almighty Pakistani team won last two rounds to qualify but as the points of the team were not supporting the team to qualify and Pakistani team had to play one more round with Zimbabwe. It was the final chance for both the teams and winner team would qualify to the quarter final lndia Pakistan won the round. However Pakistani team could not maintain the winning position and could not qualify to the semi-final.
Indian team had been winning all the round matches and quarter final since the very beginning. It was being expected that India would win the final and become the world champion again. However some other teams i.e. South Africa, Australia and New Zealand were also in good form. India could not qualify to the final and lost in semi-final.
The final match of the world cup was played between the two co-hosts i.e. Australia and New Zealand in Australia. Australia won the world cup by seven wickets as it was an easy target for Australia. Australia became the World Champion for the fifth time and it is itself a world record.
Load Shedding & its Impacts on Industry
There are hundreds of problems in Pakistan but Load Shedding is an extra-ordinary problem which. is faced by all Pakistan except elite class.
Pakistan is basically an agricultural country. However trade and industry is the second main source of economy of Pakistan all the trade activities concerned through E-mail and internet are badly hampered due to Load Shedding. The yields of the industries are dropping as well as the cost production is also increasing. Various industrialists are struggling to come out from this crisis by using alternate methods of getting electricity i;e, heavy generators, solar electric pannels, even electricity producing plants and projects though it is very costly. However this way increases the cost of products which the poor customs have to bear.
Due to such circumstances many industries have closed and many industrialists are seriously thinking to close down their set up which will further deteriorate the job-less conditions of the country. This will hike less production of goods and’more demand leading to inflation.
Industries produce more goods at less cost even in better way but if there is no electricity, there is no production and even no development. There was a time when Faisalabad used to be called the Manchester of Pakistan because of a large number of industries and it was an industrial hub but alas! Faisalabad to is crying due to unannounced and never-ending Load Shedding. Karachi, once called, economic backbone of Pakistan has become the city of darkness and one of the deadly reasons is load shedding.
Importance of Discipline
Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah gave us the three leading principles of a successful life i.e. Unity, Faith. and Discipline. The first two leading principles are also very important for success and even to spend normal, tension free life.
Discipline means to pass life in a well organised manner. Discipline is necessary in every field of life. It is a successful system of commands and performance of work, regularity and compliance of orders.
The external discipline is a kind of discipline which is enforced by a competent authority. Internal discipline is the internal need, capacity and temperament of the individuals. It creates the sense of responsibility and help to perform honestly, Social discipline means to lead a successful life by acting upon social values and traditions. It creates the constructive and positive activities. It develops the educational system and self confidence among people.
Discipline is the only means of life which can uplift an individual, a society and a nation or even the world. The balance in responsibilities and rights is a true discipline. If one persistently demands for only rights avoiding his responsibilities, the balance gets out and discipline disappears. It is world-wide accepted granted and instructed that balance in responsibilities and right is the only worthwhile. However there are only demands, committees and organisations. Which raise the slogans for right not for responsibilities such as Human Rights, Women Rights, Labour Rights etc.
Uses and Abuses of Mobile Phone
With the invention of chordless phone, an idea of mobile phone develops. Actually it is a combination of chordless phone with cellular radio network. For that reason mobile phone is also called cell phones. It can also be connected to Internet via a memory-card and so many useful information from internet can be downloaded and stored into it.
Initially mobile phone was of big size and it was difficult to carry it and move from place to place. But now in the market, different sizes of mobile phones are available and one can keep it in his pocket easily. Now a latest cell phone is available in market in which one can keep 4 Sims in it. That means 4 lines in one mobile phone, So the communication becomes easy, fast and rapid. A cell-phone :s available which can be attached to computer and so by it means one Can operate internet. From internet many useful information can be>downloaded and stored. For that reason, its popularity is increasing day-by-day, so milch so, that a man in a street also keeps mobile-phone with him.
An engineer, a doctor, a businessman, a professor or an accountant, everyone feels happiness after keeping mobile phone and providing a trend of fashion. People want to keep the mobile-phone as a latest technology and are involved in- spending a lot of money on buying mobile phone without considering on their budget income and expenditure. Now another trend of crime street is seen now-a-days i,e, snatching of Mobile-phone. The rate of other criminal activities are also increased due to the increase use of mobile phones, Most of the students are found chatting with their fast friends and wasting their time and do not pay full attention in their studies. They are also found using mobile phone as a source of cheating. A person sitting outside the examination hall easily solved the whole paper and sends this solved paper to the candidate appearing for exams. In this way standard of our education is declining day by day
Q.4 Write a character sketch of Rudolf Rassendyll. OR Rudolf Elphberg
Ans. Character Sketch of Rudolf Rassendyll:
Novelists have always given much attention to build up the character of a hero. “Prisoner of Zenda” is also an example of this technique. Rassendyll stands as the hero of this novel. We judge his character from the following view points.
(1) Family Background:
He belongs to a noble family of England. Throughout his role, he maintains family honour. Dignity speaks itself in his character.
He is well educated young man of 29. He has got his higher education in a German University. He knows German, English and French and can also speak Spanish and Latin. As such, we can regard him a well learned man.
It is his personality which makes him real hero. We see almost all the qualities of head and heart in him. Physically he is handsome, tall and strong. We find him a good rider and gallant soldier. His fair complexion i.e. red hair, straight. nose and blue eyes attract all. Equally he is a deep thinker and a good planner.
He has a simple but romantic nature. It is his selfless nature which induces him to save Ruritania. Flavia falls in love with him and he pays in tire same coins. We find him sincere and true in love. He is a sincere and true lover. His sacrifice in love puts him in high esteem.
(5) Other Talents:
He is a man of strong will power. Black Michael offers him bribe but his honesty does not allow him to accept it. In short, Rassendyll is the character which rules over the novel and attracts the readers to read the novel till its last page.
Character Sketch of Rudolf Elphberg:
Rudolf Elphberg is one of the central characters of the novel. He is the prisoner in the castle of Zenda. He is son of the late king of Ruritania and the legal heir to the throne. He is a young, tall and handsome man having red hair, straight nose and blue eyes.
(2) Lack of Responsibility:
Rudolf Elphberg, the king is happy-go-luck type of man. He is pleasure loving man and wishes to pass a happy, luxurious and carefree life lacking sense of responsibility even common sense.
(3) Fond of Drinking:
He is fond of drinking wine and drinks the, wine on the invitation of Black Michael who is his half brother and wants to deprive the throne of Rudolf Elphberg and wants become to king of Ruritania. The wine is drugged and Elphberg becomes senseless on the day of his coronation.
(4) As a Friend:
He is not actually a bad person but week as the king. He has many good qualities i.e, a good and sincere friend. The people of Ruritania love him for his friendly attitude. Above all he makes Rassendyll his friend in his first meeting. He does not pay any attention but Colonel Sapt and Fritz who are his men in service.
(5) As a Lover:
He loves princess Flavia. His love for the princess is true, pure and free from selfishness or any kind of lust. He remains a romantic person to the princess.
(6) A Courageous Man:
He is a courageous man of a gentle nature. When he sees Rassendyll, who comes there to rescue him, he shows great courage in the room of castle of Zenda where he is kept Prisoner. Though he is tired and helpless because his hands are fettered yet he has a courage to pick up a chair and strike Detchard. with it. Thus he helps Rassendyll,
(7) His Place:
He is an inactive figure in the novel. He remains captive throughout the novel, but the whole story revolves around him. He reigns in the minds in the minds of the readers although he remains behind the screen.
Rudolf Elphberg is a key character in the novel “The Prisoner of Zenda”. Though his entry in the play is remarkable and its seems that he is some devoted king to his throne yet he remains as active character throughout the novel while he is in prison and remains behind the screen.
(OR) ‘Rupert of Hentzau is a terribly detestable man’. Comment.
Ans. Rupert as a terribly detestablemans
(1) One of the Six Resolute Gangsters:
Rupert Hentzau is one of the six resolute and unscruplous gentlemen in the service of the Duke of Strelsau. Three of these six are Ruritanian and Rupert is one of these three.
(2) Daring and Dangerous:
He is most daring and dangerous and the only one to remain alive at the end of the story.
(3) A Good Interviewer:
Going through the novel, we find a number of small events relating to the character of Rupert of Hentzau. Perhaps, the most important among them is that when Rupert has an interview with Rassendyll in the ground of the Palestine State. He conveys an offer form Michael of million crowns and a safe conduct to the frontiers. Rassendyll refuses.
(4) A Sharp Soldier:
As Rupert is about to mount his horse he suddenly hurls a dagger at
Rassendyll and wounds him in the shoulder. Rassendyll’s friends are only 30 yards away but· Rupert escapes their fire and gallops away.
In short Rupert is a befitting character in his place. He has all the qualities to stand at the negative side of the novel.
Q.5 Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow:
You have probably heard the saying “blind as bat”. It is not literally true. Bats have poor eyesight, but they are not blind and in the darkness, they find their way about by a system of echo-location, As they fly along, they emit continuous high-pitched squeaks which echo back to them from the surrounding objects. Their large ears and curious, sensitive faces, pick up these sound waves again and so they can judge their distance from the walls and trees and telegraph wires. Bats can even fly in a room where strands of cotton have been stretched from wall to wall without becoming entangled.
(i) What echoes back to them from surrounding objects?
Ans. When bats fly along, they emit continuous high-pitched squeaks which echo back to them from the surrounding objects.
(ii) How do bats judge their distance from surroundings?
Ans. Their large ears and curious, sensitive force pick up these sound waves again and so they can judge their distance from surrounding.
(iii) What can they do without becoming entangled?
Ans. Bats can even fly in a room where strands of cotton have been stretched from wall to wall without becoming entangled.
(iv) Why is the saying “as blind as bat” not literally true?
Ans. The saying “as blind as bat’ is not really true because bats have poor eyesight and can fly in the dark by a system of echo-location.
(v) Suggest at title for this passage.