SECTION “A” (MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS)
1. Choose the correct answer for each from the given options:
(1) Pakistan Resolution was firstly seconded by:
* Moulvi Fazlul Haque
* Khwaja Nazimuddin
* Chaudhry Khaliq-uz-Zaman
* Chaudhry Rehmat Ali
(2) Gawadar Port is situated in the Province of:
* Khyber Pakhtun Khuwa
(3) The first Constitution of Pakistan was implemented in:
(4) The Economy of Pakistan depends up on:
(5) An institution, “Sindhi Language Authority” has been established for the promotion of Sindhi language in the year A.D
(6) The education provided in classes IX and X is called:
* Primary education
* Middle education
* Secondary education
* Higher Secondary education
(7) The agricultural sector provides raw material to meet the need of the country about:
(8) In Pakistan the number of industrial Labour employed in cotton industry is:
(9) The real name of Shah Waliullah was:
* Shah Abdul Rahim
* Shah Khalilullah
* Shah Abdul Karim
(10) Bangladesh was recognized by Pakistan during this Summit Conference.
(11) In Sindh, this organization is responsible for the preparation and development of text books:
* Board of Secondary Education Karachi
* Federal Board
* Sukkur Board
* Sindh Text Book Board
(12) Creator of the name of Pakistan is:
* Sir Syed Ahmed Khan
* Allama Iqbal
* Choudhary Rehmat Ali
* Air Aga Khan
(13) Ajrak is very famous in our country particularly in
* Khyber Pakhtun Khwa
(14) The length of the coastal area of Pakistan is about:
* 700 km
* 800 km
* 850 km
* 900 km
(15) The name of the present Governor of Sindh Province is:
* Er. Ishrat Hussain
* Dr. Ishrat-ul-Ebad Khan
* Syed Qaim Ali Shah
* None of these
SECTION ‘B’ (SHORT-ANSWER QUESTIONS)
Note: Answer 12 questions from this Section.
2.(i) Highlight the role of Sindh Province in Pak. Movement.
Sindh had been a place of scholar, social reformers and politicians. Sindh played a key role in the Pakistan Movement. Pakistan Resolution was passed by the complete support of Sindh. Sir Abdullah Haroon from Sindh delivered an excellent speech in support of Pakistan Resolution.
The courage and valour of pir Sibghatullah shah during the struggle for freedom in sindh, can never be forgotten. His followers the “Hurs” never surrendered to British and started armed struggle for freedom.
Students of Sindh Madressa Karachi and Noor Muhammad High school Hyderabad were in fore-front during the struggle for freedom.
In the elections in 1946 Sindh regarding inclusion Pakistan or not, G.M. syed was defeated and Muslim League won all the seats from Sindh. That is why Sindh provisional assembly voted unanimously for inclusion in Pakistan.
(ii) Write 3 sentences on Trade & Commerce.
Domestic trade refers to the buying and selling activities which take place within a country. Buying or selling the goods by a province, place or city from and to the other province, place or city. Domestic trade also includes inter provincial trade like trade activities taking place amongst all the four provinces of Pakistan.
(iii) Write three main objectives of Aligarh Movement.
Sir Syed Ahmed Khan made social and Political efforts which are collectively known as Aligarh Movement Sir Syed Ahmed emphasized the need for maintaining friendly relations with the British to earn their good will. Sir Syed Ahmed stressed upon Muslims to learn modern knowledge. He set up a scientific society at Ghazipur in 1862 and Later on raised to the Aligarh Movement:
Level of a college named Aligarh College. He maturated the Muslims to learn English language and scientific knowledge. He made great services in social way, thus Aligarh movement became a source of strength for the Muslims in the sub continent.
(iv) Write three steps for the industrial development in Pak.
The following are the steps which have been taken by the Government to develop the Industry:
(1) In 1948, an industrial policy was announced which encouraged private investment in the industrial field.
(2) In 1962, Pakistan Industrial Development Corporation (PIDC)was setup by the government
(3) Foreign investors have also been invited and encouraged to invest in Pakistan.
(v) Write any 3 agricultural problems of Pak.
(i) Water logging and salinity are the major problem in which underground water level rises up to the surface and salt and other harmful chemical which come up make land unproductive.
(ii) Shortage of rainfall not only affects natural water supply but also makes the water level drop in the rivers.
(iii) Agriculturists have hardly adopted modern methods and that is why the yield per acre is very low.
(vi) Write down any three points out of the 14 points of Quaid-e-Azam.
(i) In the Central Legislature, Muslim representation shall not be less than one third.
(ii) Any territorial redistribution shall not affect the Muslim majority in Punjab, Bengal and N.W.F.P.
(iii) Full religious liberty shall be guaranteed to all communities.
(vii) Why was East Pak. separated from West Pakistan? Write any 3 causes of separation.
The causes of separation of East Pakistan are follows
(i) The distance between the two parts of Pakistan was more than 1600 kilometers separated by India.
(ii) Imposition of Martial Laws created a sense of deprivation among the people of East Pakistan.
(iii) Army started military action against the- separatist movement of Awami League. This created hatred among Bengalis and they also started armed struggle.
(iv) East Pakistan wanted complete provincial autonomy.
(viii) Write three characteristic of Culture.
Culture is the combination of traditions and customs, collective and individual behaviour during peace and war, methods borrowed from others, science, religion and art which is not the heritage of past only but also the analysis of future.
(ix) Write the fundamental contents of Islamic Ideology.
Fundamentals sources of Islamic Ideology:
(a) The Holy Qur’an: The Qur’an is the permanent basis of Islam. It provides detailed guidance to the people, concerning social and economic laws, leading to a sustainable, peaceful and purposeful life at the individual and collective levels.
(b) Sunnah: Our Holy Prophet (p.b.u.h.) elaborated the injunctions of Islam by his words and deeds. The detailed explanation of the teachings of the Holy Qur’an is found in the Sunnah, which is the essential source of Islamic laws & principle
(c) Traditions and Cultural Values: The values and traditions, such as festivals, gathering and ceremonies which do not run opposite to the teachings of Islam, are allowed to be followed by the Muslims in their respective regions.
(x) Write down three sentences on utility of Urdu Language.
(i) Urdu is used as a common speaking language in all provinces of Pakistan .
(ii) Urdu language is an easy and comprehensive language, one can easily understand and speak Urdu by doing some efforts.
(iii) The words of many international as well as local language are used in Urdu language.
(xi) Write down any three objective of the education of Information Technology.
The main objectives of I.T. education in Pakistan are:
(i) To modernize education:
To modernize educational system by introducing information technology.
(ii) Modern Information:
To provide access to research and modern information through the internet.
(iii) Communication Technology:
To employ communication technology for the training of teachers and other educational activities.
(xii) Write three important duties of Islamic Welfare State.
Duties of Islamic Welfare State:
(i) The foremost duty of welfare state is the setting up of an Islamic Society.
(ii) To establish an Islamic policy based on the principles of equality, justice and mutual respection cooperation.
(iii) To provide equal opportunities for progress and don not fall victim to ignorance, poverty and exploitation.
(xiii) Write down three sentences on moderation in life.
Moderation is the foundation of the economic prosperity because its creates a final state of peace in the nation. Moderation is a source of providing a peaceful life. Moderation provides help in the planning of future.
(xiv) Write down three sentences on Pakistan Resolution.
The annual session of Muslim League was held in Lahore in March 1940, Maulvi Fazlul Haq presented a resolution about the future of the Muslims of subcontinent. It was unanimously passed. By the Pakistan Resolution, the Muslim League had decided its goal and had set up a plan for the political struggle of Muslims for the establishment of a new state.
(xv) Write down three sentences on the 3rd June Plan.
In March 1947 Lord Mountbatten becomes the Viceroy of Sub Continent tried to keep the Sub Continent united but fails in his efforts. He finally come to the conclusion that there was no other possible solution of political problem of the Sub Continent except to partition. On 3rd June he announce the plan of the partition. According to it the power would be given to Pakistan on 14th August. This bill was passed and carried to be known as Indian Independence Act 1947.
SECTION ‘C’ (DETAILED ANSWER QUESTIONS)
Note: Answer any Two questions from this Section.
3.(a) Hightlight the prominent points of the character of Quid-e-Azam which make role model for others.
The salient feature of the personality of Quaid-e-Azam which makes him a role model is:
(i) Principle liking: He was a principle liking person. He made his life as a sum of principle. He always acted upon whatever he said or promised to do.
(ii) Intelligence: He was an intelligent leader and combine the traits such courage, sense of responsibility, integrity and dedication.
(iii) Strong character: He had a strong character and did not compromise on his principles.
(iv) Devotion: He devoted his life for the cause of Muslims of South Asia. The aim of his life to protect the rights of the Muslims of Sub Continent.
(v) Youth Favour: lt was a great equality of his personality that he always supported and admired the youth. He called the students the builder of the nation.
(b) What are the causes of growth of Population in Pak.? Describe the effects of growing population on Education
CAUSES OF POPULATION GROWTH:
Following are the causes of population growth in Pak.:
(i) Majority of the people believe that Allah is the sustainer and Provider. Many people think that having a large family is a source of strength. They also consider family planning contrary to Islamic teachings.
(ii). Family planning practices have not gained popularity in the Pakistani society as yet.
(iii) The low literacy rate also contributes to the higher population growth.
(iv) Early marriages also add to the growth of children.
(v) Poverty is yet another reason. The growth rate among the poor is greater as compared to other groups of society. The reason is that they don’t bother about the standard of life and providing good education to their children. .
(vi) The desire for a male child results in producing more children. In the rural areas, more male children are considered to be an asset for the family and a sign of pride among the kith and kin and others.
EFFECTS ON EDUCATION:
The importance of education in Pakistan is much but due to the growing population, high standard of the education could no! be achieved till now. The literacy rate in Pakistan is very low inspite of all efforts have been made by the government. The standard of Primary education is far from satisfactory. The teachers at the middle level are dissatisfied with the level of primary education and secondary school teachers complain about the standard of education at middle level and so on. The students admitted in medical colleges are mostly unsuccessful in the first professional examination. Government has started a programme of public-private partnership for increasing primary level education. Government has also started a scheme. Under the scheme thousands of non-formal schools are being opened to improve the literacy rate and provide facilities to primary education.
4.(a)What are the important national goals of Pakistan?
Pakistan is an Islamic state, there fore all fundamental national goals of Pakistan have determined according to Islamic ideology of the First fundamental goal is the establishment of Islamic society and the development of Islamic teaching.
(1) Setting up an Islamic Society:
The foremost national objective of Pakistan is the setting up of an Islamic society as per the teachings of Islamic and principles of democracy. Quaid-e-Azam had said that the purpose of the creation of Pakistan was not just obtaining a piece of land but objective was to establish a laboratory were we could practice principle of Islam.
(2) Struggle against Exploitation:
It is also a national objective of Pakistan to establish an Islamic Polity, based on the Principles of equality, Social Justice, mutual respect and cooperation. This is possible when people get equal opportunities for progress.
(3) State Security:
An important national goal of Pakistan is defense the state of the safeguard the country from internal and external janglers.
(4) Self Sufficiency:
Self sufficiency is used in extensive way but self sufficiency in Pakistan means to develop Pakistan economically. Pakistan must be made economically self sufficient. This would require sustained efforts at national level to work hard. Depend upon our own resources and promote education scientific knowledge.
(5) Unity with Muslim Countries:
The unity with Muslim countries is also a fundamental goal of Pakistan. It is also our national objective to promote unity among the Islamic countries and unite them on one platform. We have to strength is the role organization of Islamic countries (OIC) so that a uniform stand is taken on the issues concerning the interests of Muslim Ummah.
(6) Peace Initiates:
It is also a national goal of Pakistan to cooperate the efforts which are being done for international peace and prosperity. Promotion of international and regional peace, reformation of the unjust international economic system and elimination of racial discrimination are also our national objectives.
(b) What role should Pakistanis play for the Prosperity of the country?
A state cares for the basic needs of its citizen and enable them to live a peaceful life. As a Pakistani following are our important duties for the progress, prosperity and development of our country
(a) Awareness about the national goals:
Only those nations progress whose people are aware about their national goals.
(b) Dignity of labour:
If we conscious of the value and dignity of labour we can achieved our goal.
National resources can properly utilized through advancement in scientific and technical knowledge.
(d) Guidance and encouragement:
The guidance and encouragement of trained and private sector is the need to continue our struggle for more development and make Pakistan a developed country.
(e) Welfare programmes:
Welfare programmes have been started with in the country such as health centre, industrial home and recreation centres.
5.(a) Mention the principles of Democracy in Islam.
Democracy is a form of government in which all the people of the state select the representatives for the government through their votes.
PRINCIPLES OF DEMOCRACY IN ISLAM:
In Islam the concept of democracy is different from the rest of the world. In an Islamic democracy such people are elected to run the affairs of the state who follow the Islamic principles in their lives and are able to work according to the teachings of The Holy Quran and Sunnah. Following are the principles on which the foundation of democracy in Islam has been established.
The first principle of Islam is that sovereignty over the entire universe belongs to Allah. The representatives for the government have to use their power with in the limits prescribed by Islam. Even the legislative assemblies cannot go beyond this.
Establishment of justice in the society is the second basic principle of democracy in Islam. No aspect of life can be complete without justice. It makes any society peaceful and prosperous. A society having supreme justice enjoys unity, live, sincerity and peace.
Equality is the third important principles of democracy in Islam. There is no difference among the people on the basic of language, caste, color, culture, wealth and poverty. In his last sermon the holy
prophet declared that “All human beings are offspring of Hazrat Adam and no Arab is superior to a non-Arab.
Fraternity as brotherhood is the fourth important principle of democracy in Islam. In the Holy Quran Allah has sad that all believers are brothers to each other. The feeling of brother hood promotes affection, mutual, co-operation, selfless service and sacrifice. In this way, the society becomes peaceful.
(b) Write a note on anyone of the following:
(i) Objectives Resolution
(ii) Atomic (Nuclear) Energy
(iii) Mineral Resources of Pak.
(iv) Physical Features of Pak
(i) Objectives Resolution:
In the history of constitution making in Pakistan, the Objective Resolution is an important document and a basic step to frame the constitution. It was approved on March 12, 1949. In this Resolution Islam was declared as the foundation of the Constitution of Pakistan. It was also declared that all powers and sovereignty rests with Almighty Allah. It was also declared that the principles of democracy. Equally and social justice which are described by Islam would be implemented in Pakistan. So that the people could reform their lives according to the teaching of Islam.
SALIENT FEATURES OF OBJECTIVE RESOLUTION:
(i) Sovereignty over the entire universe belongs to Almighty Allah. The political powers are sacred trust which shall be exercised by the representatives of the people within the limits prescribed by Islam.
(ii) The principles and concepts of democracy, equality & social justice enunciated by Islam shall be enforced within the country.
(iii) Muslims shall be enabled to lead their individuals as well as collective life in accordance with the principles set in the Holy Qur’an and Sunnah.
(iv) The rights of the minorities shall be protected. They will have the freedom the follow their religion and promote their own culture.
(V) Federal system of government will be introduced in Pakistan.
(vi) Fundamental rights of the citizen shall guarantee on the basis of equality and social justice.
(vii) The judiciary will be completely free and independent. After the Objective Resolution was passed the Constitution-making process was taken in hand by the First Constituent Assembly of Pakistan. A number of committees were constituted. These committees, after detailed study, submitted their reports to the Constituent Assembly. But the recommendations could not be materialized and the Constituent Assembly was dissolved by the Governor General, Ghulam Muhammad on October 24, 1954. Hence, during the seven years of stay of the Constituent Assembly (1947-1954), constitution for the country could not be prepared due to the political crisis and the struggle for power among the political parties
(ii) Atomic (Nuclear) Energy:
An important source of energy is nuclear energy. Uranium which is a heavy grey radioactive metallic element is :used for the production of atomic energy. In Pakistan two atomic power houses are working. One is at Karachi which started its work in 1971 and the second is at Chasma in Mianwali. The Chasma plant started producing electicity in 2002.Its production capacity is 300 mega watts. A third atomic power project is being constructed at Chasma with the collaboration of China. Atomic energy is also used for peaceful purposes lt is used in agricultural research. Atomic energy is used for the treatment of cancer.
(iii) Mineral Resources of Pakistan:
The mineral found in Pakistan are:
(i) Mineral Oil
(ii) Natural Gas
(vi) Iron Ore
(vii) Lime Stone
(i) Mineral Oil: It is not used in factories and mills as a fuel, but the transport system also depends on it. Moreover, it is domestic use also as a cheap fuel. Pakistan is an oil rich country but due to slow process of exploration the discovery of oil fields, commercially useful has been very few. The oil resources of Pakistan are located in Potohar Plateau, Khor, Dhullian, Kot Mayyab, Attock, Chakwal, Jehlum, Dhodak, Badin, Hyderabad, Sanghar and Dadu districts.
(ii) Natural Gas: Natural gas is a comparatively cheaper and the most efficient source of energy in Pakistan. Natural gas is required for running industry and is used as fuel, for vehicles and household purposes. Pakistan has vast reserves of gas. The oil fields producing gas in the country are located at the lollowing places:
Sui, Uch, Khairpur, Mazrani, Bari, Sandahk, Dhodak, Piroh, Dhullian, Meyal, Murree, Badin, Golarchi and Turk. The gas is used in cement fertilizer and general industries. It is also used for producing thermal electricity.
(iii) Iron Ore: Iron ore is used for making iron, steel, machines and tools of different kind. The iron ore deposits found in Pakistan fall short to meet our requirement. Pakistan imports iron ore only for Steel Mill at Bin Qasim Karachi. Iron ore deposit occur at a number of places, like Kalabagh, Makarwal, Chitral, Hazara, Khuzdar, Chilghazi, Muslim Bagh, Noukundi, Chaghi etc
(iv) Coal: Coal is an important source of energy. Coal is one of the principal minerals found in Pakistan. Availability of high quality coal is a basic need of industry. Coal, found in our country is of low quality. It is mainly used in brick and lime burning, the ceramics industry, ginning Mills and for firing the boilers of power station and steam engines. The big deposits of coal in Pakistan are located at the following places:
(i) The Salt Range and Makarwal Coal field.
(ii) The Northeastern Balochistan Coal fields.
(iii) Sindh Coal fields.
(v) Chromate: Chromate is very important metallic mineral. It is used in making stainless steel, high speed tools precision instrument, dyes and photography. Pakistan is the top producer of this metal in the world. A large quantity of Chromate is exported to other countries. The deposit of chromate are found at Muslim Bagh, Chaghai, Kharan, Malakand, Mohmand and North Waziristan.
(vi) Copper: Copper is an important industrial metal. It is used in electric goods and especially in making copper-wire. The deposits of copper are found at various places in the NWFP and Balochistan province. The most important deposits of copper occur in Sandak and Amori in the district of Chaghai.
(vii) Lime Stone: Limestone is largely used in making cement, ceramics and other allied industries. Many cement factories have been established at the places where limestone is commonly found in large quantities. Limestone is also used in construction work. Limestone is available in large quantities at Dandot, Dawoodkhel, Rohri, Hyderabad and Karachi.
(viii) Sulpher: Sulpher is an important mineral, which is used, in Chemical industries, fire arm industry and match factories. It is also used for gunpowder. It is found in Koh-e- Sultan, Jacobabad and Mardan. It is refined and made suitable for use at the factories established at Karachi and Quetta.
(ix) Marble: Marble is another mineral wealth, which is found in abundance in NWFP and Balochistan province. It is of several goods kind and colours. The best kind of marble is found at Mull Chori near Peshawar. Marble is used for flooring and fixing at wall for beautification. Pakistan earns a good amount of foreign exchange by selling this mineral. Multi colour marble found in Pakistan has great demand in foreign countries. Marble is found in the district of Chaghai, Mardan, Sawat, Khyber Agency, Attock District, Mirpur and Muzaffarabad.
(x) Salt: Salt is used in cocking, it is also used in the manufacture of washing soda and hydrochloric acid. Vast de,posits of mineral salt are found in Khewra, Warrach, Kalabagh, Bahadukhel and Kark. The country has one of the largest deposits of Rock Salt of the world Salt is also obtained from Sea water at Karachi and Makran Coast.
(xi) Gypsum: Gypsum is a non-metallic mineral. It is a bright stone of white colour. Gypsum is a valuable source of wealth. It is used for making Cement, Plaster of Paris, fertilizers and boards. It is largely used in a number of small industries. Gypsum in large quantity is found and obtained from the following areas.
District Jhelum, Mianwali, Dera Ghazi Khan, Quetta, Sibi, Loralai, Kohat, Bhawalpur, Dadu and Thar.
(iv) Physical Features of Pakistan:
Pakistan can be divided into following natural regions with respect to its geographical location.
(1) Mountainous Ranges:
(i) Northern and Eastern Mountains
(ii) North – Western and Western Mountains ..
(i) The Potowar Plateau
(ii) The Balochistan Plateau.
(3) The Desert:
(i) The Thai
(ii) Cholistan Desert
(iii) Thar and Naro Desert
(iv) The Chaghai and Kharan Desert.
(4) The Coastal Areas:
(i) Costal of Makran
(ii) Costal of Sindh.