SECTION ‘A’ (MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS)
1. Choose the correct answer for each from the given options:
i) Islam spread in the sub continent thorough:
• Sufis and saints
ii) Hazrat Ali Hajweri is known as:
• Data Ganj Bakhsh
• Khawaja Bukhsh
iii) The Upper House of Parliament in Pakistan ids called:
• National Assembly
• President House
• Prime Minister House
iv) In Pakistan, the first general elections were held in the year A.D:
v) The civilization of Sindh is approximately this many years old:
vi) This sea-port of Pakistan supplies raw,#materials to Pakistan Steel Mill:
• Bin Qasim.
vii) Asbab-e-Baghawat-e- Hind was written by:
• Abul Kalam Azad
• Sir Syed Ahmed Khan
• Raja Sahab Mehmoodabad
viii) Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah joined All India Muslim League in A.D:
ix) Pakistan’s first nuclear explosion took place in A.D:
x) The Cabinet Mission came to India in A.D:
xi) The numbers of the permanent members of the Security Council is:
xii) The Second World was ended in the year A.D:
xiii) The name of the poetic collection of Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai is:
• Shah Jo Khitab
• Shah Jo Risalo
• Shah Jo Majmuo
• Shah Jo Oars
xiv) The biggest masjid of Pakistan is:
• Badshahi Masjid Lahore
• Faisal Masjid Islamabad
• Jamia Masjid Thatta
• Memon Masjid Karachi
xv) The demand of Pakistan was based on:
• Hindu Muslim conflict
• Two Nation Theory
• Development of Muslims
xvi) The economy of Pakistan id based on:
xvii) The First Round Table Conference was held at:
xviii) The Head of City Government is called:
xix) The Simla delegation met the viceroy of India under the leadership of:
• Liaquat Ali Khan
• Aga Khan
• Muhammad Ali Jauhar
xx) The main causes of the summer rainfall in Pakistan are:
• Monsoon winds
• Western winds
• Mediterranean winds
• Siberian winds
SECTION ‘B’ (SHORT – ANSWER QUESTIONS)
2.i) Discuss the social conditions of the sub-continent before the advent of Islam.
The conditions of South-Asian subcontinent before the advent of Islam are as follows:
Social Conditions: There was a total collapse of the social order. The Hindu Society consisted of many castes and sub-castes. There were four main castes i.e. the Brahmin, the Khatri, the Vesh and the Sudan People of all the four castes are treated separately. Brahmins were considered superior and Sudar were considered as inferior of all.
They gave more importance-to wealth and every thing was considered right for the achievement of wealth. They stressed on exhibition of every thing. They had no difference of halal and haram.
Before the advent of Islam women had no respect and no part in the heredity of father. They were given very low status. Birth of a girl was not cherished in the family. For a common family the birth of such a child was regarded as bad omen. The cruel system of Sati was in practice, according to which Hindu widows were obligated to burn themselves on the funeral prayers of their husbands.
ii) Describe the a~ms and objectives of All India Muslim League.
The aims of Muslim league are given below:
1. To safe guard and protect Muslims interests and to convey their demands to British Government.
2. To create a feeling of respect and good will in Muslim for the British Government…
3. To promote brotherhood between the different nations of India.
iii) State the problems faced by Pakistan just after its establishment.
From its very inception. Pakistan faced a large number of problems. Some of the initial difficulties were:
1. Choice of Capital and Establishment of Government
2. Unfair Boundary Distribution
3. The Massacre of Muslim Refugees in India
4. Division of Military and Financial Assets
5. Canal Water Dispute
6. Kashmir Dispute
7. Constitutional Problem
8. Annexation of Princely States
iv) What -do you know about the regional languages of Pakistan? Explain.
There are five regional languages, Punjabi, Sind hi, Pushto, Baluchi, Brahvi and Kashmiri. Punjabi is the language of the province. ‘Punjab’.
Punjabi is rich in mystical and romantic poetry. The highly imaginative and artistic exquisite literature, mostly in verses has two forms. One is “Lyric Poetry,” which includes Bait, Kafi-si-harfi, Bara Mah and Satwara. The other one is “Narrative Poetry,”
Sindhi is one of the important regional languages of Pakistan. It appears that Sindhi was spoken in the Indus Delta from time immemorial. It is said that the language of the people of Moen-jo-Daro contained elements of present era Sindhi language.
Baluchi is the regional language of Balouchistan. It is the least developed of all the’ regional languages. It was spread by Baluchi tribes that migrated from Iran.
Pushto is the regional language of the N.W.F.P. and tribal areas. It
belongs to the East Iranian group of languages and contains many
Persian, Arabic, and Greek and Pehlevi words.
Brahvi is the next spoken language of Balouchistan. In fact, it is said to be spoken by a greater number of people than Baluchi. The Brahvi language is said to be one of Dravidian family of languages.
Kashmiri is the language of the people of the Indian-occupied Kashmir and Azad Kashmir. This language has been derived from Sanskrit.
Kashmiri is generany spoken in Muslim families of the valley. These languages are rich in literature, poetry, folk songs, and spiritual quotes of their respective saints and contribute greatly to the culture of Pakistan.
The regional languages, though distinct from each other in their forms, dialects and expressions of thoughts, have several common factors in them. They cultivate in them love, respect and a firm adherence to the Pakistan Ideology.
v) Explain the importance of the Objectives Resolution 1949 in the Constitution making of Pakistan.
Ans: See on Page # 63.
vi) Describe the geo-political importance of the location of Pakistan.
Ans: See on Page # 61.
vii) Write the salient features of Pakistani Culture.
Ans: See on Page # 83.
viii) Write a note on important Natural Resources of Pakistan.
Ans: See on Page # 61.
SECTION ‘C’ (DETAILED – ANSWER QUESTIONS)
3. Discuss in detail why the Muslims of the suh-continent demanded a separate homeland for themselves.
Ans: See on Page # 64.
4. Urdu language is a symbol of National integrity of Pakistan. Discuss.
ROLE OF URDU IN NATIONAL INTEGRATION
Introduction: Language is the only media by which one can express his ideas and feelings. It plays a vital role in building the character o.t an individual as well as a nation. A language brings closer each other and it creates a sense of harmony among the people. Pakistan has several regional languages chief of them being Pushto, Punjabi, Sindhi, Baluchi and Kashmir].
Urdu-National Language of Pakistan; After Independence Quaid-e-Aiam said in clear cut words that the National language of Pakistan would be Urdu. He said: “Let me make it clear that the national language of Pakistan is going to be Urdu and no other language. Without one state language no nation can remain tied up solidity together”. Evolution Of Urdu: Urdu evolved over a period of centuries by cultural contacts between local people of north of Sub Continent and Muslims of Arabia, Iran and Turkey. The base of this language is Prakrit, an Aryan language. The script of Urdu is modified form of Persian. Urdu is a word of Turkish lanquaqe and its literal meaning is camp. Qualities of Urdu
1. Great Power of Assimilation: The splendour of Urdu is Turkish and its charm is Persian in its, base .The vitality of Urdu lies in its ability to adopt words from other languages in such a way as if they originally belonged to it. The chief reason for its country wide popularity was its power of Assimilation. According. to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan: “….Still now Urdu has great affinity for many other words and ideas which increases its beauty.”
2. Source of National Identity: National language is the identity of a nation. When we are abroad we are identified as Pakistani because of our national language. That is why; every nation gives out respect and importance to national language.
Rich Treasure Of Prose And poetry. The Urdu language possesses a verY valuable treasure of poetry and prose. The poets and writers have contributed their most in its development. Maulana .Shibli Nomani,Maulana Hali,Deputy Nazir Ahmed ,Mirza Ghalib,Ameer Khusro and many others adopted this fanguage rn their poetry and writings. Sir Syed wrote for the re-wakening of the Muslims of sub Continent. According to Abdul Haq:
“It is Sir Syed due to whom Urdu has made such a great progress within a period of only one century.”
Importance Of Urdu In National Life: Certain points which expresses the Importance of Urdu in national life are given below:
1. Means of Brotherhood and Unity: People of Pakistan are one nation; therefore their thinking, aims and objectives are common. Their progress and prosperity depends upon their unity and brotherhood. An Important factor for achieving this unity and brotherhood is Urdu.
2. Source of Expression: Urdu has become a source of expression, feelings, thoughts and aspiration. People of two different areas can easily understood each other ideas and thoughts by Urdu.
3. Means of Communication and Co-ordination: Urdu serves as a means of communication and is a binding force between all e four provinces of Pakistan. People living in different provinces realize that in spite of speaking different languages, they are joined together by one national language which is the heritage of all.
4. Medium of Instruction: Urdu language is the medium of instruction ir most- of the educatiortal institutions of Pakistan History, Islamic Studies, Political Science and other subjects are taught up to M.A level n Urdu. Lectures on Islamic education and religion are also delivered in Urdu throughout Pakistan. Urdu-An Important Part Of Our Cultural Heritage: Urdu grew in popularity and by the later Mughal Period and the advent of the British, It had been adopted by the Muslims and the Hindus alike. It would not be wrong to say if it is said that:
“Urdu is a part of our cultural Heritage”
Oonclusion: Being the National language of the country, it is the binding force in different parts of Pakistan. The officers have adopted Urdu language in their official work and the Government has published a dictionary containing Urdu terms for the office ork. The Urdu Development Board and “Anjuman-e-Taraqqi-e-Urdu are trying to give Urdu a place in society and it is hope that Urdu oul find its place in society within short period of time.
5. Describe the basic principles of the Foreign Policy of Pakistan.
Ans: See on Page # 70.