SECTION “A” (MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS)
1. Choose the correct answer for each from the given options
(i) The main dispute between Pakistan and India is:
(ii) The best way to develop social relations is to spread:
(iii) Khilafat-e-Rashida remained for nearly:
* 19 years
* 39 years
* 29 years
* 49 years
(iv) Islam presented the concept of welfare state years ago:
* 1300 years
* 1400 years
* 1600 years
(v) 70% people of Pakistan live in:
(vi) The first Prime Minister of Pakistan was:
* Muhammad Ali Bogra
* Khawaja Nazimuddin
* Liaguat Ali Khan.
* Quaid-e-Azam M. Ali Jinnah
(vii) The Dam constructed on River Indus is:
(viii) The second Islamic Summit Conference was held at Lahore in the year:
(ix) Bangladesh as an independent state was first time accepted by:
(x) The source of irrigation in Balochistan is:
(xi) A welfare state provides the basic requirements to the:
(xii) Rehman Baba and Khushhal Khan Khattak were famous poets of this language:
(xiii) The length of Durand line is about:
* 2100 kilo metres
* 2252 kilo metres
* 2352 kilo metres
* 2400 kilo metres
(xiv) The biggest deposits of chromites in the world are in:
(xv) The biggest canal system is in:
SECTION ‘B’ (SHORT-ANSWER QUESTIONS)
Note: Answer 12 questions from this Section.
(i) Write 3 sentences on the importance of Urdu Language.
(i) Urdu is used as a common speaking, language in all provinces of Pakistan.
(ii) Urdu language is an easy and comprehensive language, one can easily understand and speak Urdu by doing some efforts.
(iii) The words of many international as well as local language are used in Urdu language.
(ii) Write 3 objectives of Aligarh Movement
Sir Syed Ahmed Khan made social and Political efforts which are collectively known as Aligarh Movement. Sir Syed Ahmed emphasized the need for maintaining friendly relations with the British to earn their good will. Sir Syed Ahmed stressed upon Muslims to learn modern knowledge. He set up a scientific society at Ghazipur in 1862 and Later on raised to the Aligarh Movement:
Level of a college named Aligarh College. He maturated the Muslims to learn English language and scientific knowledge. He made great services in social way, thus Aligarh movement became a source of strength for the Muslims in the sub continent.
(iii) Write down any 3 uses of E-Commerce.
E commerce means trade with the help of computer and internet
Maintain & Update data:- E commerce helps in maintaining an updated correct record of trade & business.
Imports & Exports:- E commerce facilitates our imports & exports.
Contact worlds leading business Organizations:- Contracts can be established with leading business organizations.
Sell & Purchasing shares:- The shares of stock exchange of New York, Singapore, Hong Kong, London etc can be sold or purchased while sitting at home.
(iv) Write down three sentences on Pakistan Resolution.
The annual session of Muslim League was held in Lahore in March 1940, Maulvi Fazlul Haq presented a resolution about the future of the Muslims of subcontinent. It was unanimously passed. By the Pakistan Resolution, the Muslim League had decided its goal & had set up a plan for the political struggle of Muslims for establishment of a new state.
(v) Write down any three objectives of education of the Information Technology.
The main objectives of LT. education in Pakistan are:
(i) To modernize education:
To modernize educational system by introducing information technology.
(ii) Modern Information:
To provide access to research and modern information through the internet.
(iii) Communication Technology:
To employ communication technology for the training of teachers and other educational activities.
(vi) Write names of any three Governors of Sindh province.
(1) Dr Ishrat-ul-Ebad Khan
(2) Mumtaz Bhutto
(3) Hakim Muhammad Saeed
(vii) Write any three causes of Environmental pollution.
(1) The addition of such elements on components in air, which put injuries influences on human life, animal and plants is called air pollution.
(2) Water which is obtained naturally from rivers, seas, lakes and springs, the addition of such elements and compounds in water which put injurious influences and human life is called water pollution.
(3) The earth is polluted biologically, chemically & physiologically, when a number of harmful things are inducted earth.
(viii) What do you meant by 3rd June Plan? Write few sentences about it.
In March 1947 Lord Mountbatten becomes the Viceroy of Sub Continent tried to keep the Sub Continent united but fails in his efforts. He finally come to the conclusion that there wets no other possible solution of political problem of the Sub Continent except to partition. On 3rd June he announce the plan of the partition. According to it the power would be given to Pakistan on 14th Aug. This bill was passed and carried to be known as Indian Independence Act 1947.
(ix) Write names of three prominent personalities of Aligarh Movement.
(1) Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk
(2) Altaf Hussain Hali
(3) Nawab Waqar-ul-Mulk
(x) Define constitution in three sentences.
Constitution means a set of basic laws rules and regulations which are necessary for running the administration of a state with an objective that people may lead an independent, disciplined, peaceful & happy life
(xi) Write names of three important Dams of Pakistan.
(1) Tarbela Dam
(2) Warsak Dam
(3) Mangla Dam
(xii) Write names of three artificial forests of Pakistan.
Artificial forests of Pakistan are:
Changa Manga, Chichawatni, Khan-e-Wal, Thai & Shor-coat.
(xiii) Write three sentences on the importance of census.
Importance of Census:-
The process of gathering data about total population, its regional distribution, the Urban and rural ratio literacy and level of education rate of population growth average density and the occupation of the people is called census. Its vital for purposeful planning & introduce new programmes & projects for welfare of the people of state.
(xiv) What is meant by a Welfare State? Write in few sentences.
Welfare State means a state, which eradicates ignorance, poverty, misery and injustice and provides basic civic amenities to its citizens. It makes adequate arrangements for food, clothing and shelter. A welfare state is a state, which adopts all measures of bringing comfort and entertainment to the general public and masses. A welfare state is the name of an ideal social condition. A condition where justice prevails in all spheres of social life. The primary aim of a welfare state is the material and moral well being of its citizen.
(xv) Write down the names of three important mineral resources of Pakistan.
Minerals of Pakistan:
Minerals are the natural wealth buried under neath the earth. Main mineral of Pakistan are: Gas, Coal & Chromite.
SECTION ‘C’ (DETAILED ANSWER QUESTIONS)
Note: Answer any Two questions from this Section.
3.(a) Describe the effects of climate on human life.
In the Northern Mountainous Region. the winter season is very cold and severe. The mountainous area receives heavy snowfall. Normally the temperature goes down below freezinq points in winter months. The excessive cold. fog and snow fall render the available cultivable land uncultivable and thus farming becomes impossible. The severity of climate badly affects the flora and fauna of the region. People are confined within four walls of their homes. They are unable to work out door in winters. The communication and transportation system is also paralyzed as the roads and ways are blocked due to snow. The people living in these areas plan and manage to leave their homes to go down to the plain. for job and temporary stay.
The summers here are pleasant and short. The life returns to normally with full swing. The vegetation and flora take rebirth and blossom in summer. Green grass grows every where. There are limited opportunities of earning the people of these area. go out to various parts of the country or emigrate abroad in search of wealth, They are well built. healthy good looking and industrious.
The Indus Plain includes the area belonging to central and southern parts of Punjab and the whole province of Sindh excluding the coastal belt. The climate in this region is extreme. The winters are very cold and the summer very hot. The extreme climate has made people strong hardy and tolerant.
3.(b) Describe the role of Muslim-Language in the struggle of Pakistan.
At the end of Annual Muhammadan Education Conference in Dhaika the Muslim Leaders decided to set up a political party to protect and safeguard the rights of the Muslims of sub continental.
ESTABLISHMENT OF MUSLIM LEAGUE:
In 30th December 1906 a political party “All India Muslim League” was setup and Aligarh was made its headquarter. Sir Agha Khan elected as president, Syed Ali Hasan Bilgrami was elected secretary general of Muslim League.
AIM AND OBJECTIVES
The aims and objectives are:
(i) To establish friendly relations:
To establish friendly relations between the British Government and the Muslims.
To co-ordinate with other nations.
(iii) Muslims Rights:
To protect rights of the Muslims of the sub continent.
ROLE OF MUSLIM LEAGUE IN PAK. MOVEMENT:
(i) Protection of Rights:
As a representative party Muslim League started to take practical improvements for the protection of Muslims rights.
(ii) Political Settlement:
Due to the efforts of Muslim League both parties congress and Muslim League entered in to a political settlement.
(iii) Number of Muslim:
Due to the effort of Muslim League the member of Muslims in the central Legislative Assembly was agreed to one-third.
(iv) Muslim Seats:
Due to the efforts of Muslim League particular Muslim seats were reserved in central and provincial assemblies.
(v) Political Awareness:
Muslim League provide political platform for the practical straggle. It united the Muslim under the great leadership of Quaid-e-Azam. Due to these efforts the procedure of the demand for Pakistan and the partition was completed. On 14th August 1947, a separate Slater was came into being for the Muslims of Sub-continent.
4.(a) Describe the struggle of Syed Ahmed Shaheed in eliminating the Social Evils.
Syed Ahmed Shaheed was born in 1786 in Rai Barely, He received the necessary education during his stay at Delhi. Syed Ahmed Shaheed Brelvi started a great movement in the North of India, this movement is kown as “The Mujahideen Movement” or “The movement of Jihad”, This movement arranged a power for the struggle of freedom in Muslims which produced a spirit of survival & they started freedom struggle.
According to Syed Ahmed Shaheed Brelvi, the main cause of the problems of the Muslims in South Asia was their separation from the teachings of Islam. There was no spirit of preaching Islam among the Muslims in his period and their hearts become empty from the spirit of the holy was for Islam, He wanted to make the Muslims as the true lover of Islam for this purpose he started the Mujahideen movement. The main objectives of the Mujahideen movement were following:
(1) To preach unicity of Almighty Allah.
(2) To revive the teachings of Islam and prepare the Muslims to pass their lives simply according to the teachings of Islam.
(3) To protect the Muslims against such acts and ideas as are contrary to Islamic values.
(4) To protect the Muslims from the worship of things except Allah
(5) To preach Jihad because it was not possible to get freedom from evil force without armed struggle.
He started Jihad in the Punjab and N.W.F.P. Shah Ismail Shaheed along with six thousand followers also joined Syed Ahmed in his Juhad against evil forces. Syed Ahmed toured different areas around Delhi and Punjab, where a number of his followers joined him. The Mujahideen movement was started against the Sikhs who commanded a restriction to call Azan in the mosque of their areas.
Syed Ahmed Brelvi reached Nowshehra after passing through Afghanistan, the Khyber Pass and Peshawar in December 1826 and made it his headquarter. The first against the Sikhs was fought on December 21, 1826 near Akora. The Sikhs were defeated. The second battle was fought at Hazro. It was won by the Muslims. These victories inspired a number of Pathan tribes to join Jihad movement. The number of Mujahideen rose to 80,000. Syed Ahmed Brelvi was given the status of “Amir-ul-Momminin”. Islamic laws were enforced in the area which was controlled by Syed Ahmed Shaheed Brelvi. The Muslims fought with heroism but Syed Ahmed and his right hand companions were martyred on 6th May 1831.
4.(b)What are the salient features of the objective resolution?
After the establishment of Pakistan the constituent assembly approved a document for the constitution making on 11th March 1949 which is known as objective resolution.
It was the foundation for constitution making. It is an important document in the constitutional evolution.
(i) Sovereignty: Sovereignty over the enlist universe belongs to almighty Allah.
(ii) Islamic Laws: The principles of democracy equality and social justice enunciated by Islam will be enforced with in the country.
(iii) Religious Freedom: The Muslims will be enabled to lead their lives in accordance with the principles set by Islam.
(iv) Minorities Rights: The rights of the minorities shall be protected the will have the freedom to follow their religion and promote their own culture.
(v) Federal State: Pakistan shall be a federal state the provinces will enjoy auto money with in the prescribed limits mentioned in the constitution.
(vi) Independence of Judiciary: The basic rights of the people and the independence of Judiciary will be guaranteed.
(vii) Uses of Power: The use of power and domination in Pakistan shall be used.
(viii) Regional Protection: The protection shall be provided to all regions of Pakistan thus Pakistan shall be prospering.
5.(a)Describe the important agricultural problems of Pak.
MAIN AGRICULTURAL PROBLEMS:
The progress of our country is linked with agriculture and the crops output. Unfortunately our agricultural system has to face a number of problems which are as under:-
(i) Lack of modern methods of agriculture:
The yield per acre of our agriculture cops is very low because the agriculturists have hardly adopted modern practices in use of agriculture.
(ii) Increase of population:
With the speedy growth of population the number of farmers and those who depends in agriculture is increasing, but, the cultivated areas are not growing at the same rate. In this way per head cultivated area is decreasing.
(iii) Shortage of Rainfall:
The shortage of rainfall or drought also affects the areas of cultivation though irrigation is done through canals. Water level in the rivers and canals drops if rainfall is less. Heavy rains are also harmful for crops. Weather uncertainty creates many problems.
(iv) Water logging and Salinity:
The biggest problem of agriculture is water togging and salinity. The underground water level rises up to the surface, in some areas and this makes the land sprayed with salts and other chemicals harmful to aqriculture. This menace makes the land unproductive. According to an estimate, every year, about a hundred thousand acres of land becomes useless in Sindh and Punjab.
(v) Diseases to Crops:
Crops diseases and pests have a very bad effect or, crops. In certain areas wild boar, rats and other animals destroy the standing crops.
(vi) Insufficient and bad means of transportation:
Insufficient and bad means of transportation also have an adverse effect on our agriculture. The yield of the crops cannot be brought to the markets in time. There is shortage of god owns for storage and protection from rain, wind and storms. Farmers do not get sufficient reward for their hard work because of these factors and become defected.
(vii) Lack of medical facilities:
. In the countryside lack of medical help, unsuitable living conditions and non-availability of other essential provisions have a very badly affected the health of our farmers and their families.
5.(b) Write a note on anyone of the following:
(i) Physical features of Pakistan
Pakistan can be divided into following natural regions with respect to its geographical location.
(1) Mountainous Ranges:
(i) Northern and Eastern Mountains
(ii) North – Western and Western Mountains.
(i) The Potowar Plateau
(ii) The Balochistan Plateau.
(3) The Desert:
(i) The Thai
(ii) Cholistan Desert
(iii) Thar and Naro Desert
(iv) The Chaghai and Kharan Desert.
(4) The Coastal Areas:
(i) Costal of Makran
(ii) Costal of Sindh
(ii) The main components of the scheme of studies at secondary level of education.
Main Components of scheme of Secondary Level:
It starts from class IX to X. its duration is two years. Students who have passed Middle stage are admitted in class IX The Board issues a certificate in passing examinations.
At this level Urdu, English, Islamiat and Pakistan studies are compulsory subjects.
Optional Subjects for:
Science group students option for there subjects Biology, Chemistry, Physics & Computer Science.
Humanities group students option for General science as compulsory apart they option Mathematics and two others subjects.
(iii) Sources of Islamic Ideology.
Fundamentals sources of Islamic Ideology:
(a) The Holy Qur’an:
The Qur’an is the permanent basis of Islam. It provides detailed guidance to the people, concerning social and economic laws, leading to a sustainable, peaceful and purposeful life at the individual and collective levels.
Our Holy Prophet (p.b.u.h.) elaborated the injunctions of Islam by his words and deeds. The detailed explanation of the teachings of the Holy Qur’an is found in the Sunnah, which is the essential source of Islamic laws & principle
(c) Traditions and Cultural Values:
The values and traditions, such as festivals, gathering and ceremonies which do not run opposite to the teachings of Islam, are allowed to be followed by the Muslims in their respective regions.
(iv) Quaid-e-Azam’s role as 1st Governor General of Pakistan
QUAID-E-AZAM’S ROLE AS FOVERNOR GENERAL OF PAKISTAN:-
Following are the main features of the role of Quaid-e-Azam as Governor General of Pakistan when Pakistan faced many problems at the time of its birth like settlement of refugees distribution of assets between India and Pakistan canal water Issue and the Kashmir problem.
(1) National unity:- The initial problems of Pakistan required national integrity and close cooperation among the people of the new country.
(2) Settlement of Refugees:- About 6.5 millions Muslims were rendered homeless in India and forced to migrate to Pakistan to find refuge. Their settlement was a huge taste. Quaid-e-Azam paid full attention to setup these refugees.
(3) Advice to the government officers:-
Quaid-e-Azam said that government officers should prove themselves as true public servants and advised them to perform their duties like public servants with honestly.
(4) Negationtyo provincial and Racial Discrimination:-
He neglated all types of provincial and raical discrimination. He advised them to be Pakistani instead of Punjab,Sindh, Balochi, Pakhtoon and Bengalis.
(5) Islamic Economic System:- Quaid-e-Azam was not in favour of eastern economic system.
(6) Foreign pollcy:- After the Independence, Quaid-e- Azam made great efforts to make Pakistan the member of U.N.O under his guidance diplomatic relations were established with a number of countries in a short time.
(7) Kashmir Issue:- Quaid-e-Azam as a governor general offered India for a talk over Kashmir issue to solve it. In this way he tried his level best to solve this big issue as a head of state.
CONCLUSION:- Quaid-e-Azam lead whole struggle of Pakistan and become in first governor general in 1947 after independence. As a governor general he rendered great service as a governor general he was honest, hard working, dedicated, devoted & active. He only worked in the national interest and also advised others to do so. His period as a governor general of Pakistan is a model for today’s rulers.