SECTION “A” (MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS)
1. Choose the correct answer for each from the given options:
(i) The biggest salt mine of the world is in:
* Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa
(ii) The number of textile mills in Pakistan is approximately:
(iii) The first census in South Asia took place in A.O:
(iv) The administrative head of Province is:
* Chief Secretary
* Chief Minister
(v) The Mangla Dam was constructed on the river:
(vi) The Lucknow pact was signed in the year A.D:
(vii) Sindh was made a separate province pin the year A.D:
(viii) No aspect of life is complete without:
(ix) The real name of Shah Waliullah was:
* Abdul Rahim
* Shah Abdul Karim
* Syed Ahmed
(x) Pakistan is divided in these climatic regions:
(xi) The first Prime Minister of Pakistan was:
* Liaquat Ali Khan
* Ghulam Muhammad
* Chaudhry Muhammad Ali
(xii) “Fraternity” means:
(xiii) The name of Pakistan was proposed by:
* Maulana Shaukat Ali
* Chaudhry Rehmat Ali
* Chaudhry Nisar Ali
* Chaudhry Barkat Ali
(xiv) The constitution of 1962 was abrogated by:
* General Rahim
* Ghulam Muhammad
* General Ayub Khan
* General Yahya Khan
(xv) The total area of Balochistan in square Kilometre is:
SECTION “B” (SHORT-ANSWER QUESTIONS)
NOTE: Answer 12 questions from this Section.
2.(i) Write three main objectives of Aligarh movement.
Sir Syed Ahmed Khan made social and Political efforts which are collectively known as Aligarh Movement. Sir Syed Ahmed emphasized the need for maintaining friendly relations with the British to earn their good will. Sir Syed Ahmed stressed upon Muslims to learn modern knowledge. He set up a scientific society at Ghazipur in 1862 and Later on raised to the Aligarh Movement:
Level of a college named Aligarh College. He maturated the Muslims to learn English language and scientific knowledge. He made great services in social way, thus Aligarh movement became a source of strength for the Muslims in the sub continent.
(ii) Highlight the role of Sindh Province in Pakistan movement.
Sindh had been a place of scholar, social reformers and politicians. Sindh played a key role in the Pakistan Movement. Pakistan Resolution was passed by the complete support of Sindh. Sir Abdullah Haroon from Sindh detivered an excellent speech in support of Pakistan Resolution.
The courage and valour of pir Sibghatullah shah during the struggle for freedom in sindh, can never be forgotten. His followers the “Hurs” never surrendered to British and started armed struggle for freedom.
Students of Sindh Madressa Karachi and Noor Muhammad High school Hyderabad were in fore-front during the struggle for freedom.
In the elections in 1946 Sindh regarding incJusion Pakistan or not, G.M. syed was defeated and Muslim League won all the seats from Sindh. That is why Sindh provisional assembly voted unanimously for inclusion in Pakistan.
(iii) Write three uses of Natural Gas.
Natural gas is required for running industries and is used as fuel, for vehicles and household purposes.
(iv) Name any 3 important Islamic festivals.
(1) Eid-ul-Fitar: !t is celebrated after the month of Ramazan ends and on the first of Shawwal. This is a reward in the form of blessings of Allah to those Muslims who keep fasting for the whole month of Ramazan.
(2) Eid-ul-Azha: It is celebrated on the to”, of the month of Zil-Hajj in the memory of the great sacrifice of Hazrat Ibrahim, when he offered to sacrifice the life of his dearest son Hazrat Ismail to fulfil the decree of Almighty Allah.
(3) Eid Milad-un-Nabi: It is celebrated on 12th of the Islamic month of Rabi-ul-Awwal with great love and devotion. It is celebrated to express happiness on the birth of our Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (S.A.W.S).
(v) Write three sentences on the importance of Census.
(i) By knowing the exact population the government can plan and can estimate different budgets in and efficient manner.
(ii) The census helps to know the rate of birth and deaths yearly.
(iii) The percentage of literacy is known and in its light better educational planning can be done.
(vi) Write three advantages of Forests.
(i) Forest provides good quality timber for furniture.
(ii) Fertility of soil remains Intact and flood devastation in rivers in reduced.
(iii) Forest provide number of products like honey, silk worn, herbs and firewood.
(vii) Write down in three sentences the role of Quaid-e-Azam as Governor General.
(i) Quaid-e-Azam was a man of principle and acted upon whatever he said or promised to do.
(ii) He possessed very strong character and never compromised on principles especially on the cause of Muslims and the Pakistan.
(iii) He was a resolute man of untiring spirit.
(iv) He devoted his life for Pakistan. It was his Vision, courage, selfless service and dedication that he overcame the huge problems of Pakistan soon after it appeared on the map of the world.
(viii) Point out any three important problems of Industries.
important problems of Industries:
(i) Deteriorating law and order situation in the country has discouraged investment in the industrial sector.
(ii) There is a shortage of skilled workers for the industry.
(iii) Energy crises has become common in the industries of Pakistan.
(ix) Describe the important mineral resources of Pakistan.
The important mineral resources of Pakistan:
(1) Mineral Oil
(2) Natural Gas
(3) Iron Ore
(9) Lime Stone
(10) Marable Stone
(x) Give three suggestions to reduce the pressure of population on natural resources.
(i) The productive resources be developed at a faster rate.
(ii) Special attention is needed to discover new Resources particularly in mining and mineral oil explorations.
(iii) The barren lands in Pakistan should be brought under cultivation.
(xi) Write three important duties of Islamic Welfare state.
(1) A welfare state provides equal opportunities for progress. For example education is a fundamental right of every citizen. Therefore the provision of education is the responsibility of the welfare state.
(2) The first duty of every welfare state is the establishment of law and order situation so that the protection of life and property of every citizen could be made possible. In this fundamental duty, the protection from .external attack that is to prepare an army for the defense and establish police and the system of justice to develop peace internally.
(3) To establish the system of equality provides equal opportunities of survival to all citizens is the duty of a welfare state.
(xii) Write down three sentences on the Utility of Urdu language.
(i) Urdu is used as a common speaking language in all provinces of Pakistan.
(ii) Urdu language is an easy and comprehensive language, one can easily understand and speak Urdu by doing some efforts.
(iii) The words of many international as well as local language are used in Urdu language.
(xiii) Name any three Governors of Sindh.
(1) Air Marshal Azim Daud Pota
(2) Mohammad Mian Soomro
(3) Dr. Ishrat UI Ebad Khan
(xiv) Write three sentences on trade and commerce.
Domestic trade refers to the buying and selling activities which take place within a country. Buying or selling the goods by a province, place or city from and to the other province, place or city. Domestic trade also includes inter provincial trade like trade activities taking place amongst all the four provinces of Pakistan.
(xv) Write down three sentences on the National Development.
National development is a process of advancement in economic and social sector. It plays a vital role in the development of a country. It provides employment according to their skill. Valuable foreign exchange can be earned and helps country to become self reliant and prosperous.
SECTION “C” (DETAILED-ANSWER QUESTION)
Note: Attempt 2 questions from this section.
3.(a)What role should Pakistanis play for the prosperity of Pakistan.
A state cares for the basic needs of its citizen and enable them to live a peaceful life. As a Pakistani following are our important duties (or the progress, prosperity and development of our country.
(a) Awareness about the national goals:
Only those nations progress whose people are aware about their national goals.
(b) Dignity of labour:
If we conscious of the value and dignity of labour we can achieved our goal.
National resources can properly utilized through advancement in scientific and technical knowledge.
(d) Guidance and encouragement:
The guidance and encouragement of trained and private sector is the· need to continue our struggle for more development and make Pakistan a developed country.
(e) Welfare programmes:
Welfare programmes have been started with in the country such as health centre, industrial home and recreation centres.
(b) What are the important educational problems of Pakistan? Explain.
Following are the main problems in education:
(1) Attitude of the Feudal:
The feudal system is the major obstacle in the way of education of the poor children. The parents are poor and can hardly afford educational expenses of their children. Feudal lords in the rural areas have discouraged education of the poor children. They want to employ poor children on little wages. This is the reason that literacy rate in the rural areas has not increased; especially the education of female children has suffered much.
(2) Attitude of Politicians and High officials:
Politicians in general are not in the favour of promoting and spreading education due to the reason that awakening in the people through education will expose their irregularities.
(3) High Fees of Private Educational Institutions:
Private sector educational institutions charge high fees as compared to the facilities provided there. Teachers are overworked but paid low salaries. Teachers in the private schools are less qualified and hence their standard is less than the teachers in the government schools.
(4) Shortage of Text Books:
Text Book Board gets the text books printed late. The price of text books is very high. Private schools provide their own books imported from other countries which are extremely expensive.
(5) Teacher Absenteeism:
In rural areas, teacher absenteeism has adversely affected the progress in education. Shortages of teachers in rural areas, ghost schools and lack of supervision of rural schools have resulted in low progress in the promotion of education and eradication of illiteracy
(6) Shortage of physical facilities:
The teaching materials are extremely short in the schools like chalk, boards, furniture, buildings, rooms etc. According to a survey, 25,000 schools do not have their buildings. Most of the village schools are deprived of the facilities of drinking water and bath rooms. Most of the village schools are confine to ‘one room’ school.
(7) Political Interference:
Public representatives interfere in the administration of educational institutions especially in the appointment and transfer of teachers. Merit is ignored and appointments are made on favoritism or political recommendations.
4.(a)Describe the views of Quid-e-Azam or Allama Iqbal on the Ideology of Pakistan.
IDEALOGY OF PAKISTAN IN THE LIGHT OF ALLAMA IQBAL STATEMENTS:
In 1930 at Allahabad he delivered his presidential addressed.
“India is a subcontinent and not a country. Where people belonging to different religions and speaking different languages are inhabited. Muslim nation has its unigue and religious and cultural identity. All civilized nations should respect religious principles, cultural and social values of Muslims.”
The address of Allama Iqbal proved a mile stone in the struggle for Pakistan.
IDEALOGY OF PAKISTAN IN THE LIGHT OF STATEMENT OF QUAID-E-AZAM:
Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was very anxious about the future of the Muslims of South Asia. His views about the idealogy of Pakistan were very clear. He said “Pakistan had come into being the day the first non- Muslim was converted in to a Muslim in India.”
In 1941 he elaborated the separate status of the Muslim Nation by saying:
“India had never been a single country or a nation. The issue of sub continent is international. The differences on culture, social and economic values are of ideological nature.”
(b) Write any 9 points from the 14 points of Quaid-e-Azam.
(i) The form of future constitution should be federal with the residuary power vested in the provinces.
(ii) In the Central Legislature, Muslim representation shall not be less than one third.
(iii) Any territorial redistribution shall not affect the Muslim majority in Punjab, Bengal and N.W.F.P.
(iv) Full religious liberty shall be guaranteed to all communities.
(v) Sindh should be separated from the Bombay Presidency.
(vi) No cabinet either Central or Provincial, should be formed without there being at least one third of Muslim Ministers.
(vii) Reforms should be introduced in the North-West Frontier Province and Balochistan on the same footing as in other provinces.
(viii) A uniform measure of autonomy shall be granted to all provinces.
(ix) Muslims should be given adequate share along with other Indians in the services of State.
5.(a)Write down the importance of resources in National Development.
Resources are the source of progress and development. The resources are the free gift from Allah. They are important because:
(1) NATIONAL WEALTH:
Resources are the real wealth of a nation progress and prosperity depend on the wise and appropriate utilization of these resources.
(2) STRONG DEFENCE:
National resources helps in building strong defense for the country.
National resources are a source of high prestige for a country.
(4) RAISE STANDARD OF LIVING:
National resources help in meeting the material requirements of the country included necessities, comforts and luxuries.
(5) TRADE AND BUSINESS:
They help in flourishing trade and business.
(6) EMPLOYMENTS: .
They provide employment opportunities to the people.
(7) RAPID PROGRESS:
National resources help in rapid progress and development of a country
(b) Write a note on any Oneof the following:
(i) Pakistan Railways
(ii) Cash Crops
(iii) Environmental Problems
(iv) Salient features of the constitution of 1973..
(i) Pakistan Railways:
All sources which help and the people travel from one place to another are called means of communication. Pakistan has all three means of communication, namely land (roads and rail), sea (ships) and air.
Rails are the important means of communication. After .the establishmet of Pakistan rail plays an important role in ‘providing travel and transportation facilities. It is comparatively safer than by road and quicker as well. The net work of Pakistan railway 7791 Km route, 815 stations. A number of trains run on these routes Peshawer Karachi via Rawalpindi is one of the longest railway track in the country. Its total length is 1672 Km and it passes through a number of big cities.
The important food crops of Pakistan are following:
Pakistan grows two major crops during the year. The crop grown in October and November is called Rabi crop. It is harvested in April and May. Wheat, barley, gram and oil seeds are Rabi crops. The second crop is known as Kharif crop. It is grown in the months of May and June and harvested in Sept. and October. Kharif crops are rice, cotton and sugar cane.
(iii) Environmental Problems:
Environmental problems have emerged as a big problem through out the world. It is due to increasing population, rapid industrialization and smoke created by heavy and light vehicle Air, water and soil pollution increases environmental problem. Pakistan is among those countries where environmental problems increases day by day.
(iv) Salient features of the constitution of 1973:
After the separation of east Pakistan, the elected representatives of west Pakistan were called to frame a constitution. The draft prepared by· the Committee was approved in April 1973, the constitution was promulgated in the country on 14 August 1973.
(i) The foundation of 1973 constitution was also laid on the objective Resolution.
(ii) The Country was declared as Islamic Republic of Pakistan and Islam was made the official religion of the state.
(iii) The offices of President and Prime Minister of Pakistan were restricted for the Muslims only.
(iv) The Objective Resolution was included in the constitution as its preamble.
(v) Muslim shall be enabled to lead their individual’s lives as well as collective life in accordance with the Principles set in the Holy Quran and Sunnah.
(vi) Federal and Parliamentary form of Govt. was introduced. The Prime Minister was delegated wide powers and the authority of the president was curtained, the President could not pass important order with out Prime Minister.
(vii) The Provincial government were granted autonomy.
(viii) In order to protect rights of the people necessary squared were Provided to ensure independence of Judiciary.