SECTION “A” (MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS)
(i) The 1st President of All India Muslim League was:
(a) Nawab Waqar ul Mulk
(c) Nawab Mohsin ul Mulk
(d) Sir Aga Khan
(ii) The Round Table Conference was called on the advice of:
(a) Maulana Shaukat Ali
(b) Allama Iqbal
(c) Maulana Muhammad Ali Johar
(d) Quaid-e-Azam -Muhammad Ali Jinnah
(iii) The partition of India was announced by:
(a) Sir Radcliffe
(b) Lord Mountbatten
(c) Lord WaveII .
(d) Lord Minto
(iv) Mohammedan Edllcational Conference was formed in the year A.D.:
(v) Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah inaugurated the State Bank in the year A.D.:
(vi) The first General Elections in Pakistan were held in the year A.D.:
(vii) The first person who called Muslim as a Nation was:
(a) Shah Waliullah
(b) Syed Ameer Ali
(C) Sir Syed Ahmed Khan.
(d) Shaikh Ahmed Sirhindi
(viii) ‘Kashmir Day’ is celebrated on:
(a) 5th February
(b) 23rd March
(c) 14th August
(d) 30th Dec.
(ix) The most populous city in the Islamic countries is:
(x) Pakistan’s successful five year plan was:
(xi) The boundary of Afghanistan and Pakistan is called:
(a) Durand line
(b) Control line
(c) Frontier line
(d) Front line
(xii) Karakram Highway (Shahrah-e-Resham) links Pak. with:
(xiii) The total area in sq.km. of Pakistan is:
(xiv) The Second Islamic Conference was held at:
(xv) In A.D. 1930, Allama Iqbal presented his presidential address at:
(xvi) Shah-jo-Risalo is the poetic collecti’On of:
(a) Waris Shah
(b) Bulleh Shah
(c) Hashim Shah
(d) Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai
(xvii) The main causes of rainfall in Pakistan are:
(a) Western winds
(b) Siberian winds
(c) Monsoon winds
(d) Mediterranean winds
(xviii) the word ‘Pakistan’ was coined by:
(a) Liaquat Ali Khan
(b) Chaudhary Rehmat Ali
(c) Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah
(d) Sir Syed Ahmed Khan
(xix) The name of the first president of Pakistan is:
(a) Ayub Khan
(b) Iskander Mirza
(c) Khawaja Nazimuddin
(d) Ghulam Muhammad
(xx) A new art was created in South Asia after the Muslims came here:
(a) Islamic Art
(c) Indo Islamic Art
(b) Anglo Islamic Art
(d) Gandhara Art
SECTION B (SHORT-ANSWER QUESTIONS)
2.(i) Analyze the significance of the Two Nation theory in the creation of Pakistan.
The two-nation theory is the ideology that the primary identity of Muslims on the Indian subcontinent is their religion, rather than their language or ethnicity, and therefore Indian Hindus and Muslims are two distinct nationalities, regardless of ethnic or other commonalities. The two-nation theory was a founding principle of the Pakistan Movement (Le. the ideology of Pakistan as a Muslim nation-state in South Asia), and the partition of India in 1947.The ideology that religion is the determining factor in defining the nationality of Indian Muslims is also a source of inspiration to several Hindu nationalist organizations, with causes as varied as the redefinition of Indian Muslims as non-Indian foreigners in India, the expulsion of all Muslims from India, establishment of a legally Hindu state in India, prohibition of conversions”to Islam, and the promotion of conversions or recon versions of Indian Muslims to Hinduism.
(ii) Describe the objectives of Khilafat Movement.
The Khilafat movement (1919-1924) was a pan-Islamic, political protest campaign launched by Muslims in British India to influence the British government and to protect the Ottoman Empire during the aftermath of World War i.
Muhammad Ali argued that for Muslims to accept mandates over Iraq, Syria and Palestine would amount to a total disregard of the wishes of the Holy Prophet (S. A. W.). Thus the Muslims of India launched the Tehrik-i-Khilafat. The objectives were as follows:
• To maintain the Turkish Caliphate.
• To protect the holy places of the Muslims.
• To maintain the unity of the Ottoman Empire.
(iii) Lucknow Pact was an impact of the political vision of Quaid-e-Azam· Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Discuss
ANSWER: Please see Q.2 (ii) of 2014 Private
(iv) Write note on Indus Water Treaty.
ANSWER: Please see Q.2 (vi) of 2014 Regular
(v) Describe five main Islamic Provisions of the Constitution of A.D. 1973.
ANSWER: Please see Q.2 (ii) of 2014 Regular
(vi) Illuminate the Geographical importance of Pakistan in South Asia.
ANSWER: Please see Q. 2(v) of 2013 Private
(vii) Describe any five differences between the Rural and Urban society of Pakistan.
1. People living in urban have better living conditions than those living in the rural parts.
2. Rural is very poor when compared to urban.
3. In rural, the parents seldom educate their children, and instead, make their children work in the fields.
4. About three-quarters of the households in urban live in cement homes. On the other hand, only a quarter of the people in rural live in cement homes.
5. Most of the developments have not yet reached the rpra! parts.
6. With regards to health care, rural lacks good hospitals when compared to urban.
(viii) Discuss the importance of Agriculture of Pakistan.
ANSWER: Please see Q. 2(iii) of 2013 Regular
SECTION ‘C’ (DETAILED-ANSWER QUESTIONS)
3. Narrate the important political events that took place from A.D. 1940 to A.D. 1947 in the creation of Pakistan.
ANSWER: Please see Q. 4 of 2012 Regular
4. Describe the role of Urdu in the National integration of Pakistan.
ANSWER: Please see Q. 5 of 2012 Regular
5. Discuss the importance of the city of Karachi in Pakistan’s Economy.
Karachi is the largest city, main seaport and financial centre of Pakistan, as we” as the capital of the province of Sindh. It is Pakistan’s premier centre of banking industry, economic activity and trade and is home to Pakistan’s largest corporations, including those involved in textiles, shipping, automotive industry, entertainment, the arts, fashion, advertising, publishing, software development and medical research. The city is a major hub of higher education in South Asia and the Muslim world.
Karachi is the location of the Port of Karachi and Port Bin Qasim, two of the region’s largest and busiest ports.
The city is located in the south of the country, along the coastline meeting the Arabian Sea. It is spread over 3,527 km2 (1,362 sq mi) in area.
Karachi is the financial and commercial capital of Pakistan. In line with its status as a major port and the country’s largest metropolis, it accounts for a lion’s share of Pakistan’s revenue. According to the Federal Board of Revenue’s 2006-2007 year book, tax and customs un1ts in Karachi were responsible for 46.75% of direct taxes, 33.65% of federal excise tax, and 23.38% of domestic sales tax. ‘Karachi accounts for 75.14% of customs duty and 79% of sales tax on imports. Therefore, Karachi collects a significant 53.38%of the total collections of the Federal Board of Revenue, out of which 53.33%are customs duty and sales tax on imports.
Karachi’s contribution to Pakistan’s manufacturing sector amounts to approximately 30 percent. A substantial part of Sindh’s gross domestic product (GDP) is attributed to Karachi (the GDP of Sindh as a percentage of Pakistan’s total GDP has traditionally hovered around 28%-30%; for more information, see economy of Sindh). Karachi’s GDP is around 20% of the total GDP of Pakistan. A Price water house Coopers study released in 2009, which surveyed the 2008 GDP of the top cities in the world, calculated Karachi’s GDP (PPP) to be $78 billion(projected to be $193 billion in 2025 at a growth rate of 5.5%).It confirmed Karachi’s status as Pakistan’s largest economy, well ahead of the next two biggest cities Lahore and Faisalabad. The World Bank identified Karachi as the most business-friendly city in Pakistan.
6. Explain the Foreign Policy of Pakistan.
ANSWER: Please see Q. 3 of 2013 Regular