SECTION “A” (MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS)
1. Choose the correct answer for each from the given options
(1) The constitutional name of Pakistan is:
* Peoples republic of Pakistan
* Islamic State of Pakistan
* Islamic Republic of Pakistan
* Democratic State of Pakistan
(2) The old name of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa was:
(3) The Second Islamic Summit Conference was held in February 1974 A.D. at:
(4) This province of Pakistan is known as “Babul Islam”.
* Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
(5) The agreement signed between All India Muslim League and Congress in 1916 A.D. is called:
* Simla Agreement
* Lucknow Pact
* Indus Basin Treaty
* Indian Independence Act
(6) The country situated in the north of Pakistan is:
(7) Pakistan was established on this day of Ramadan:
(8) The demand of Pakistan was based on:
* Hindu Muslim Conflict
* Two Nation Theory
* Development of Muslim
(9) The economy of Pakistan is based on:
(10) Islam was spread in the sub-continent through:
* Sufis & Saints
(11) Quaid-e-Azam said in his address to the Vovt. Officers that they are the nation’s:
(12) Sachal Sarmast was a sufi poet of the province of:
* Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
(13) The present Governor of Sindh is:
* Arbab Ghulam Rahim
* Syed Qaim Ali Shah
* Dr. Ishrat-ul-Ibad Khan
* Dr. Abdul Wahab
(14) One of the oldest language of South Asia is:
(15) The highest mountain peak of Pakistan is:
* Nanga Parbat
* Peer Panjal
SECTION “B” (SHORT-ANSWER QUESTIONS)
NOTE: Answer 12 questions from this Section.
2.(i) What is the condition of literacy rate in Pakistan? Write a few sentences about it.
The literacy rate in Pakistan is very low. All the Government in Pakistan from the time of independence till now have made efforts to manage the system of education but the prominent success has not been gained till now. The literacy rate could not be increased due to the high population growth. The literacy rate in men is nearly 35% while in women is 16%. but 74% people in Pakistan are totally illiterate.
(ii) Write 3 qualities of the character of the Quaid-e-Azam.
Three sterling qualities of the character of Quaid-e-Azam:
(1) Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was a principle liking person. He was a man of principles and acted upon whatever he said or promised to do.
(2) Quaid-e-Azam was an intelligent leader and combined the traits such statesman ship, courage, sense of responsibility, integrity, forwardness & dedication to his cause
(3) He was an honest and courageous person to speak what considered was in the interest of the Muslim.
(iii) What is meant by Two-Nation Theory? Write in three sentences.
There are two nations Muslims and Hindus in India. Their religion, culture and philosophy of life are different. The two nations cannot live together due to the basic difference given above.
(iv) Name three religious festivals of Pakistan.
(1) Eid-ul-Fitar: It is celebrated after the month of Ramazan ends and on the first of Shawwal. This is a reward in the form of blessings of Allah to those Muslims who keep fasting for the whole month of Ramazan.
(2) Eid-ul-Azha: It’ is celebrated on the 10th, of the month of Zil-Hajj in the memory of the great sacrifice of Hazrat Ibrahim, when he offered to sacrifice the life of his dearest son Hazrat Ismail to fulm the decree of Almighty Allah.
(3) Eid Milad-un-Nabi: It is celebrated on 12’h of the Islamic month of Rabi-ul-Awwal with great love and devotion. It is celebrated to express happiness on the birth of our Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (S.A.W.S).
(v) Write any three steps taken by the government for industrial development of our country.
The following are the steps which have been taken by the Government to develop the Industry:
(1) In 1948, an industrial policy was announced which encouraged private investment in the industrial field.
(2) In 1962, Pakistan Industrial Development Corporation (PIDC)was setup by the government.
(3) Foreign investors have also been invited and encouraged to invest in Pakistan.
(vi) Name any three saints of Pakistan and mention where do they belong?
(i) Hazrat Bahauddin Zakaria, Multan (Punjab)
(ii) SachaI Sarmast Daraza (Sindh)
(iii) Hazrat Mian Mir Sahib Lahore (Punjab)
(vii) Write any three causes of Environmental Pollution.
(1) The addition of such elements on components in air, which put injuries influences on human life, animal and plants is called air pollution.
(2) Water which is obtained naturally from rivers, seas, lakes and springs, the addition of such elements and compounds in water which put injurious influences and human life is called water pollution.
(3) The earth is polluted biologically, chemically and physiologically, when a number of harmful things are inducted earth.
(viii) State any three Islamic provisions of the Constitution of 1973.
(i) Education of Quran was considered must
(ii) lslamlat was declared as a compulsory subject.
(iii) Every ruler will protect Islamic provisions.
(ix) Write any three steps taken by the government for public education.
The following steps has been taken by the government for public education.
(i) Education will be accessible to all the citizen.
(ii) Compulsory primary education act will be promulgated and enforced by the year 2004-05.
(iii) District education authority established in each district.
(x) Write down the names of three important defence industries of Pakistan.
(i) Heavy Mechanical Complex Taxila.
(ii) Arms and Ammunition Industry.
(iii) Pakistan Steel Mills.
(xi) Write down three causes of growth of population in Pak.
(i) Early marriage particularly in rural areas.
(ii) Religions and social attitudes of people and general tendency to prefer larger families.
(iii) Illiterate and poverty ridden society unaware of the responsibilities of married life.
(xii) Write three major causes of the separation of East Pak.
The causes of separation of East Pakistan are follows
(i) The distance between the two parts of Pakistan was more than 1600 kilometers separated by India.
(ii) Imposition of Martial Laws created a sense of deprivation among the people of East Pakistan.
(iii) Army started military action against the separatist movement of Awami League. This created hatred among Bengalis and they also started armed struggle.
(iv) East Pakistan wanted complete provincial autonomy.
(xiii) Write down three sentences on the role of Sindh in the Pakistan. Movement.
Sindh had been a place of scholar, social reformers and politicians. Sindh played a key role in the Pakistan Movement. Pakistan Resolution was passed by the complete support of Sindh. Sir Abdullah Haroon from Sindh detivered an excellent speech in support of Pakistan Resolution.
The courage and valour of pir Sibghatullah shah during the struggle for freedom in sindh, can never be forgotten. His followers the “Hurs” never surrendered to British and started armed struggle for freedom.
Students of Sindh Madressa Karachi and Noor Muhammad High school Hyderabad were in fore-front during the struggle for freedom.
In the elections in 1946 Sindh regarding incJusion Pakistan or not, G.M. syed was defeated and Muslim League won all the seats from Sindh. That is why Sindh provisional assembly voted unanimously for inclusion in Pakistan.
(xiv) Write three sentences on the Nuclear Energy in Pakistan
(i) Nuclear energy is the source of energy Uranium is used for the production of nuclear energy.
(ii) In Pakistan two atomic power houses are working.
(iii) Nuclear energy is used to generate cheap electricity and agricultural research.
(xv) Write down three sentences on the role of Pakistan to bring prosperity in Pakistan.
(i) We should hard work in each and every walk of life for the prosperity of the country.
(ii) We should think our selves above ethnicity and regionalism.
(iii) Try to improve education and establish a system based on social justice and eradicate corruption in all its form.
SECTION C (DETAILED-ANSWER QUESTIONS)
NOTE:Attempt 2 questions from this Section.
3.(a)What role was played by the Muslim Leaguein the struggle for Pakistan
At the end of Annual Muhammadan Education Conference in Dhaika the Muslim Leaders decided to set up a political party to protect and safeguard the rignts of the Muslims of sub continental,
ESTABLISHMENT OF MUSLIM LEAGUE:
In 30th December 1906 a political party “All India Muslim League” was setup and Aligarh was made its headquarter. Sir Agha Khan elected as president, Syed Ali Hasan Bilgrami was elected secretary general of Muslim League.
AIM AND OBJECTIVES:
The aims and objectives are:
(i) To establish friendly relations:
To establish friendly relations between the British Government and the Muslims.
To co-ordinate with other nations..
(iii) Muslims Rights:
To protect rights of the Muslims of the sub continent.
ROLE OF MUSLIM LEAGUE IN PAKISTAN MOVEMENT:
(i) Protection of Rights:
As a representative party Muslim League started to take practical improvements for the protection of Muslims rights.
(ii) Political Settlement: Due to the efforts of Muslim League both parties congress and Muslim League entered in to a political settlement.
(iii) Number of Muslim:
Due to the effort of Muslim League the member of Muslims in the central Legislative Assembly was agreed to one-third.
(iv) Muslim Seats:
Due to the efforts of Muslim League particular Muslim seats were reserved in central and provincial assemblies.
(v) Political Awareness:
Muslim League provide political platform for the practical straggle. It united the Muslim under the great leadership of Quaid-e-Azam.
Due to these efforts the procedure of the demand for Pakistan and the partition was completed. On 14th August 1947 a separate Slater was came into being for the Muslims of Subcontinent.
(b) What are the salient features of the Objectives Resolution?
After the establishment of Pakistan the constituent assembly approved a document for the constitution making on 12th March 1949 which is known as objective resolution.
It was the’ foundation for constitution making. It is an important document in the constitutional evolution.
(i) Sovereignty: Sovereignty over the enlist universe belongs to almighty Allah.
(ii) Islamic Laws: The principles of democracy equality and social justice enunciated by Islam will be enforced with in the country.
(iii) Religious Freedom: The Muslims_will be enabled to lead their lives in accordance with the principles set by Islam.
(iv) Minorities Rights: The rights of the minorities shall be protected the will have the freedom to follow their religion and promote their own culture.
(v) Federal State: Pakistan shall be a federal state the provinces will enjoy auto money with in the prescribed limits mentioned in the constitution.
(vi) Independence of Judiciary: The basic rights of the people and the independence of Judiciary will be guaranteed.
(vii) Uses of Power: The use of power and domination in Pakistan shall be used.
(viii) Regional Protection: The protection shall be provided to all regions of Pakistan thus Pakistan shall be prospering.
4.(a)Mention the objectives of I.T. education in Pakistan.
The detailed study of the use computers and other electronic equipments to store and set out every kind of information, words, pictures and sounds is called information technology.
OBJECTIVES OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY:
The main objectives of I.T. are following:
To modernize the education system by introducing information technology at all level to provide access to research and modern information through internet. To emphasize the varied role of computers. To employ communication technology for the training of teachers and other activities.
(b) State the important agricultural problems of Pakistan.
MAIN AGRICULTURAL PROBLEMS:
The progress of our country is linked with agriculture and the crops output. Unfortunately our agricultural system has to face a number of problems which are as under:-
(i) Lack of modern methods of agriculture:
The yield per acre of our agriculture cops is very low because the agriculturists have hardly adopted modern practices in use of agriculture.
(ii) Increase of population:
With the speedy ·growth of population the number of farmers and those who depends in agriculture is increasing, but, the cultivated areas are not growing at the same rate. In this way per head cultivated area is decreasing.
(iii) Shortage of Rainfall:
The shortage of rainfall or drought also affects the areas of cultivation though irrigation is done through canals. Water level in the rivers and canals drops if rainfall is less. Heavy rains are also harmful for crops. Weather uncertainty creates many problems.
(iv) Water logging and Salinity:
The biggest problem of agriculture is water logging and safinity. The underground water level rises up to the surface, in some areas and this makes the land sprayed with salts and other chemicals harmful to agriculture. This menace makes the land unproductive. According to an estimate, every year, about a hundred thousand acres of land becomes useless in Sindh and Punjab.
(v) Diseases to Crops:
Crops diseases and pests have a very bad effect on crops. In certain areas wild boar, rats and .other animals destroy the standing crops.
(vi) Insufficient and bad means of transportation:
Insufficient and bad means of transportation also have an adverse effect on our agriculture. The yield of the crops cannot be brought to the markets in time. There is shortage of god owns for storage and protection from rain, wind and storms. Farmers do not get sufficient reward for their hard work because of these factors and become defected.
(vii) Lack of medical facilities:
In the countryside lack of medical help, unsuitable living conditions and non-availability of other essential provisions have a very badly affected the health of our farmers and their families.
5.(a)What are the important National Goals of Pakistan?
Pakistan is a sovereign Islamic state its national objectives are:
(i) Setting up Islamic Society:
The foremost national objective of Pakistan is the setting up or an Islamic society as per the teachings of Islam and principles of democracy.
(ii) Struggle against Exploitation:
To establish an Islamic polity based on the principles of equality, social justice, mutual respect and co-operation.
(iii) State security:
It is the collective responsibility of the people and the government to safeguard the county from internal and external dangers.
(iv) Self Sufficiency:
Pakistan must be made economically self sufficient.
(v) Muslim Unity:
To promote unity among the Islamic countries and unite them on one platform.
(vi) Peace Initiatives:
Promotion of international and regional peace, reformation of the unjust international economic system and elimination of racial discrimination.
(vii) Struggle for Welfare State:
The most important objective to make Pakistan a welfare state.
(b) Write a detailed note on anyone of the following:
(i) Source of Islamic Ideology
(ii) Languages of Pakistan
(iii) Pak. Resolution
(iv) Importance of the location of Pak.
(i) Source of Islamic Ideology:
Fundamentals sources of Islamic Ideology:
(a) The Holy Qur’an:
The Qur’an is the permanent basis of Islam. It provides detailed guidance to the’ people, concerning social and economic laws, leading to a sustainable, peaceful and purposeful life at the individual and collective levels.
Our Holy Prophet (p.b.u.h.) elaborated the injunctions of Islam by his words and deeds. The detailed explanation of the teachings of the Holy Qur’an is. found in the Sunnah, which is the essential source of Islamic laws & principle
(c) Traditions and Cultural Values:
The values and traditions, such as festivals, gathering and ceremonies which do not run opposite to the teachings of Islam, are allowed to be followed by the Muslims in their respective regions.
(ii) Languages of Pakistan:
Language is an effective vehicle of expression of conscious mind. It identified the nation. In Pakistan more than 30 languages are spoken. National language is Urdu the provincial languages are Sindhi, Punjabi, Pashto, Balochi not only represent the provinces also represent the culture of all parts of the country. National and Provincial languages develops source of unity. All languages have their own unique sweetness and melody.
(iii) Pakistan Resolution:
In March 1940, the annual session of the Muslim League was held in Lahore. The venue was Manto Park. Where now stands the Minar-e-Pakistan. The session was presided over by Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah. On this occasion, on 23 March 1940, Molvi Abul Qasim, Fazal-ul-Haq of Bengal moved his well-known resolution, which was unanimously PROVED. Chaudhry Khaliq-uz-Zaman of UP and Muslim leaders from all provinces seconded the resolution. In this session the political situation was analyzed in detail and Muslim demands a home land only to maintain their identify and safeguard of their rights.
THE RESOLUTION STATED:
That no constitution plan would be workable in this country of acceptable to the Muslims unless it is designed on the following basic principles namely.
(i) That geographically contagious units are demarcated into region which should be so constituted with such territorial readjustment as may be necessary that the area in which the Muslims are numerically majority as in the North Western and the Eastern Zones of India should be grouped to constitute independent state in which the constftuent units shall be autonomous and sovereign.
(ii) The adequate effective and mandatory safeguard should specially be provided in the constitution for minorities in these units and regions for the protection of their religious cultural, economic, political, administrative and other in consultation with them.
(iii) Pakistan Resolution was a Landmark in the history of the Muslims in South Asia, It determined for the Muslims a true goal and promised to them their home lands in the North East and North West.
(iv) The acceptance of the Pakistan Resolution accelerated the pace of the freedom movement. It gave new energy and courage to the Muslims who gathered around Mohammad Ali Jinnah in quest of struggle for independence.
(iv) Importance of the location of Pakistan:
Pakistan is situated in the North West of South Asia. On . the globe it is located between the latitudes 23.45° and 36.75° north, and between longitudes 61° and 75.5° east. In the north the border of Pakistan touches China. In the Northwest lies Afghanistan. In the west there is Iran. In the East of Pakistan lies India and in the South there is Arabian Sea. The total area of pakistan is 796096 sq. km.
IMPORTANCE OF LOCATION PAKISTAN:
Pakistan’s geographical location is very important. China, Russia and India are our neighbors. After the advent of Russia in Afghanistan, the friendly countries of Pakistan have realized importance of Pakistan. Pakistan has friendly relations with its neighbors, and trade relations are increasing. With China Pakistan have trade and other relation. The land route between Europe and the East also passes through Pakistan. In addition it provides a contact between European and Asian Countries.
Pakistan is the nearest country to Europe and America in the area of South-West-Asia. As such the southwestern Asian countries do their. trade with European countries, through Pakistan. The ships going to America and Europe, from south East Asia, for east and Australia pass through the seaport of Karachi, Pakistan. Also the air routs from Europe to Asia countries pass through Pakistan.
In this way the location of Pakistan has great importance.