SECTION “A” (MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS)
(1) The duration of World War II was:
(2) The plan proposed by Lord Mountbatten is called:
(A) Cabinet Mission Plan
(B) Cripps Mission Plan
(C) 3rd June Plan
(D) Nehru Plan
(3) The chief of the boundary commission at the time of partition of India was:
(4) The first constitutional assembly of Pakistan was dissolved by:
(A) Ayub Khan
(B) Iskander Mirza
(C) Ghulam Mohd.
(D) Yahya Khan
(5) The first president of Pakistan was:
(B) Iskander Mirza
(C) Liaquat Ali Khan
(D) Ayub Khan
(6) Karakaram Highway (Shahrah-e-Rasham) links Pak. to:
(7) The total area of Pakistan in wq. Km is:
(8) The highest mountain peak of Pakistan is:
(A) Peer panjal
(B) Nanga Parbat
(D) Godwin Austin K2
(9) The Shahi Qila (Fort) of Lahore was built by:
(D) Shah Jahan
(10) Masjid Mahabat Khan is situated in the city of:
(11) Heer Ranjha was written by:
(A) Rehman Baba
(B) Hashim Shah
(C) Waris Shah .
(D) Bulleh Shah
(12) The famous poet of Push to is:
(A) Sachal Sarmast
(B) Rehman Baba
(C) Bulleh Shah
(D) Munir Niazi
(13) Shah-jo-Resalo is the poetic collection of:
(A) Waris Shah
(B) Bulleh Shah
(C) Hashim Shah
(D) Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai
(14) Pakistan Imports:
(B) Sports goods
(C) Leather goods
(15) U.N. came into existence on:
(A) 24th October 1946
(B) 25th September 1947
(C) 24th October 1945
(D) 28th July 1946
(16) Second Islamic Summit Conference was held at:
(17) The partition of Bengal was annulled in A.D.:
(18) The all India Muslim League was founded in the year:
(19) In 1930, Allama Iqbal presented his presidential address
(20) The name of Pakistan was proposed by:
(B) Choudhry Rahmat Ali
(C) Sir Syed Ahmed
(D) Allama Iqbal
SECTION B (SHORT-ANSWER QUESTIONS)
2.(i) Why did the Muslim-s not accept the Nehru Report?
The “Nehru Report” (1928) was a memorandum outlining a proposed new Dominion Constitution for India. With few exceptions League leaders rejected the Nehru proposals. In reaction Mohammad Ali Jinnah drafted his Fourteen Points in 1929 which became the core demands the Muslim community put forward as the price of their participating in an independent united India. Their
main objections were:
(i) Separate electorates and weight age – the 1916 Congress-Muslim League agreement Lucknow Pact provided these to the Muslim community whereas they were rejected by the Nehru Report;
(ii) Residuary powers – the Muslims realized that while they would be a majority in the provinces of the North-East and North-West of India, and hence would control their provincial legislatures, they would always be a minority at the Centre. Thus they demanded, contra the Nehru Report that residuary powers go to the provinces.
(ii) What were the important points of 3rd June 1947 Plan?
The British government proposed a plan announced on 3 June 1947 that included these principles:
1. Principle of Partition of India was accepted by the British Government
2. Successor governments would be given dominion status
3. Implicit right to secede from the British Commonwealth The Indian Independence Act 1947 was the implementation of June 3 Plan.
The Act’s provisions
The Act’s most important provisions were:
• the division of British India into the two new and fully sovereign dominions of India and Pakistan, with effect from 15 August 1947;
• the partition of the provinces of Bengal and Punjab between the two new countries;
• the establishment of the office of Governor-General in each of the two new countries, as representative ot’the Crown;
• the conferral of complete legislative authority upon the respective Constituent Assemblies of the two new countries;
• the termination of British suzerainty over the princely states, with effect from 15 August 1947, and recognized the right of states to accede to either dominion
• the dropping of the use of the title “Emperor of India” by the British monarch
(iii) What is the importance of the Objectives Resolution 1949 in the constitution making of Pakistan?
The Objectives Resolution, which combines features of both Western and Islamic democracy, is one of the most important documents in the constitutional history of Pakistan. At the time it was passed, Liaquat Ali Khan called it “the most important occasion in the life of this country, next in importance only to the achievement of independence”.
The Objectives Resolution was the first constitutional document that proved to be the ‘foundation’ of the constitutional developments in Pakistan. It provided parameters and sublime principles to the legislators. It made the constitution-making process easy task setting some particular objectives before them that would be acceptable to the people of Pakistan who had suffered a lot under the Hindu dominated majority.
(iv) What is the Geo-Political importance of Pakistan?
Geopolitical importance factor in the light of following points like Size, Location, Natural resources & Population
The land area of a state in itself is an element of power. Size effects on the conduct of warfare, population and natural resources. Size also effects on national unity. It is important from administrative and cultural point of view.
Location is perhaps more important than size. Location tends to make a state a land power or a sea power. Pakistan has two of the largest countries of the world as its neighbor’s .china with a population of over one billion and India, with . nearly a billion.
Pakistan has the best natural resources of the world. Lack of technology fragile infrastructure and limited financial resources are the main hurdles in the way to explore and utilize these resources.
Pakistan is fortunate in this regard that it has greater ratio of young generation while in contrast to that the west is far behind from us. Our only need is to properly educate our youngsters.
(v) Describe the cultural Heritage of Pakistan?
In the development of any nation. Its cultural heritage and its glorious past playa vital role and serves as a source of inspiration and pride for its people. Our country Pakistan is accordingly proud of its cultural heritage.
DEFINITION OF CULTURE:
Culture may be defined as behavior peculiar to human beings, together with material objects used. Culture consists of language, ideas, beliefs, customs, codes, institution, tools, techniques, works of arts, ceremonies and so on. According to Allama Iqbal:
“Culture encompasses all the mental, spiritual and physical activities of a nation. It includes the basic beliefs and faith, values and literature, art and architecture, music and mode of dress, manners and customs prevalent in a given society
(vi) What do you know about the Regional Languages of Pak
ANSWER: Please see Q. 2(vi) of 2013 Regular
(vii) What are the Natural Resources of Pakistan?
ANSWER: Please see Q. 2(viii) of 2014 Regular
(viii) State the aims and objectives of U.N.O.
Following are the aims and objectives of United
(1) To maintain international peace and security
(2) To develop friendly relations among nations on the basis of equality.
(3) To achieve international cooperation in solving economic, social, cultural and humanitarian problems.
(4) To ‘promote human rights and fuhdamental freedom for the people of the world.
(5) To act as a common platform for harmonizing the activities of various nations for the attainment of the objectives of the UNAnonymous
SECTION C (DETAILED-ANSWER QUESTIONS)
3. Discuss the IdC!ology of Pakistan in the light of Quaid-e-Azam’s statements.
ANSWER: Please see Q.3 of 2014 Regular
4. Describe in detail the importance of Agriculture in the economy of Pakistan.
Pakistan is an agricultural country. A variety of crops is cultivated here. The major crops are wheat, ‘rice, cotton and sugar cane. The yield of these crops is comparatively low.
Agriculture contributes 24% to our gross Domestic Production. About 70% of the population is engaged in agriculture directly and indirectly. Agriculture employs a major portion of labour force. About 48% of the labour force is engaged in agriculture and only 12% in the manufacturing sector of the economy
Agriculture is the major source of foreign exchange earnings. About 64% of exports are based on agriculture raw material. Agriculture is a source of food for the increasing population of our country. About 16 million tons wheat, 4 million tons rice is produced in country. Agriculture is a source of revenues for the federal and provincial government. Local bodies also get revenue from the agriculture sector. Agriculture provides raw material for a number of industrial units. These units employ thousands of workers. Local supply of raw material keeps these units in operation. Imported raw material is very expensive. Agriculture development has resulted in more output and higher income for progressive farmers. The increased is a source of finance for industrial sector, as the same income is invested sector. By exporting our cash crops like wheat and cotton we can earn foreign exchange. There are many agro based industries whose raw materials come from these crops hence crate employment and further manufacture the raw materials to make value added goods which have more value. Illiterate population could also be employed in this sector and we don’t need labor from other countries at high salaries. To increase in
Agriculture production if we use new technology according to modern age we can improve or develop agriculture sector.
Therefore, the meaning of agriculture-development is a condition or situation where all factors of production are working with efficient combination, modern technology is being used for increasing per-hector production and land produce high level of production, where people get employment, and can get an important position in industrial sector and international level.
This situation is called agricultural development In Pakistan agricultural sector contribute in G.N.P. about 23.3% and it also provides 42.1% employment. In any country agriculture plays a vital role in economic development. If the production is slow than economy faces many deficiencies in economic development. It helps in the following ways:
1. Provides foundation for economic development
2. It is the biggest source of employment in Pakistan
3. Important source of providing necessities of life
4. It is a main source of national income
5. It is the foundation of international trade
6. It is a source of raw material for industries Anonymous