SECTION ‘A’ (MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS)
1. Choose the correct answer for each from the given options:
i) The total area of Pakistan, in square kilometers is:
ii) The agreement, signed between the All India Muslim league and Congress in A.D. 1916, is known as:
* Simla Agreement
* Lucknow Pact
* Indus basin Treaty
* Indian Independence Act
iii) The highest mountain peak of Pakistan is:
* Nanga Parbat
* Godwin Austin (K-2)
* Peer Panjal
iv) Masjid Mahabat Khan is situated in the city of:
v) The Second World War began in A.D. 1939 and ended in A.D.:
vi) Sindh was separated from Bombay in A.D.:
vii) In the north, Pakistan borders:
viii) The United Nations was founded in A.D.:
ix) The first constitution of Pakistan was implemented in A.D.:
x) The first Five year plan of Pakistan began in A.D.:
xi) General Ayub Khan took over the post of Chief Martial Law Administrator in A.D.:
xii) The Constitutional name of Pakistan is:
* Peoples Republic of Pakistan
* Democratic State of Pakistan
* Islamic State of Pakistan
* Islamic Republic of Pakistan
xiii) The second Islamic Summit was’ held in:
xiv) The name of Hazrat Mujadid Alif Sani was:
* Shaikh Ahmed
* Shaikh Abdal
* Shaikh Akbar
* Shaikh Asghar
xv) This province of Pakistan is known as Babul Islam:
* Khyber Pukhtoon Khwa
xvi) The partition of Bengal was annulled”in A.D.:
xvii) The All India Muslim.League was founded in the year A.D.
xviii) In A.D. 1930, Allama Iqbal presented his presidential address
xix) The Chief of the Boundary Commission at the time of partition of India was:
* Radcliffe .
xx) The first president of Pakistan was:
* Iskandar Mirza
* Liaquat Ali Khan
* Ayub Khan
SECTION ‘B’ (SHORT – ANSWER QUESTIONS)
2.i) Explain the Two ration Theory.
Ans: See on Page # 62.
ii) Write the fourteen points of Quaid-e-Azam,
In March 1929, at the annual session of All India Muslim league, Quaid-e-Azam declared his famous fourteen points which are as follows.
1. Federal System: The form of the future constitution should be federal with the residuary powers rested in the provinces.
2. Provincial Autonomy: A uniform measure of autonomy shall be granted to all provinces.
3. Representation of Minorities: All legislative in the country and other elected bodies shall be constituted on the definite principles of adequate and effective representation of minorities in every province without reducing the majority in any province to a minority or even equality.
4. Number of Muslim Representatlves: In the central legislative, Muslims representatives shall be not less than one-third.
5. Separate Electorates: Representative of communal groups shall continue to be by means of separate electorates as at present provided it shall be open to any community, at any time, to abandon its separate electorate in favour of joint electorate.
6. Muslim Majority Provinces: Any territorial re-distribution that might
at any time be necessary shall not in any way, effect the Muslim majority in Punjab, Bengal and N.w.F.P.
7. Religious Liberty: Full religious liberty, liberty of belief, worship and observance, association and education shall be guaranteed to all’ the communication.
8. Three-Fourth Representation: No bill or resolution shall be passed in any legislative or any other elected body if three-fourths of the members of any community in that particular body oppose such a bill.
9. Separation of Sindh: Sindh should be separated from Bombay Presidency.
10. Introduction of Reforms in N.W.F.P and Balouchistan: Reforms should be introduced in the North-West Frontier Province and Balouchistan on the same footing as in other provinces.
11. Government Services: Muslims should be giv~n adequate share along with other Indians in the services of State.
12. Protection of Muslim’s culture and Language: The constitution should embody adequate safeguard for the protection of Muslim culture. language. religion and civilization.
13. One – Third Muslim Ministers: No cabinet. either central·or provincial be formed without being a proportion of at least one-third Muslim Ministers.
14. Constitution: No change shall be made in the constitution of State except with the concurrence of State constituting the Indian Federation.
iii) What ·do you know about the National language of Pakistan?
Ans: See on Page # 63.
iv) What are the Natural Resources of Pakistan?
Ans: See on Page # 61.
v) Describe the Islamic Provisions of the constitution of Pakistan 1973 A.D.
The following are the Islamic provisions of 1973 constitution based on the principles of Holy Quran and Sunnah.
1. Official Name: Pakistan will be known as “Islamic Republic of Pakistan.”
2. State Religion: Islam will be the state religion of Pakistan.
3. Sovereignty Belongs ‘to Allah: Sovereignty over the entire Universe belongs to Almighty Allah and the authority bestowed by him on men is a sacred trust which the people of Pakistan will exercise with the limits prescribed by Quran and Sunnah ..
4. Definition of a Muslim: The constitution also gives the definition of
a Muslim. A person who believes in Tauheed or Oneness of Allah and in the absolute and unqualified finality of the prophethood of Hazrat Mohammad (P.B.U.H) as the last prophet of Allah has described as a Muslim.
5. A Muslim to be a President and Prime Minister: The constitution laid down that only Muslims will be elected President and Prime Minister of Pakistan. Non non-Muslim could hold these offices.
6. Islamic Way of Life: Steps will be given to enable the Muslims of Pakistan to order their lives in accordar’fce with the fundamental principles and basic concepts of Islam.
7. Promotion of Social Justice and Eradication of Social Evils: The state will take necessary steps for prosecution of social justice and eradication of social evils and will prevent prostitution, gambling and taking of injurious drugs, printing, publication, circulation and display of obscene literature and advertisements.
8. Teachings of Holy Quran and Islamiat The state will try to make the teachings of Holy Quran and Islamiat compulsory to encourage and facilitate the learning of Arabic language.
9. Provision relating to the Holy Quran and Sunnah: All existing laws will be brought in conformity with the injunctions of Islam as laid down in the Holy Quran and Sunnah and no law will be enacted which is repugnant to such injunctions.
10. Council of Islamic Ideology: There is a council of Islamic ideology which will guide the govemment in respect of Islamic teachings, their implementation and propagation. Its chairman and members are appointed by President. Although its advice is not binding on the government yet it is not easy for any govemment to ignore or over rule its suggestion or opinion regarding any law. ,
11. Zakat and Waqfs: Proper organization of Zakat, Waqfs and asjids are ensured.
12. Error Free Publication of Quran: The government will endeavour
to secure correct and exact printing and publishing of the Holy Quran.
13. Strengthing Bond, with Muslim World: The state will endeavour to strengthen fraternal relations among Muslim countries in order to promote Islamic unity.
14. Ahmadi’s – a Non Muslim Minority: According to the second amendment of 1973 constitution, the Qadiani group or the Lahori group who call themselves “Ahmadi’s” were declared as Non-Muslim minority.
vi) What do you know about the Cultural Heritage of Pakistan? .
Ans: See on Page # 83.
vii) State the aims and objectives of U.N.O.
The aims and objectives of the United Nations Organization can be referred as under:
1. To make efforts for the peace and security at the global level.
2. To promote mutual security and wellbeing on the world basis so that the social, political, economic and cultural problems of the world may be solved peacefully.
3. To provide the guarantee of basic human rights irrespective of colour and creed, language, religion and sex and to respect human liberty. .
4. To take steps for providing protection to the world peace from the dangers, eliminating racial and ..p•a. rtial incidents and to solve the international disputes according to the international laws.
5. Respecting the- mutual freedom and sovereignty, promotion to the friendly relations on the basis of equality.
6. Avoiding the interference in the internal affairs of one another.
viii) Describe the importance of the location of Pakistan.
Ans: See on Page # 61
SECTION ‘C’ (DETAILED – ANSWER QUESTIONS)
3. Describe the Ideology of Pakistan in the light of Quaid- Azam statements.
Ans: See on Page # 78.
4. Describe the important political events that took plaee between 1940 A.D, and 1947 A.D.
Ans: See on Page # 76.
5. What were the problems faced by Pakistan soon after its creation?
Ans: See on Page # 80.