SECTION “A” (MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS)
1. Choose the correct answer for each from the given options
(i) The ideology of Pakistan is based on:
(ii) China is situated in this side of Pakistan:
(iii) The second Islamic Summit Conference was held in this city of Pakistan:
(iv) The War of Independence started in the year A.D.
(v) They have been established to develop Universal Education at Federal and Provincial levels:
* Social Organization
* Economic Organization
* Educational Organization
* Welfare Organization
(vi) According to 1998 census the population of Karachi approximately:
* 10 Million
* 18 Million
* 5 Million
* 20 Million
(vii) Sir Syed Ahmed Khan establishes Muhammaden Anglo Oriental College in:
(viii) Majority of the population of Pakistan is associated with:
* Fish farming
(ix) The people involved in different task constitute:
* Natural resources
* Human resources
* Animal resources
(x) The biggest Salt mine in the World is located at:
(xi) Sindh language is written in a modified script of:
(xii) The shrine of Hazrat Sachal Sarmast is situated at:
* Bhit Shah
(xiii) Total numbers of the members of Pakistan National Assembly is:
(xiv) The name of the sitting Governor of Sindh Province is:
* Jan Muhammad Abbasi
* Lateef Khosa
* Dr. Ishrat-ul-Ebad Khan
* Dr. Ishrat Hussain
(xv) The total area of Pakistan in sq.km is:
SECTION B (SHORT-ANSWER QUESTIONS)
2.(i) Write 3 sentences of the Ideology of Pak.
The faith and ideal which proved to the causes of the movement for the establishment of Pakistan is called ideology of Pakistan. The faith of the Muslims for the ideology of pakistan was Islam and the ideal or goal was to achieve an Islamic state in South Asia on the basis of two nation theory.
(ii) What do you know about the festivals of Non Muslims?
Hindu and Sikhs celebrate their festivals of Diwali, Ram Leela, Holi, Rakhi Bandhan and Besakhi etc. Christians celebrate the birth of Hazrat Isa on 25th December and Easter festival in April.
(iii) Write three important causes 0 Excess Population Growth in Pakistan.
(i) Early marriage particularly in rural areas.
(ii) Religions and social attitudes of people and general tendency to prefer larger families.
(iii) Illiterate and poverty ridden society unaware of the responsibilities of married life.
(iv) Describe the Domestic trade of Pakistan.
Domestic trade refers to the buying and selling activities which take place within a country. Buying or selling the goods by a province, place or city from and to the other province, place or city. Domestic trade also includes inter provincial trade like trade activities taking place amongst all the four provinces of Pak.
(v) How does migration of Population affects a Country’s development?
The migration of population creates the several problems.
The fast rate of movement the families add to the shortage of residential units and people have to pay more rent for houses and shops accordinqly. The problems of health and sanitation increased up to the uncontrollable level. The education, employment and other civic facilities became in sufficient. The law & order situation decreased and crime rise
(vi) Name three cash crops of Pakistan.
Three important cash crops of Pakistan are:
(vii) Write any 3 steps which have been taken by the Government for Industrial development of our country.
The following are the steps which have been taken by the Government to develop the Industry:
(1) In 1948, an industrial policy was announced which encouraged private investment in the industrial field.
(2) In 1962, Pakistan Industrial Development Corporation (PIDC)was setup by the government.
(3) Foreign investors have also been invited and encouraged to invest in Pakistan.
(viii) Name any three Saints of Pak. Where do they come from.
(1) Hazrat Ali Hajveri (Data Gunj Buksh):
He came Ghazni in the period of Sultan Mohammed Ibrahim. Through are lectures and teachings and through his simple and gentle way of life thousands of non-Muslims accepted Islam.
(2) Shah Abdul Lateef Bhitai:
he kindled the light of Islam in Sindh, his message was simple and clear which shook the local people and brought them to the fold of Islam. He was also a poet and a musician. Hewrote verses into the love of God and his collection “Shah- Jo-Risalo” is an example of knowledge and enlightenment.
(3) Lal Shah Baz Qalander:
He was a great sufi and a person who disliked every luxury. It is through his piousness and purity of life that thousands of people came to the fold of Islam.
(ix) Mention three aims and objectives of the establishment of All India Muslim League.
(a) To establish good friendly relations between the British Govt. and Muslims.
(b) To co-ordinate with other nations and political parties in the sub- continent for common welfare.
(c) To protect the right of the Muslims by seeking co operation of the government and other parties.
(x) Write in brief about the Karakoram Mountains Range.
The average height of Karakoram rang is about 7000 metres. The highest peak of Pakistan and the second highest peak of the world Godwin Austin or K-2 is located in Karakoram. Its height above the sea-level is 8611 metres. A number of glaciers cover this range, including the Siachin glacier. Pakistan’s silk route or Karakoram highway passes through this range and connects it with China.
(xi) Differentiate Import and Export.
The commodities, raw material or manufactured products which country purchases from other countries to fulfill the requirements are called Imports. Whereas, those products, raw materials or manufactured commodities which are surplus from the actual requirements of a country and it sells them to other countries and gains foreign exchange are called Exports.
(xii) Name any three regional languages of Pakistan. Where are they spoken?
(1) Punjabi – spoken in Punjab
(2) Sindhi – spoken in Sindh
(3) Balochi – spoken in Baluchistan.
(xiii) Write names of any 3 SAARC Countries.
Pakistan, India and Sri Lanka.
(xiv) Write any three causes of Environmental Pollution.
(1) The addition of such elements on components in air, which put injuries influences on human life, animal and plants is called air pollution.
(2) Water which is obtained naturally from rivers, seas, lakes and springs, the addition of such elements and compounds in water which put injurious influences and human life is called water pollution.
(3) The earth is polluted biologically, chemically and physiologically, when a number of harmful things are inducted earth.
(xv) Write three sentences on the importance of Technical and Vocational Education.
(i) Technical and vocational education helps in sustainable economic and industrial development.
(ii) Technical and vocational education prepares individuals for the progress of the country.
(iii) With the help of Technical and vocational education boys and girls get expertise in such crafts and skills which make their individual lives successful.
SECTION’C’ (DETAILED ANSWER QUESTIONS)
Note: Answer any Two questions from this Section.
3.(a)What steps can be taken for increasing the industrial growth In Pakistan?
(a) Establishment of Law and Order:
Law and order situation of the country should be improved enabling the investors to invest money without fear of loss of life or assets.
(b) Simplified industrial Rules:
It is necessary for the development of trade and commerce and industry that rules and regulations for trade should be made easier and simplified.
(c) Training of the Staff:
It is necessary for the development of trade and commerce and industries in Pakistan that suitable training should be proved the staff. A sense of dignity of labour to work and doing hard work for more productions.
(d) Quality Control:
It is great need of time for the development of industries that a stick system of quality control should be setup. There should not be compromise 0′; the quantity and standard of the finished product
It is also necessary for the development that the standard of the education of marketing a business administration should be improved so that the demand of industrial products could be increased by introducing them in the public.
(f) Control to smuggling:
It is necessary for the development of industrial sector to establish the foreign trade the smuggling of foreign commodities in Pakistan should be stopped. Working condition of workers: It is necessary for the industrial progress and to solve the industrial problem in Pakistan. The Govt. should establish industrial research institution.
(g) Industrial Policies:
Industrial policies in Pakistan should be well defined on stable so that the implementation of these policies could become easy & positive result could receive from these policies.
3.(b)Describe in detail the different climatic regions of Pak.
Pakistan has been divided into 4 major climatic regions.
(1) Sub-tropical coastal region of low rainfall:
The coast of Pakistan and the areas not very far from it are included in this region. Due to nearness to the sea this region enjoys moderate type of climate. The temperature of this region is dominated by the sea breeze throughout the summer. Annual average temperature is 32°C and rainfall is 180 millimeters. May and June are the hottest months.
(2) Sub-tropical continental low land region:
These include the entire Indus Plain l.e, the interior areas of Punjab and Sindh excluding coastal areas. The climate is characterized by high summer temperature aridity and the late summer monsoon rains. The annual range of temperature is high. In the Thai, Kachhi, Sibi and south eastern plains are dry and a large area is desert.
(3) Sub-tropical continental high land region:
Sub-tropical continental high land include the outer and middle Himalayas, the north-western hills (including Chitral, Swat, Waziristan, Zhob and Loralai) and the Balochistan Hills. They are characterized by cold, snowy winters, cool summer, winter and spring rains and frequent fog the outer Himalayan area which includes Murree, Abbottabad and Hazara receive rain fall through out the year. The winter is severe with occasional snowfall on mountains.
(4) Sub-tropical continental Plateau:
This embraces north western Balochistan and is markedly dry and hot. Hot and dusty wind prevails almost continuously from mid May to mid summer. In the summer the temperature shoots up. This region receives scanty rain fall in January and February. The winter is very cold. The hottest places in Pakistan like Sibi and Jacobadad are found in this region. There is occasional snow fall on mountains.
4.(a)What are the main agriculture problems of Pakistan? Describe the steps which are being taken by the Government of Pakistan to solve these problems.
MAIN AGRICULTURAL PROBLEMS:
The progress of our country is linked with agriculture and the crops output. Unfortunately our agricultural system has to face a number of problems which are as under:-
(i) lack of modern methods of agriculture:
The yield per acre of our agriculture cops is very low because the agriculturists have hardly adopted modern practices in use of agriculture.
(ii) Increase of population:
With the speedy growth of population the number of farmers and those who depends in agriculture is increasing, but, the cultivated areas are not growing at the same rate. In this way per head cultivated area is decreasing.
(iii) Shortage of Rainfall:
The shortage of rainfall or drought also affects the areas of cultivation though irrigation is done through canals. Water level in the rivers and canals drops if rainfall is less. Heavy rains are also harmful for crops. Weather uncertainty creates many problems.
(iv) Water logging and Salinity:
The biggest problem of agriculture is water Jogging and salinity. The underground water level rises up to the surface, in some areas and this makes the land sprayed with salts and other chemicals harmful to agriculture. This menace makes the land unproductive. According to an estimate, every year, about a hundred thousand acres of land becomes useless in Sindh and Punjab.
(v) Diseases to Crops:
Crops diseases and pests have a very bad effect on crops. In certain areas wild boar, rats and other animals destroy the standing crops.
(vi) Insufficient and bad means of transportation:
Insufficient and bad means of transportation also have an adverse effect on our agriculture. The yield of the crops cannot be brought to the markets in time. There is shortage of god owns for storage and protection from rain, wind and storms. Farmers do not get sufficient reward for their hard work because of these factors and become defected.
(vii) Lack of medical facilities:
In the countryside lack of medical help, unsuitable living conditions and non-availability of other essential provisions have a very badly affected the health of our farmers and their families.
MEASURES TO SOLVE AGRICULTURAL PROBLEMS:
The government has taken the following necessary steps to solve these problems:
(1) Agricultural training facilities and technical advice and training facilities are being increased. Radio and television are also presenting programs about modern techniques and methods to avoid diseases of crops.
(2) The government is providing loan on easy terms to enable them to buy modern equipments, fertilizers, good seeds and necessary pesticides. Special loans are given to install tube wells and to purchase tractors.
(3) To minimize the pressure, cottage industries and trade’s relating to agriculture are being encouraged. Farmers in there spare season may earn some income from these industries.
(4) For timely availability of water in the required quantity artificial methods of irrigation are being made more effective.
(5) All efforts are being made to uproot the problems of water.
4.(b)Write down the importance of education in the progress of a country. What are the problems of Education in Pak.
Importance of education in the progress of a country:
The importance of education in the development and progress can be described as follows:
(1) Education helps mankind to pass through many stages of evolution and reached to the present age of science and high technology.
(2) Education helps the man to domination of the natural forces. The modern man, due to scientific advancement, has controlled the rough rivers, deep seas and the erupting volcano.
(3) Education and trained persons are the guarantee of prosperity of the country. Researchers, scientists and engineers come into being through education & training only.
(4) Education helps in understanding the secret that economic development depends on education. We can conclude that economic, social, political, technological and scientific development depends on education.
(5) Education is also a source of producing the feelings of patriotism because the people are aware of the nationhood, national objectives and national policies thus patriotism is produced in every individual of the society. Thus the opportunities of progress and development are produced in the nation and country.
(6) Education helps in understanding the rights and duties of a citizen to perform his or her role for the welfare and progress of the society.
(7) Education helps not in understanding the ideology but it also tells about the methods through which it can be made stable.
(8) Sense of nationalism and love for country is created amongst the people through education which itself is the guarantee of stability of the country.
In brief, education and development are complementary. A developed nation promotes education further and education accelerates the pace of development in a country.
PROBLEMS IN EDUCATION:
Following are the main problems in education:
(1) Attitude of the Feudal:
The feudal system is the major obstacle in the way of education of the poor children. The parents are poor and can hardly afford educational expenses of their children. Feudal lords in the rural areas have discouraged education of the poor children. They want to employ poor children on little wages. This is the reason that literacy rate in the rural areas has not increased; especially the education of female children has suffered much.
(2) Attitude of Politicians and High officials:
Politicians in general are not in the favour of promoting and spreading education due to the reason that awakening in the people through education will expose their irregularitles.
(3) High Fees of Private Educational Institutions:
Private sector educational institutions charge high fees as compared to the facilities provided there. Teachers are overworked but paid low salaries. Teachers in the private schools are less qualified and hence their standard is less than the teachers in the government schools.
(4) Shortage of Text Books:
Text Book Board gets the text books printed late. The price of text books is very high. Private schools provide their own books imported from other countries which are extremely expensive.
(5) Teacher Absenteeism:
In rural areas, teacher absenteeism has adversely affected the progress in education. Shortages of teachers in rural areas, ghost schools and lack of supervision of rural schools have resulted in low progress in the promotion of education and eradication of illiteracy.
(6) Shortage of physical facilities:
The teaching materials are extremely short in the schools like chalk, boards, furniture, buildings, rooms etc. According to a survey, 25,000 schools do not have their buildings. Most of the village schools are deprived of the facilities of drinking water and bath rooms. Most of the village schools are confine to ‘one room’ school.
(7) Political Interference:
Public representatives interfere in the administration of educational institutions especially in the appointment and transfer of teachers. Merit is ignored and appointments are made on favoritism or political recommendations.
5.(a) Describe the importance of the geographical location of Pakistan in the region.
Pakistan is situated in the North West of South Asia. On the globe it is located between the latitudes 23.45° and 36.75° north, and between longitudes 61° and 75.5° east. In the north the border of Pakistan touches China. In the Northwest lies Afghanistan. In the west there is Iran. In the East of Pakistan lies India and in the South there is Arabian Sea. The total area of Pakistan is 796096 sq. km.
IMPORTANCE OF LOCATION PAKISTAN:
Pakistan’s geographical location is very important. China, Russia and India are our neighbors. After the advent of Russia in Afghanistan, the friendly countries of Pakistan have realized importance of Pakistan. Pakistan has friendly relations with its neighbors, and trade relations are increasing. With China Pakistan have trade and other relation.
The land route between Europe and the East also passes through Pakistan. In addition it provides a contact between European and Asian Countries.
Pakistan is the nearest country to Europe and America in the area of South-West-Asia. As such the southwestern Asian countries do their trade with European countries, through Pakistan. The ships going to America and Europe, from south East Asia, for east and Australia pass through the seaport of Karachi, Pakistan. Also the air routs from Europe to Asia countries pass through Pakistan. In this way the location of Pakistan has great importance.
5.(b)Write a note on any One of the following:
(i) Sugar Industry:
It is one of the biggest industries in the country. Pakistan started with two sugar factories at Rahwali near Gujranwala (Punjab) and Takht Bhai (N.W.F.P) in 1947. Sugar is made out of sugarcane, which is cultivated in large quantity in the three provinces namely, Punjab, Sindh and N.W.F.P. Therefore, government decided to set up sugar factories in the areas where sugarcane is cultivated. There are 78 Sugar mills in the country (40 in Punjab, 32 in Sindh, 6 in N.W.F.P) with capacity to produce 5 millions tones of refined sugar. Pakistan :.js not only self-sufficient in the production of sugar but also earns valuable foreign exchange through export of sugar. Pakistan’s sugar is of best quality.
(ii) Importance of Forests:
IMPORTANCE OR ADVANTAGES OF FOREST:
(i) Forest provides good quality timber for furniture.
(ii) Fertility of soil remains intact and flood devastation in rivers in reduced.
(iii) Forest provide number of products like honey, silk worn, herbs and firewood.
(iv) Forests provided wood for fuel and construction work.
(v) Forests provide raw material for paper, rubber, matches, medicines and sports goods.
(vi) Forests provide turpentine oil, Sandal wood and its Oil, gum, Ephedra and Mazri. Ephedra is used incough. Mat and baskets are made from mazri.
(vii) Forests help in causing rain, stopping floods and making atmosphere moderate.
(viii) Forests provide a breeding place for different animals, and insects, which are useful for man, like honey bee.
(ix) Forests stop, cold winds and regulate the flow of river and help in controlling floods.
(x) Forests are the important source of government revenues and employment to the people.
(xi) Cattle wealth is raised on forests because they become gazing field for them.
(xii) Pharmaceutical industry depends on forests.
(xiii) Forests, boosting the scenic beauty of the country, attract the tourists.
(iii) Role of an Individual in the Welfare State
The rights and duties of an individual and the welfare state run side by side. The welfare state fulfils the needs of its citizen and guarantees their welfare, where as the citizens are expected to perform their duties honesty and sincerely.
(1) It is our duty to be loyal and faithful to our country and we should be prepared to offer any kind of sacrifice for the sake of our country and nation.
(2) It is the duty of every citizen to respect the rights of his fellow countrymen. Good citizen is the one from whom the life, honour and property of the other citizen are safe.
(3) : It is the duty of public to make proper use of the public facilities provided by the government, without any wastage.
(4) It is the duty of every citizen to take part in the welfare activities and also pursue other to join him Performance of national duty also includes collective acts such as cleaning the streets of the locality. We should make every possible effort to keep them clean.
(5) We must ensure that public property such as buses and railways are not damaged while traveling. So that public is not deprived of these facilities. We must purchase the ticket while traveling, because it is legal and moral responsibility.
(6) It is our duty to pay the various taxes levied by the government payment of license fees for Radio, Television, Scoter, Car etc. should not be avoided. The income thus received is utilized in social welfare schemes in providing public facilities.
The government alone should not be expected to provide all the welfare facilities, but the citizens should them selves make and run welfare plans on self help basis,to assist the government.