SECTION “A” (MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS)
1. Choose the correct answer for each from the given options:
(i) Bangladesh was recognized by Pakistan during this Conference:
(ii) In the south-west of Pakistan lies our neighbouring country:
(iii) The number of languages spoken in Pakistan is:
(iv) Sialkot is famous for these goods:
(v) Sindh became a separate province in the year A.D.:
(vi) The biggest salt mine in the world is located at:
(vii) Economic development leads to:
(viii) The female literacy rate of Pakistan, according to A.D. 1998 census, is:
(ix) The heads of Muslim states participated in the second Islamic Summit Conference:
(x) The basic ideology of Pakistan is based on:
(xi) Eid-ul-Fitr is celebrated in the month of:
(xii) This organization is responsible for the preparation and development of textbooks.
* Board of Secondary Education, Karachi
* Federal Board
* Sindh Textbook Board
* Sukkur Board
(xiii) The people involved in a number of tasks constitute these resources:
(xiv) ‘Fraternity’ means:
(xv) The first Educational Conference in Pakistan was held in the year A.D:
SECTION “B” (SHORT-ANSWER QUESTIONS)
NOTE: Answer 12 questions from this Section.
2.(i) Write three principles of democracy as practiced in Islam.
Justice: In Islam, the first principle of democracy is justice the literal meaning of justice is to keep the right thing at their right place.
Equality: The second Principles of democracy in Islam is equality Islam rejects all kinds of discrimination on the basic of race, Language, caste, culture, wealth and poverty.
Fraternity: The third Principle of democracy in Islam Fraternity which means brotherhood, the members of Islamic Society co-operate each other.
(ii) Write three meritorious services of Shah Walliullah.
(1) Shah Waliullah tried to minimize the differences among the scholars of the Muslims.
(2) Shah Waliullah translated the Holy Quran in Persian language in 1738which was published with the name of “Fatehul-Qur’an”. It was his great effort to make inform common people about the teaching of the Holy Quran. After this his son. Shah Rafi-ullah translated the Holy Quran in Urdu Language.
(3) Shah Waliullah also wrote books on Hadith, Islamic jurisprudence and Tafseer. The most popular among these is his famous work “Hujjat-ul-La-Hal-Baligha”. The message of this work is that Islam is the universal religion. It guarantees progress and prosperity for the whole of man kind.
(iii) Write three sentences on the basic objectives of the Faraizi Movement.
(i) To make the society pure from Hindu tradition.
(ii) To reform the faith of Muslims & protect them from shirk
(iii) To improve the conditions of the Muslims farmer and encourage them.
(iv) Write three points on people’s role for the progress and prosperity of Pakistan.
(i) We should hard work in each and every walk of life for the prosperity of the country.
(ii) We should think our selves above ethnicity and regionalism.
(iii) Try to improve education and establish a system based on social justice and eradicate corruption in all its form.
(v) Name three of our neighboring countries.
Our neighboring countries are:
(vi) Write three major causes of separation of East Pakistan.
The causes of separation of East Pakistan are follows
(i) The distance between the two parts of Pakistan was more than 1600 kilometers separated by India.
(ii) Imposition of Martial Laws created a sense of deprivation among the people of East Pakistan.
(iii) Army started military action against the separatist movement of Awami League. This created hatred among Bengalis and they also started armed struggle.
(iv) East Pakistan wanted complete provincial autonomy.
(vii) Write 3 types of environmental pollution.
Air Pollution: The addition ‘of such elements on components in air, which put injuries influences on human life, animal and plants is called air Pollution.
Water Pollution: Water which is obtained naturally from rivers, seas, lakes and springs, the addition of such elements and conapounds in water which put injurious influences and human life is called water pollution,
Land Pollution: the earth is polluted biologically, chemically and physiologically, when a number of harmful things are inducted earth.
(viii)Name any three minerals found in Pakistan and state their uses.
(i) Lime Slone: It is used in Cement Industry and Pakistan Steel Mill.
(ii) Natural Gas: It is used as a domestic & industrial fuel.
(iii) Sulphar: It is used in Chemical Industries.
(ix) Write three important problems of the agriculture of Pakistan.
(a) Literacy rate of the country is quite low, Majority of Our farmer are not educated.
(b) They have little knowledge about the modern farmers.
(c) The number of people who depend on agriculture is increasing, the result in decrease in per capita.
(x) Name three important highways of Pak.
(i) National Highway
(ii) Karakoram Highway
(iii) Karachi-Hyderabad Super Highway
(xi) How does migration of population affect a country’s development?
The migration of population creates the several problems. The fast rate of movement the families add to the shortage of residential units and people have to pay more rent for houses and shops accordingly. The problems of health and sanitation increased up to the uncontrollable level. The education, employment and other civic facilities became in sufficient. The law and order situation decreased and crime rise.
(xii) What do you know about the festivals of non-Muslims of Pakistan?
Hindu and Sikhs celebrate their festivals of Diwali, Ram Leela, Holi, Rakhi Bandhan and Besakhi etc. Christians celebrate the birth of Hazrat Isa on 25 December and Easter -festival in April.
(xiii) Write three important features of education as mentioned in the National Education Policy, 1998-2010.
Three important features of education:
(i) Education will be accessible to all the citizens because it is the right of the individual citizen of Pakistan
(ii) The national budget for education will be increased from 2.2% to 4% of the total national income.
(iii) Education Foundations have been established for providing financial assistance to the private sector for opening non-commercial educational institutions specially in rural areas.
(xiv) Write down three problems of education sector of Pakistan.
Following are the main problems in education:
(1) Attitude of the Feudal:
The feudal system is the major obstacle in the way of education of the poor children. The parents are poor and can hardly afford educational expenses of their children.
(2) High Fees of Private Educational Institutions:
Private sector educational institutions charge high fees as compared to the facilities provided there. Teachers are over worked but paid low salaries.
(3) Shortage of Text Books:
Text Book Board gets the text books printed late. The price of text books is very high. Private schools provide their own books imported from other countries which are extremely expensive.
(xv) What is the importance of the location of Pakistan in the South-Asian region?
Pakistan is situated in the North West of South Asia. On the globe it is located between the latitudes 23.45° and 36.75° north, and between longitudes 61° and 75.5° east. In the north the border of Pakistan touches China. In the Northwest lies Afghanistan. In the west there is Iran. In the East of Pakistan lies India and in the South there is Arabian Sea. The total area of Pak.is 796096 sq. km.
SECTION”C” (DETAILED-ANSWER QUESTIONS)
Note: Attempt any 2 questions from this section
3.(a)Describe the achievements of the Aligarh Movement.
After the war of independence in 1857, Muslims of the sub-continent became victim of atrocities of the British and other Political, economic and social condition were badly affected in these circumstances Sir Syed Ahmed Khan felt at the sad state of Muslims and started an awakening movement for them.
Sir Syed Ahmed Khan made social and Political efforts which are collectively known as Aligarh Movement. Sir Syed Ahmed emphasized the need for maintaining friendly relationswith the British to earn their good will. Sir Syed Ahmed stressed upon Muslims to learn modern knowledge. He set up a scientific society at Ghazipur in 1862 and Later on raised to the Aligarh Movement:
Level of a college named Aligarh College. He maturated the Muslims to learn English language and scientific knowledge. He made great services in social way, thus Aligarh movement became a source of strength for the Muslims in the sub continent.
(b) Write any six points out of the Fourteen Points of Quaid-e-Azam.
(i) The form of future constitution should be federal with the residuary power vested in the provinces.
(ii) In the Central Legislature, Muslim representation shall not be less than one third.
(iii) Any territorial redistribution shall not affect the Muslim majority in Punjab, Bengal and N.W.F.P.
(iv) Full religious liberty shall be guaranteed to all communities.
(v) Sindh should be separated from the Bombay Presidency.
(vi) No cabinet either Central or Provincial, should be formed without there being at least one third of Muslim Ministers.
(vii) Reforms should be introduced in the North-West Frontier Province and Balochistan on the same footing as in other provinces.
(viii) A uniform measure of autonomy shall be granted to all provinces.
(ix) Muslims should be given adequate share along with other Indians in the services of State.
4.(a)Write the salient features of the Constitution of A.D. 1973.
After the separation of east Pakistan, the elected representatives of west Pakistan were called to frame a constitution. The draft prepared by· the Committee was approved in April 1973, the constitution was promulgated in the country on 14 August 1973.
(i) The foundation of 1973 constitution was also laid on the objective Resolution.
(ii) The Country was declared as Islamic Republic of Pakistan and Islam was made the official religion of the state.
(iii) The offices of President and Prime Minister of Pakistan were restricted for the Muslims only.
(iv) The Objective Resolution was included in the constitution as its preamble.
(v) Muslim shall be enabled to lead their individual’s lives as well as collective life in accordance with the Principles set in the Holy Quran and Sunnah.
(vi) Federal and Parliamentary form of Govt. was introduced. The Prime Minister was delegated wide powers and the authority of the president was curtained, the President could not pass important order with out Prime Minister.
(vii) The Provincial government were granted autonomy.
(viii) In order to protect rights of the people necessary squared were Provided to ensure independence of Judiciary.
(b) What are the advantages of forest? State their importance.
ADVANTAGES OF FOREST:
(i) Forest provides good quality timber for furniture.
(ii) Fertility of soil remains intact and flood devastation in rivers in reduced.
(iii) Forest provides number of products like honey, silk worm, herbs and firewood.
(iv) Forests provided wood for fuel and construction work.
(v) Forests provide raw material for paper, rubber, matches, medicines and sports goods.
(vi) Forests provide turpentine oil, Sandal wood and its Oil, gum, Ephedra and Mazri. Ephedra is used incough. Mat and baskets are made from mazri.
(vii) Forests help in causing rain, stopping floods and making atmosphere moderate.
(viii) Forests provide a breeding place for difterent animals, and insects, which are useful for man, like honey bee.
(ix) Forests stop, cold winds and regulate the flow of river and help in controlling floods.
(x) Forests are the important source of government revenues and employment to the people.
(xi) Cattle wealth is raised on forests because they become gazing field for them.
(xii) Pharmaceutical industry depends on forests.
(xiii) Forests, boosting the scenic beauty of the country, attract the tourists.
5.(a) What steps can be taken for increasing the industrial growth in Pakistan?
(a) Establishment of Law and Order:
Law and order situation of the country should be improved enabling the investors to invest money without fear of loss of life or assets.
(b) Simplified industrial Rules:
It is necessary for the development of trade and commerce and industry that rules and regulations for trade should be made easier and simplified.
(c) Training of the Staff:
It is necessary for the development of trade and commerce and industries in Pakistan that suitable training should be proved the staff. A sense of dignity of labour to work and doing hard work for more productions.
(d) Quality Control:
It is great need of time for the development of industries that a stick system of quality control should be setup. There should not be compromise on the quantity and standard of the finished product.
It is also necessary for the development that the standard of the education of marketing a business administration should be improved so that the demand of industrial products could be increased by introducing them in the public.
(f) Control to smuggling:
It is necessary for the development of industrial sector to establish the foreign trade the smuggling of foreign commodities in Pakistan should be stopped.
Working condition of workers: It is necessary for the industrial progress and to solve the industrial problem in Pakistan. The Govt. should establish industrial research institution.
(g) Industrial Policies:
Industrial policies in Pakistan should be well defined on stable so that the implementation of these policies could become easy & positive result could receive from these policies.
(b) Write a note on any One of the following:
(i) Sugar Industry (ii) Pakistan railways (iii) Importance of Urdu as the National Language: (iv) Technical and Vocational Education
(i) Sugar Industry
It is one of the biggest industries in the country. Pakistan started with two sugar factories at Rahwali near Gujranwala (Punjab) and Takht Bhai (N.W.F.P) in 1947. Sugar is made out of sugarcane, which is cultivated in large quantity in the three provinces namely, Punjab, Sindh and N.W.F.P. Therefore, government decided to set up sugar factories in the areas where sugarcane is cultivated. There are 78 Sugar mills in the country (40 in Punjab, 32 in Sindh, 6 in N.W.F.P)with capacity toproduce 5 millions tones of refined sugar. Pakistan is not only self-sufficient in the production of sugar but also earns valuable foreign exchange through export of sugar. Pakistan’s sugar is of best quality.
(ii) Pakistan railways:
The railway system and the rails network for the routes of the trains is an important means of transport and communication. Railways played a significant role in providing travel and transportation facilities. It is comparatively safer to travel than by road and quicker as well. The network of Pakistan Railways comprises 13,775 route kilometers, 907 stations and 46 train halts. Its major assets include 1000 diesel and electric locomotives, 3000 passenger coaches and 37000 freight wagons. Since these assets have become quite old. Government is paying attention to their rehabilitation and replacement. A number of trains run on these routes. These are
Tezgarn, Tezro, Awami Express, Super Express, Shalimar Express, Chenab Express, Khyber Express and Khyber mail etc. Some new trains have been started namely, Karakoram, Night coach, Jaffer Jamali Express.
The following are the main reasons due to which the working efficiency of Pakistan Railway is not up to the expectations.
(i) Private trucker services and long vehicles of National Logistic Cell have reduced the revenues of Pakistan Railways.
(ii) High powered engines are use in light trains due to which cost increases.
(iii) The staff of Pakistan Railways, like other departments of the government, is inefficient.
(iv) Railway uses some subsidiary routes which are uneconomic.
(v) Pakistan Railways has not converted old, traditional and depreciated engines and bogies into the new and modern completely due to which aggregate efficiency has been affected.
(iii) Importance of Urdu as the National Language:
The importance of National Language is evident as at the time of creation of Pakistan, Muslims were introduced as a separate nation on the basis of religion, culture as we” as language. Sir Syed, Allama Iqbal, Shibli Nomani, Quaid-e-Azam and a number of leaders preferred Urdu to Hindi and English. Thus proved that other than Islam Urdu is the next entity of Muslims of subcontinent.
Urdu language is comprised of alphabets of various languages. It comprises of Arabic, Persian, Hindi, Punjabi, Sindhi, Balochi, Saraiki and Kashmiri. Due to its easiness and simplicity it is used not only in Pakistan but also in most of the countries of the world. It is counted as an .international language.
Urdu is not a newly born language. We have received it ininheritance from our forefathers. In ancient time, the Arians came to Asia, they spoke Sansikrit with the passage of time, in addition with weal language, their came changes in it and them it came to be known us PRAKRAT.
Various Muslims rulers ruled over India. They spoke Persian, which came into existence by amalgamation of Arabic and Turkish. Therefore in Parakrit with addition of Persian a new language came into existence, which was impure of raw Urdu, and with the passage of time now it is highly refined.
Urdu has a precious storage of poem and prose and it is – gradually increasing. It is educational as we” as official language of Pakistan as we” as a symbol of unity and honour for the people of Pakistan.
Culture and customs are lifeblood of a nation. These culture and customs distinguishes a country and nation from another. People of various nations spends their life in accordance with their religion, social and cultural requirements, as we” as language plays an important role in a nations way of living.
A country consists of provinces and provinces consist of cities, towns and villages various languages are spoken in different areas and cities and then in provinces. Through regional languages have heir-own importance but their always exits need for a national languages. A national language is a symbol of unity among various parts of country as well as a communicating media among people of various regions of a country.
(iv) Technical and Vocational Education
The present era is that of technical and vocational education which helps in sustainable economic and industrial development Technical education is given in Mechanical, Electrical, Wood working, Automobile, Electric Wiring, Chemical and other trades. While vocational education is given in Engineering, Medical, Law and Commerce sectors. Government has paid attention to improve technical and vocational education in the country. Government has started technical projects in the country whose objective is to provide physical facilities for technical education institutions, provide
equipment, improve courses of technical education and prepares teachers for imparting technical education. A science education project has also been started by the Government of Pakistan. Government of Pakistan has established Ghulam Ishaque Khan Institute of Technology at Topi in NWFp. Its standard is of international level.
In Sindh Polytechnic Institutes I colleges are at Karachi, Hyderabad, Badin, Nawabshah and Sukkur. Government is stressing on technical hands for improving the standard and level .of our technical products for competing in the international market Government is spending huge funds for the improvement of technical and vocation education.